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1
Задание 43 № 43

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуски одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов. Заполните пропуск А43 одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов (1–4).

 

Nero, the handsome seven-year-old African lion, can obviously sense, early though it still is, that this is not going to be

just another day. (A43) _____

The courtyard outside is noisy with people carrying bottles, syringes, drugs, drips and bandages and in half an hour a

mini operating theatre is set up right on Nero's doorstep. (A44) _____

'The nerve in the tooth is now totally dead,' explains veterinary dentist Peter Kertesz, who has worked on animals' teeth

for 14 years. (A45) _____

Peter and his assistant Samantha divide their time between working with humans (Mondays to Thursdays) and treating

animals (Fridays). Under the name Zoodent International, Peter, 47, performs more dental work on animals than any

other practice in the world

1) He has spent the night in his cage, as usual, but now, when he should be wandering through the Safari Park, he's still here. He paws irritably at the bars of his cage.
2) As he roars his disapproval, he reveals the broken front tooth that is the reason for all this fuss. Today, the dentist is visiting the king of the jungle.
3) 'It could become infected and result in an abscess. An infected tooth may eventually kill an animal once the bacteria enter the bloodstream.'
4) 'The tinned food we feed them doesn't contain the fibre, which is a self-cleaning agent and is bad for the teeth,' says Peter.

2
Задание 44 № 44

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуски одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов. Заполните пропуск А44 одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов (1–4).

 

Nero, the handsome seven-year-old African lion, can obviously sense, early though it still is, that this is not going to be

just another day. (A43) _____

The courtyard outside is noisy with people carrying bottles, syringes, drugs, drips and bandages and in half an hour a

mini operating theatre is set up right on Nero's doorstep. (A44) _____

'The nerve in the tooth is now totally dead,' explains veterinary dentist Peter Kertesz, who has worked on animals' teeth

for 14 years. (A45) _____

Peter and his assistant Samantha divide their time between working with humans (Mondays to Thursdays) and treating

animals (Fridays). Under the name Zoodent International, Peter, 47, performs more dental work on animals than any

other practice in the world

1) He has spent the night in his cage, as usual, but now, when he should be wandering through the Safari Park, he‟s still here. He paws irritably at the bars of his cage.
2) As he roars his disapproval, he reveals the broken front tooth that is the reason for all this fuss. Today, the dentist is visiting the king of the jungle.
3) 'It could become infected and result in an abscess. An infected tooth may eventually kill an animal once the bacteria enter the bloodstream.'
4) 'The tinned food we feed them doesn't contain the fibre, which is a self-cleaning agent and is bad for the teeth,' says Peter.

3
Задание 45 № 45

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуски одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов. Заполните пропуск А45 одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов (1–4).

 

Nero, the handsome seven-year-old African lion, can obviously sense, early though it still is, that this is not going to be

just another day. (A43) _____

The courtyard outside is noisy with people carrying bottles, syringes, drugs, drips and bandages and in half an hour a

mini operating theatre is set up right on Nero's doorstep. (A44) _____

'The nerve in the tooth is now totally dead,' explains veterinary dentist Peter Kertesz, who has worked on animals' teeth

for 14 years. (A45) _____

Peter and his assistant Samantha divide their time between working with humans (Mondays to Thursdays) and treating

animals (Fridays). Under the name Zoodent International, Peter, 47, performs more dental work on animals than any

other practice in the world

1) He has spent the night in his cage, as usual, but now, when he should be wandering through the Safari Park, he‟s still here. He paws irritably at the bars of his cage.
2) As he roars his disapproval, he reveals the broken front tooth that is the reason for all this fuss. Today, the dentist is visiting the king of the jungle.
3) 'It could become infected and result in an abscess. An infected tooth may eventually kill an animal once the bacteria enter the bloodstream.'
4) 'The tinned food we feed them doesn't contain the fibre, which is a self-cleaning agent and is bad for the teeth,' says Peter.

4
Задание 46 № 46

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуски одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов. Заполните пропуск А46 одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов (1–4).

 

'Working with animals is much more difficult than with humans,' he says, as Samantha lays out the rows of dental

instruments. 'With an animal, I have to make an on-the-spot diagnosis and work very quickly.' (A46) _____

Peter now moves close to the bars of Nero‟s cage and expertly directs a tiny, plastic blowpipe dart, containing a high

dose of anaesthetic, into the lion‟s thigh (бедро). (A47) _____

It takes six men to lift and move the 180 kilogram animal 2 metres from his cage door to the hay mattress that will serve

as an operating table.

(A48) _____ Peter discovers a tooth that needs filling and he sets about doing that first. 'This is the same stuff as we use

for human teeth,' he says, packing the medicine into the cavity. 'There‟s just more of it.'

The dental work now over, Peter removes a gas canister from the lion‟s mouth. Without the supply of gas, Nero will start

coming round fairly quickly, so the keepers move fast to pull him back to his cage. As Peter packs up, the lion stirs. The

great yellow eyes are beginning to lose their drugged and sleepy look. 'Don't be fooled,' says Peter, 'He might appear

sleepy but he could react very quickly now if he wanted to ...'

1) Nero lets out a loud growl before falling to the floor of his cage. Peter waits for a few minutes before giving the signal to unlock the heavy barred door.
2) Samantha checks that everything is in place. Once everything's ready, she signals to Peter that they are all set for the patient.
3) The lion opens his mouth and keeps his jaws wide apart to let Peter inspect his mouth for any other dental problems.
4) Peter sets to work immediately, examining the great mouth with the help of an endoscope – a long metal tube with a light at its tip.

5
Задание 47 № 47

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуски одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов. Заполните пропуск А47 одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов (1–4).

 

'Working with animals is much more difficult than with humans,' he says, as Samantha lays out the rows of dental

instruments. 'With an animal, I have to make an on-the-spot diagnosis and work very quickly.' (A46) _____

Peter now moves close to the bars of Nero‟s cage and expertly directs a tiny, plastic blowpipe dart, containing a high

dose of anaesthetic, into the lion‟s thigh (бедро). (A47) _____

It takes six men to lift and move the 180 kilogram animal 2 metres from his cage door to the hay mattress that will serve

as an operating table.

(A48) _____ Peter discovers a tooth that needs filling and he sets about doing that first. 'This is the same stuff as we use

for human teeth,' he says, packing the medicine into the cavity. 'There‟s just more of it.'

The dental work now over, Peter removes a gas canister from the lion‟s mouth. Without the supply of gas, Nero will start

coming round fairly quickly, so the keepers move fast to pull him back to his cage. As Peter packs up, the lion stirs. The

great yellow eyes are beginning to lose their drugged and sleepy look. 'Don't be fooled,' says Peter, 'He might appear

sleepy but he could react very quickly now if he wanted to ...'

1) Nero lets out a loud growl before falling to the floor of his cage. Peter waits for a few minutes before giving the signal to unlock the heavy barred door.
2) Samantha checks that everything is in place. Once everything's ready, she signals to Peter that they are all set for the patient.
3) The lion opens his mouth and keeps his jaws wide apart to let Peter inspect his mouth for any other dental problems.
4) Peter sets to work immediately, examining the great mouth with the help of an endoscope – a long metal tube with a light at its tip.

6
Задание 48 № 48

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуски одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов. Заполните пропуск А48 одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов (1–4).

 

'Working with animals is much more difficult than with humans,' he says, as Samantha lays out the rows of dental

instruments. 'With an animal, I have to make an on-the-spot diagnosis and work very quickly.' (A46) _____

Peter now moves close to the bars of Nero‟s cage and expertly directs a tiny, plastic blowpipe dart, containing a high

dose of anaesthetic, into the lion‟s thigh (бедро). (A47) _____

It takes six men to lift and move the 180 kilogram animal 2 metres from his cage door to the hay mattress that will serve

as an operating table.

(A48) _____ Peter discovers a tooth that needs filling and he sets about doing that first. 'This is the same stuff as we use

for human teeth,' he says, packing the medicine into the cavity. 'There‟s just more of it.'

The dental work now over, Peter removes a gas canister from the lion‟s mouth. Without the supply of gas, Nero will start

coming round fairly quickly, so the keepers move fast to pull him back to his cage. As Peter packs up, the lion stirs. The

great yellow eyes are beginning to lose their drugged and sleepy look. 'Don't be fooled,' says Peter, 'He might appear

sleepy but he could react very quickly now if he wanted to ...'

1) Nero lets out a loud growl before falling to the floor of his cage. Peter waits for a few minutes before giving the signal to unlock the heavy barred door.
2) Samantha checks that everything is in place. Once everything's ready, she signals to Peter that they are all set for the patient.
3) The lion opens his mouth and keeps his jaws wide apart to let Peter inspect his mouth for any other dental problems.
4) Peter sets to work immediately, examining the great mouth with the help of an endoscope – a long metal tube with a light at its tip.

7
Задание 43 № 403

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A43) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — Apart from the obvious adverts that we see every day on TV, on billboards and in newspapers and magazines, there is a whole 'other world' of advertising messages fighting for our attention.

2 — However, this is a truly inescapable form of advertising.

3 — To advertising executives and agencies, it would have cen 'a dream come true'.

4 — Take 'product placement', for example.


A few years ago, a company called Space Marketing came up with a plan to send a mile-long advertisement into space. Using light reflected from the sun, it would beam out a message as large as the moon that could be seen by every single person on the planet as it orbited the Earth.

This would have been one advert that couldn't have been thrown out with the junk mail or switched off by remote control. (A43)___ Advertising standards agencies eventually decided not to allow Space Marketing to go ahead with their plans and they were forced to abandon them, but not before several major companies had made serious enquiries about launching their logos into space.

Space may indeed be the final frontier for advertisers, because on Earth we are already surrounded by advertising wherever we are and whatever we are doing. (A44)___ There are the promises of health and vitality on the cereal packet weate from this morning, for example, and the ad that we saw on the side of the bus we caught to work. Most of the time, we are probably not even aware of these less obvious advertising tactics, but that doesn't mean that they aren't effective. (A45)___ You are in a packed cinema, watching the latest Hollywood blockbuster. There are adverts before the film or during a break in the film, but are there any during the film? Well, look carefully at the make of car your favourite actor is driving. And what about his watch? Can you see what brand it is? Chances are, you can, and the company that owns the brand is likely to have paid thousands for it to appear in the film.

Whilst products are most often placed' in this way in movies and TV series, they also sometimes appear in music videos, video games, plays and even books. (A46)___ You may not realise you are being influenced by a technique that sounds so simple, but advertisers consider product placement to be a highly effective form of advertising. After all, they would not be willing to spend as much money as they do on it if they didn't truly believe it worked.

In fact, associating products with cool, exciting lives seems to be one of the most common forms of advertising. (A47)___

And let's not forget the power of pure entertainment (A48)___ If the consumers are looking forward to the next 'episode' of an ad, once again the product has become associated with something 'cool" and is therefore likely to See a considerable rise in popularity.

So, whether Space Marketing eventually succeeds in launching ads into space or not is perhaps a less important issue than it might seem.

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

8
Задание 44 № 404

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A44) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — Apart from the obvious adverts that we see every day on TV, on billboards and in newspapers and magazines, there is a whole 'other world' of advertising messages fighting for our attention.

2 — However, this is a truly inescapable form of advertising.

3 — To advertising executives and agencies, it would have cen 'a dream come true'.

4 — Take 'product placement', for example.


A few years ago, a company called Space Marketing came up with a plan to send a mile-long advertisement into space. Using light reflected from the sun, it would beam out a message as large as the moon that could be seen by every single person on the planet as it orbited the Earth.

This would have been one advert that couldn't have been thrown out with the junk mail or switched off by remote control. (A43)___ Advertising standards agencies eventually decided not to allow Space Marketing to go ahead with their plans and they were forced to abandon them, but not before several major companies had made serious enquiries about launching their logos into space.

Space may indeed be the final frontier for advertisers, because on Earth we are already surrounded by advertising wherever we are and whatever we are doing. (A44)___ There are the promises of health and vitality on the cereal packet weate from this morning, for example, and the ad that we saw on the side of the bus we caught to work. Most of the time, we are probably not even aware of these less obvious advertising tactics, but that doesn't mean that they aren't effective. (A45)___ You are in a packed cinema, watching the latest Hollywood blockbuster. There are adverts before the film or during a break in the film, but are there any during the film? Well, look carefully at the make of car your favourite actor is driving. And what about his watch? Can you see what brand it is? Chances are, you can, and the company that owns the brand is likely to have paid thousands for it to appear in the film.

Whilst products are most often placed' in this way in movies and TV series, they also sometimes appear in music videos, video games, plays and even books. (A46)___ You may not realise you are being influenced by a technique that sounds so simple, but advertisers consider product placement to be a highly effective form of advertising. After all, they would not be willing to spend as much money as they do on it if they didn't truly believe it worked.

In fact, associating products with cool, exciting lives seems to be one of the most common forms of advertising. (A47)___

And let's not forget the power of pure entertainment (A48)___ If the consumers are looking forward to the next 'episode' of an ad, once again the product has become associated with something 'cool" and is therefore likely to See a considerable rise in popularity.

So, whether Space Marketing eventually succeeds in launching ads into space or not is perhaps a less important issue than it might seem.

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

9
Задание 45 № 405

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A45) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — Apart from the obvious adverts that we see every day on TV, on billboards and in newspapers and magazines, there is a whole 'other world' of advertising messages fighting for our attention.

2 — However, this is a truly inescapable form of advertising.

3 — To advertising executives and agencies, it would have cen 'a dream come true'.

4 — Take 'product placement', for example.


A few years ago, a company called Space Marketing came up with a plan to send a mile-long advertisement into space. Using light reflected from the sun, it would beam out a message as large as the moon that could be seen by every single person on the planet as it orbited the Earth.

This would have been one advert that couldn't have been thrown out with the junk mail or switched off by remote control. (A43)___ Advertising standards agencies eventually decided not to allow Space Marketing to go ahead with their plans and they were forced to abandon them, but not before several major companies had made serious enquiries about launching their logos into space.

Space may indeed be the final frontier for advertisers, because on Earth we are already surrounded by advertising wherever we are and whatever we are doing. (A44)___ There are the promises of health and vitality on the cereal packet weate from this morning, for example, and the ad that we saw on the side of the bus we caught to work. Most of the time, we are probably not even aware of these less obvious advertising tactics, but that doesn't mean that they aren't effective. (A45)___ You are in a packed cinema, watching the latest Hollywood blockbuster. There are adverts before the film or during a break in the film, but are there any during the film? Well, look carefully at the make of car your favourite actor is driving. And what about his watch? Can you see what brand it is? Chances are, you can, and the company that owns the brand is likely to have paid thousands for it to appear in the film.

Whilst products are most often placed' in this way in movies and TV series, they also sometimes appear in music videos, video games, plays and even books. (A46)___ You may not realise you are being influenced by a technique that sounds so simple, but advertisers consider product placement to be a highly effective form of advertising. After all, they would not be willing to spend as much money as they do on it if they didn't truly believe it worked.

In fact, associating products with cool, exciting lives seems to be one of the most common forms of advertising. (A47)___

And let's not forget the power of pure entertainment (A48)___ If the consumers are looking forward to the next 'episode' of an ad, once again the product has become associated with something 'cool" and is therefore likely to See a considerable rise in popularity.

So, whether Space Marketing eventually succeeds in launching ads into space or not is perhaps a less important issue than it might seem.

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

10
Задание 46 № 406

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A46) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — To a certain extent, this would not change a thing.

2 — The hope is to convince people to believe that if they can have the products, then they can have the cool, happy lifestyles of their heroes, too.

3 — Nowadays, many TV adverts have become more like soap operas with a series of humorous adventures complete with their own cast.

4 — Some advertising companies even employ 'cool hunters' or marketing professionals to find out for them exactly what young people find cool.


A few years ago, a company called Space Marketing came up with a plan to send a mile-long advertisement into space. Using light reflected from the sun, it would beam out a message as large as the moon that could be seen by every single person on the planet as it orbited the Earth.

This would have been one advert that couldn't have been thrown out with the junk mail or switched off by remote control. (A43)___ Advertising standards agencies eventually decided not to allow Space Marketing to go ahead with their plans and they were forced to abandon them, but not before several major companies had made serious enquiries about launching their logos into space.

Space may indeed be the final frontier for advertisers, because on Earth we are already surrounded by advertising wherever we are and whatever we are doing. (A44)___ There are the promises of health and vitality on the cereal packet weate from this morning, for example, and the ad that we saw on the side of the bus we caught to work. Most of the time, we are probably not even aware of these less obvious advertising tactics, but that doesn't mean that they aren't effective. (A45)___ You are in a packed cinema, watching the latest Hollywood blockbuster. There are adverts before the film or during a break in the film, but are there any during the film? Well, look carefully at the make of car your favourite actor is driving. And what about his watch? Can you see what brand it is? Chances are, you can, and the company that owns the brand is likely to have paid thousands for it to appear in the film.

Whilst products are most often placed' in this way in movies and TV series, they also sometimes appear in music videos, video games, plays and even books. (A46)___ You may not realise you are being influenced by a technique that sounds so simple, but advertisers consider product placement to be a highly effective form of advertising. After all, they would not be willing to spend as much money as they do on it if they didn't truly believe it worked.

In fact, associating products with cool, exciting lives seems to be one of the most common forms of advertising. (A47)___

And let's not forget the power of pure entertainment (A48)___ If the consumers are looking forward to the next 'episode' of an ad, once again the product has become associated with something 'cool" and is therefore likely to See a considerable rise in popularity.

So, whether Space Marketing eventually succeeds in launching ads into space or not is perhaps a less important issue than it might seem.

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

11
Задание 47 № 407

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A47) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — To a certain extent, this would not change a thing.

2 — The hope is to convince people to believe that if they can have the products, then they can have the cool, happy lifestyles of their heroes, too.

3 — Nowadays, many TV adverts have become more like soap operas with a series of humorous adventures complete with their own cast.

4 — Some advertising companies even employ 'cool hunters' or marketing professionals to find out for them exactly what young people find cool.


A few years ago, a company called Space Marketing came up with a plan to send a mile-long advertisement into space. Using light reflected from the sun, it would beam out a message as large as the moon that could be seen by every single person on the planet as it orbited the Earth.

This would have been one advert that couldn't have been thrown out with the junk mail or switched off by remote control. (A43)___ Advertising standards agencies eventually decided not to allow Space Marketing to go ahead with their plans and they were forced to abandon them, but not before several major companies had made serious enquiries about launching their logos into space.

Space may indeed be the final frontier for advertisers, because on Earth we are already surrounded by advertising wherever we are and whatever we are doing. (A44)___ There are the promises of health and vitality on the cereal packet weate from this morning, for example, and the ad that we saw on the side of the bus we caught to work. Most of the time, we are probably not even aware of these less obvious advertising tactics, but that doesn't mean that they aren't effective. (A45)___ You are in a packed cinema, watching the latest Hollywood blockbuster. There are adverts before the film or during a break in the film, but are there any during the film? Well, look carefully at the make of car your favourite actor is driving. And what about his watch? Can you see what brand it is? Chances are, you can, and the company that owns the brand is likely to have paid thousands for it to appear in the film.

Whilst products are most often placed' in this way in movies and TV series, they also sometimes appear in music videos, video games, plays and even books. (A46)___ You may not realise you are being influenced by a technique that sounds so simple, but advertisers consider product placement to be a highly effective form of advertising. After all, they would not be willing to spend as much money as they do on it if they didn't truly believe it worked.

In fact, associating products with cool, exciting lives seems to be one of the most common forms of advertising. (A47)___

And let's not forget the power of pure entertainment (A48)___ If the consumers are looking forward to the next 'episode' of an ad, once again the product has become associated with something 'cool" and is therefore likely to See a considerable rise in popularity.

So, whether Space Marketing eventually succeeds in launching ads into space or not is perhaps a less important issue than it might seem.

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

12
Задание 48 № 408

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A48) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — To a certain extent, this would not change a thing.

2 — The hope is to convince people to believe that if they can have the products, then they can have the cool, happy lifestyles of their heroes, too.

3 — Nowadays, many TV adverts have become more like soap operas with a series of humorous adventures complete with their own cast.

4 — Some advertising companies even employ 'cool hunters' or marketing professionals to find out for them exactly what young people find cool.


A few years ago, a company called Space Marketing came up with a plan to send a mile-long advertisement into space. Using light reflected from the sun, it would beam out a message as large as the moon that could be seen by every single person on the planet as it orbited the Earth.

This would have been one advert that couldn't have been thrown out with the junk mail or switched off by remote control. (A43)___ Advertising standards agencies eventually decided not to allow Space Marketing to go ahead with their plans and they were forced to abandon them, but not before several major companies had made serious enquiries about launching their logos into space.

Space may indeed be the final frontier for advertisers, because on Earth we are already surrounded by advertising wherever we are and whatever we are doing. (A44)___ There are the promises of health and vitality on the cereal packet weate from this morning, for example, and the ad that we saw on the side of the bus we caught to work. Most of the time, we are probably not even aware of these less obvious advertising tactics, but that doesn't mean that they aren't effective. (A45)___ You are in a packed cinema, watching the latest Hollywood blockbuster. There are adverts before the film or during a break in the film, but are there any during the film? Well, look carefully at the make of car your favourite actor is driving. And what about his watch? Can you see what brand it is? Chances are, you can, and the company that owns the brand is likely to have paid thousands for it to appear in the film.

Whilst products are most often placed' in this way in movies and TV series, they also sometimes appear in music videos, video games, plays and even books. (A46)___ You may not realise you are being influenced by a technique that sounds so simple, but advertisers consider product placement to be a highly effective form of advertising. After all, they would not be willing to spend as much money as they do on it if they didn't truly believe it worked.

In fact, associating products with cool, exciting lives seems to be one of the most common forms of advertising. (A47)___

And let's not forget the power of pure entertainment (A48)___ If the consumers are looking forward to the next 'episode' of an ad, once again the product has become associated with something 'cool" and is therefore likely to See a considerable rise in popularity.

So, whether Space Marketing eventually succeeds in launching ads into space or not is perhaps a less important issue than it might seem.

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

13
Задание 43 № 463

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A43) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — Firstly, he said, we should try to include the background in an unusual way.

2 — Yet by myself I didn't have a clue how to go about getting some good shots.

3 — Some of the advice didn't work as well as I expected.

4 — How you position yourself is also really important.


Like most tourists, I enjoy taking photographs on holiday and can't wait to show them to friends and family when I get back. But whilst for me they represent treasured memories, to others they are more often than not simply a collection of boring, badly composed, out of focus pictures. So this year I decided to do something about this by booking myself on a trip to Rome which included photography lessons.

The first time I went to Rome, I remember thinking that it was a photographer's paradise with a fantastic photo opportunity lying around every corner. (A43) ___ Added to this was the fact that there were crowds of tourists everywhere, blocking all the best views. But this second time things were different. Antonio, my photography tutor, was on hand to give expert advice every step of the way.

The first thing Antonio told our group was that the secret to creating a good photographic image rather than just a snapshot is to first take a long look at what you want to photograph. For example, he said, you should consider the background just as much as you do the subject. (A44) ___ You can get unwanted figures out of your image simply by getting down on your knees to take a picture, for instance, or changing the angle of the shot.

Our first port of call was Piazza Navona, where Antonio gave us advice about how to photograph the Fountain of Neptune. (A45) ___ Then, he added that we should take the photo with the fountain slightly off centre.

Next, we headed off to the Pantheon, which was originally an ancient Roman temple. Along the way, I took the opportunity to photograph anything that caught my eye. The Pantheon itself is so huge that it is impossible to take a good photograph of the whole thing. (A46) ___ I tried out this technique by lying down on the floor and taking a picture of just one section of the great domed ceiling. I was pretty pleased with the results.

For the next couple of hours, we wandered around the historic centre visiting many of Rome's architectural highlights. (A47) ___ And I felt that I was really able to appreciate the sights as I had to look at each one so carefully in order to get good pictures.

We finished off our first morning tour with a stop at a traditional Roman street café. After all the hard work and walking I'd done, a large Italian ice cream seemed like the perfect reward! (A48) ___ It felt like a whole new world had opened up to me. I learnt an incredible amount over the next two days, as well as having a thoroughly enjoyable time in one of the world's most beautiful cities.

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

14
Задание 44 № 464

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A44) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — Firstly, he said, we should try to include the background in an unusual way.

2 — Yet by myself I didn't have a clue how to go about getting some good shots.

3 — Some of the advice didn't work as well as I expected.

4 — How you position yourself is also really important.


Like most tourists, I enjoy taking photographs on holiday and can't wait to show them to friends and family when I get back. But whilst for me they represent treasured memories, to others they are more often than not simply a collection of boring, badly composed, out of focus pictures. So this year I decided to do something about this by booking myself on a trip to Rome which included photography lessons.

The first time I went to Rome, I remember thinking that it was a photographer's paradise with a fantastic photo opportunity lying around every corner. (A43) ___ Added to this was the fact that there were crowds of tourists everywhere, blocking all the best views. But this second time things were different. Antonio, my photography tutor, was on hand to give expert advice every step of the way.

The first thing Antonio told our group was that the secret to creating a good photographic image rather than just a snapshot is to first take a long look at what you want to photograph. For example, he said, you should consider the background just as much as you do the subject. (A44) ___ You can get unwanted figures out of your image simply by getting down on your knees to take a picture, for instance, or changing the angle of the shot.

Our first port of call was Piazza Navona, where Antonio gave us advice about how to photograph the Fountain of Neptune. (A45) ___ Then, he added that we should take the photo with the fountain slightly off centre.

Next, we headed off to the Pantheon, which was originally an ancient Roman temple. Along the way, I took the opportunity to photograph anything that caught my eye. The Pantheon itself is so huge that it is impossible to take a good photograph of the whole thing. (A46) ___ I tried out this technique by lying down on the floor and taking a picture of just one section of the great domed ceiling. I was pretty pleased with the results.

For the next couple of hours, we wandered around the historic centre visiting many of Rome's architectural highlights. (A47) ___ And I felt that I was really able to appreciate the sights as I had to look at each one so carefully in order to get good pictures.

We finished off our first morning tour with a stop at a traditional Roman street café. After all the hard work and walking I'd done, a large Italian ice cream seemed like the perfect reward! (A48) ___ It felt like a whole new world had opened up to me. I learnt an incredible amount over the next two days, as well as having a thoroughly enjoyable time in one of the world's most beautiful cities.

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

15
Задание 45 № 465

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A45) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — Firstly, he said, we should try to include the background in an unusual way.

2 — Yet by myself I didn't have a clue how to go about getting some good shots.

3 — Some of the advice didn't work as well as I expected.

4 — How you position yourself is also really important.


Like most tourists, I enjoy taking photographs on holiday and can't wait to show them to friends and family when I get back. But whilst for me they represent treasured memories, to others they are more often than not simply a collection of boring, badly composed, out of focus pictures. So this year I decided to do something about this by booking myself on a trip to Rome which included photography lessons.

The first time I went to Rome, I remember thinking that it was a photographer's paradise with a fantastic photo opportunity lying around every corner. (A43) ___ Added to this was the fact that there were crowds of tourists everywhere, blocking all the best views. But this second time things were different. Antonio, my photography tutor, was on hand to give expert advice every step of the way.

The first thing Antonio told our group was that the secret to creating a good photographic image rather than just a snapshot is to first take a long look at what you want to photograph. For example, he said, you should consider the background just as much as you do the subject. (A44) ___ You can get unwanted figures out of your image simply by getting down on your knees to take a picture, for instance, or changing the angle of the shot.

Our first port of call was Piazza Navona, where Antonio gave us advice about how to photograph the Fountain of Neptune. (A45) ___ Then, he added that we should take the photo with the fountain slightly off centre.

Next, we headed off to the Pantheon, which was originally an ancient Roman temple. Along the way, I took the opportunity to photograph anything that caught my eye. The Pantheon itself is so huge that it is impossible to take a good photograph of the whole thing. (A46) ___ I tried out this technique by lying down on the floor and taking a picture of just one section of the great domed ceiling. I was pretty pleased with the results.

For the next couple of hours, we wandered around the historic centre visiting many of Rome's architectural highlights. (A47) ___ And I felt that I was really able to appreciate the sights as I had to look at each one so carefully in order to get good pictures.

We finished off our first morning tour with a stop at a traditional Roman street café. After all the hard work and walking I'd done, a large Italian ice cream seemed like the perfect reward! (A48) ___ It felt like a whole new world had opened up to me. I learnt an incredible amount over the next two days, as well as having a thoroughly enjoyable time in one of the world's most beautiful cities.

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

16
Задание 46 № 466

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A46) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — I didn't get at all tired, even though I was on my feet for such a long time.

2 — According to Antonio, however, it's much better to try to find one interesting detail.

3 — Afterwards, feeling refreshed, I spent the rest of the afternoon alone practising my new skills.

4 — It just goes to show that it is not the equipment that counts but how you use it.


Like most tourists, I enjoy taking photographs on holiday and can't wait to show them to friends and family when I get back. But whilst for me they represent treasured memories, to others they are more often than not simply a collection of boring, badly composed, out of focus pictures. So this year I decided to do something about this by booking myself on a trip to Rome which included photography lessons.

The first time I went to Rome, I remember thinking that it was a photographer's paradise with a fantastic photo opportunity lying around every corner. (A43) ___ Added to this was the fact that there were crowds of tourists everywhere, blocking all the best views. But this second time things were different. Antonio, my photography tutor, was on hand to give expert advice every step of the way.

The first thing Antonio told our group was that the secret to creating a good photographic image rather than just a snapshot is to first take a long look at what you want to photograph. For example, he said, you should consider the background just as much as you do the subject. (A44) ___ You can get unwanted figures out of your image simply by getting down on your knees to take a picture, for instance, or changing the angle of the shot.

Our first port of call was Piazza Navona, where Antonio gave us advice about how to photograph the Fountain of Neptune. (A45) ___ Then, he added that we should take the photo with the fountain slightly off centre.

Next, we headed off to the Pantheon, which was originally an ancient Roman temple. Along the way, I took the opportunity to photograph anything that caught my eye. The Pantheon itself is so huge that it is impossible to take a good photograph of the whole thing. (A46) ___ I tried out this technique by lying down on the floor and taking a picture of just one section of the great domed ceiling. I was pretty pleased with the results.

For the next couple of hours, we wandered around the historic centre visiting many of Rome's architectural highlights. (A47) ___ And I felt that I was really able to appreciate the sights as I had to look at each one so carefully in order to get good pictures.

We finished off our first morning tour with a stop at a traditional Roman street café. After all the hard work and walking I'd done, a large Italian ice cream seemed like the perfect reward! (A48) ___ It felt like a whole new world had opened up to me. I learnt an incredible amount over the next two days, as well as having a thoroughly enjoyable time in one of the world's most beautiful cities.

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

17
Задание 47 № 467

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A47) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — I didn't get at all tired, even though I was on my feet for such a long time.

2 — According to Antonio, however, it's much better to try to find one interesting detail.

3 — Afterwards, feeling refreshed, I spent the rest of the afternoon alone practising my new skills.

4 — It just goes to show that it is not the equipment that counts but how you use it.


Like most tourists, I enjoy taking photographs on holiday and can't wait to show them to friends and family when I get back. But whilst for me they represent treasured memories, to others they are more often than not simply a collection of boring, badly composed, out of focus pictures. So this year I decided to do something about this by booking myself on a trip to Rome which included photography lessons.

The first time I went to Rome, I remember thinking that it was a photographer's paradise with a fantastic photo opportunity lying around every corner. (A43) ___ Added to this was the fact that there were crowds of tourists everywhere, blocking all the best views. But this second time things were different. Antonio, my photography tutor, was on hand to give expert advice every step of the way.

The first thing Antonio told our group was that the secret to creating a good photographic image rather than just a snapshot is to first take a long look at what you want to photograph. For example, he said, you should consider the background just as much as you do the subject. (A44) ___ You can get unwanted figures out of your image simply by getting down on your knees to take a picture, for instance, or changing the angle of the shot.

Our first port of call was Piazza Navona, where Antonio gave us advice about how to photograph the Fountain of Neptune. (A45) ___ Then, he added that we should take the photo with the fountain slightly off centre.

Next, we headed off to the Pantheon, which was originally an ancient Roman temple. Along the way, I took the opportunity to photograph anything that caught my eye. The Pantheon itself is so huge that it is impossible to take a good photograph of the whole thing. (A46) ___ I tried out this technique by lying down on the floor and taking a picture of just one section of the great domed ceiling. I was pretty pleased with the results.

For the next couple of hours, we wandered around the historic centre visiting many of Rome's architectural highlights. (A47) ___ And I felt that I was really able to appreciate the sights as I had to look at each one so carefully in order to get good pictures.

We finished off our first morning tour with a stop at a traditional Roman street café. After all the hard work and walking I'd done, a large Italian ice cream seemed like the perfect reward! (A48) ___ It felt like a whole new world had opened up to me. I learnt an incredible amount over the next two days, as well as having a thoroughly enjoyable time in one of the world's most beautiful cities.

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

18
Задание 48 № 468

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A48) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — I didn't get at all tired, even though I was on my feet for such a long time.

2 — According to Antonio, however, it's much better to try to find one interesting detail.

3 — Afterwards, feeling refreshed, I spent the rest of the afternoon alone practising my new skills.

4 — It just goes to show that it is not the equipment that counts but how you use it.


Like most tourists, I enjoy taking photographs on holiday and can't wait to show them to friends and family when I get back. But whilst for me they represent treasured memories, to others they are more often than not simply a collection of boring, badly composed, out of focus pictures. So this year I decided to do something about this by booking myself on a trip to Rome which included photography lessons.

The first time I went to Rome, I remember thinking that it was a photographer's paradise with a fantastic photo opportunity lying around every corner. (A43) ___ Added to this was the fact that there were crowds of tourists everywhere, blocking all the best views. But this second time things were different. Antonio, my photography tutor, was on hand to give expert advice every step of the way.

The first thing Antonio told our group was that the secret to creating a good photographic image rather than just a snapshot is to first take a long look at what you want to photograph. For example, he said, you should consider the background just as much as you do the subject. (A44) ___ You can get unwanted figures out of your image simply by getting down on your knees to take a picture, for instance, or changing the angle of the shot.

Our first port of call was Piazza Navona, where Antonio gave us advice about how to photograph the Fountain of Neptune. (A45) ___ Then, he added that we should take the photo with the fountain slightly off centre.

Next, we headed off to the Pantheon, which was originally an ancient Roman temple. Along the way, I took the opportunity to photograph anything that caught my eye. The Pantheon itself is so huge that it is impossible to take a good photograph of the whole thing. (A46) ___ I tried out this technique by lying down on the floor and taking a picture of just one section of the great domed ceiling. I was pretty pleased with the results.

For the next couple of hours, we wandered around the historic centre visiting many of Rome's architectural highlights. (A47) ___ And I felt that I was really able to appreciate the sights as I had to look at each one so carefully in order to get good pictures.

We finished off our first morning tour with a stop at a traditional Roman street café. After all the hard work and walking I'd done, a large Italian ice cream seemed like the perfect reward! (A48) ___ It felt like a whole new world had opened up to me. I learnt an incredible amount over the next two days, as well as having a thoroughly enjoyable time in one of the world's most beautiful cities.

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

19
Задание 43 № 523

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A43) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов. Один фрагмент является лишним.

 

1 — There the officers receive intensive instruction in all areas related to solving major crime.

2 — In fact, it is nothing like it used to be.

3 — Last but not least, a high degree of patience is an absolute must as, believe it or not, crime investigation can often be a very lengthy and boring process.

4 — During this time, the officer learns all the basics of general police work.


Wayback in 1828, the world's first modern police force was created by Sir Robert Peel. The Metropolitan Police Force of London made its home at the famous Scotland Yard and quickly became the model for police forces around the world. But it would be another decade before the Detective Branch of Scotland Yard was set up. This branch later became the Criminal Investigation Department (commonly known as C.I.D) and to this day remains the main police department in Britain responsible for major crime investigation.

Becoming a plain clothes detective in the C.I.D is no easy task. Firstly, a police officer needs to have served for at least two years as a uniformed officer. (A43) ___ Once this period has been completed the officer can then apply to go to a detective training school. However, there's no guarantee they will be accepted.

In order to become a detective, an officer needs to possess a wide range of skills and qualities, the most obvious being complete honesty and good character. They also need to be highly observant and to have good judgement. (A44) ___ An officer with all these skills could more than likely find themselves being accepted to train as a detective. Most of these "detectives-to-be' discover that the really hard work begins once they get to the training school. (A45) ___ For instance, they will have to learn about psychology, which will come in handy when they are questioning suspects and witnesses. Perhaps the most difficult subjects though deal with learning all about the modem scientific methods now used in crime detection.

Once our future Sherlocks have completed their initial training, they begin life as detective constables and start working on unsolved crime cases in the C.I.D. Most of the work they do is not nearly as glamorous as it seems on TV and in novels. (A46) ___ Not exactly exciting, but essential duties all the same.

Apart from having to do painstaking investigative work, detectives also have a lot of paperwork to deal with. (A47) ___ Every detail of a crime and its investigation must be recorded. Most detectives find the amount of clerical work they have to do the most frustrating part of their job.

Nonetheless, it can be a very rewarding job; a detective gets great satisfaction knowing they have solved a major crime. However, a detective's job is still not over after a suspect has been arrested and charged. (A48) ___ Only when the offender is actually behind bars is the detective's goal achieved. Then there's always the next case to tackle, of course.

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

20
Задание 44 № 524

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A44) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов. Один фрагмент является лишним.

 

1 — There the officers receive intensive instruction in all areas related to solving major crime.

2 — In fact, it is nothing like it used to be.

3 — Last but not least, a high degree of patience is an absolute must as, believe it or not, crime investigation can often be a very lengthy and boring process.

4 — During this time, the officer learns all the basics of general police work.


Wayback in 1828, the world's first modern police force was created by Sir Robert Peel. The Metropolitan Police Force of London made its home at the famous Scotland Yard and quickly became the model for police forces around the world. But it would be another decade before the Detective Branch of Scotland Yard was set up. This branch later became the Criminal Investigation Department (commonly known as C.I.D) and to this day remains the main police department in Britain responsible for major crime investigation.

Becoming a plain clothes detective in the C.I.D is no easy task. Firstly, a police officer needs to have served for at least two years as a uniformed officer. (A43) ___ Once this period has been completed the officer can then apply to go to a detective training school. However, there's no guarantee they will be accepted.

In order to become a detective, an officer needs to possess a wide range of skills and qualities, the most obvious being complete honesty and good character. They also need to be highly observant and to have good judgement. (A44) ___ An officer with all these skills could more than likely find themselves being accepted to train as a detective. Most of these "detectives-to-be' discover that the really hard work begins once they get to the training school. (A45) ___ For instance, they will have to learn about psychology, which will come in handy when they are questioning suspects and witnesses. Perhaps the most difficult subjects though deal with learning all about the modem scientific methods now used in crime detection.

Once our future Sherlocks have completed their initial training, they begin life as detective constables and start working on unsolved crime cases in the C.I.D. Most of the work they do is not nearly as glamorous as it seems on TV and in novels. (A46) ___ Not exactly exciting, but essential duties all the same.

Apart from having to do painstaking investigative work, detectives also have a lot of paperwork to deal with. (A47) ___ Every detail of a crime and its investigation must be recorded. Most detectives find the amount of clerical work they have to do the most frustrating part of their job.

Nonetheless, it can be a very rewarding job; a detective gets great satisfaction knowing they have solved a major crime. However, a detective's job is still not over after a suspect has been arrested and charged. (A48) ___ Only when the offender is actually behind bars is the detective's goal achieved. Then there's always the next case to tackle, of course.

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

21
Задание 45 № 525

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A45) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов. Один фрагмент является лишним.

 

1 — There the officers receive intensive instruction in all areas related to solving major crime.

2 — In fact, it is nothing like it used to be.

3 — Last but not least, a high degree of patience is an absolute must as, believe it or not, crime investigation can often be a very lengthy and boring process.

4 — During this time, the officer learns all the basics of general police work.


Wayback in 1828, the world's first modern police force was created by Sir Robert Peel. The Metropolitan Police Force of London made its home at the famous Scotland Yard and quickly became the model for police forces around the world. But it would be another decade before the Detective Branch of Scotland Yard was set up. This branch later became the Criminal Investigation Department (commonly known as C.I.D) and to this day remains the main police department in Britain responsible for major crime investigation.

Becoming a plain clothes detective in the C.I.D is no easy task. Firstly, a police officer needs to have served for at least two years as a uniformed officer. (A43) ___ Once this period has been completed the officer can then apply to go to a detective training school. However, there's no guarantee they will be accepted.

In order to become a detective, an officer needs to possess a wide range of skills and qualities, the most obvious being complete honesty and good character. They also need to be highly observant and to have good judgement. (A44) ___ An officer with all these skills could more than likely find themselves being accepted to train as a detective. Most of these "detectives-to-be' discover that the really hard work begins once they get to the training school. (A45) ___ For instance, they will have to learn about psychology, which will come in handy when they are questioning suspects and witnesses. Perhaps the most difficult subjects though deal with learning all about the modem scientific methods now used in crime detection.

Once our future Sherlocks have completed their initial training, they begin life as detective constables and start working on unsolved crime cases in the C.I.D. Most of the work they do is not nearly as glamorous as it seems on TV and in novels. (A46) ___ Not exactly exciting, but essential duties all the same.

Apart from having to do painstaking investigative work, detectives also have a lot of paperwork to deal with. (A47) ___ Every detail of a crime and its investigation must be recorded. Most detectives find the amount of clerical work they have to do the most frustrating part of their job.

Nonetheless, it can be a very rewarding job; a detective gets great satisfaction knowing they have solved a major crime. However, a detective's job is still not over after a suspect has been arrested and charged. (A48) ___ Only when the offender is actually behind bars is the detective's goal achieved. Then there's always the next case to tackle, of course.

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

22
Задание 46 № 526

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A46) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов. Один фрагмент является лишним.

 

1 — For every investigation, forms have to be filled in and reports written.

2 — In addition to catching criminals, they have to give evidence in court.

3 — Detectives still have to ask questions and find answers.

4 — Typical boring tasks include going house to house asking questions or searching carefully through a suspect's phone records for clues to a crime.


Wayback in 1828, the world's first modern police force was created by Sir Robert Peel. The Metropolitan Police Force of London made its home at the famous Scotland Yard and quickly became the model for police forces around the world. But it would be another decade before the Detective Branch of Scotland Yard was set up. This branch later became the Criminal Investigation Department (commonly known as C.I.D) and to this day remains the main police department in Britain responsible for major crime investigation.

Becoming a plain clothes detective in the C.I.D is no easy task. Firstly, a police officer needs to have served for at least two years as a uniformed officer. (A43) ___ Once this period has been completed the officer can then apply to go to a detective training school. However, there's no guarantee they will be accepted.

In order to become a detective, an officer needs to possess a wide range of skills and qualities, the most obvious being complete honesty and good character. They also need to be highly observant and to have good judgement. (A44) ___ An officer with all these skills could more than likely find themselves being accepted to train as a detective. Most of these "detectives-to-be' discover that the really hard work begins once they get to the training school. (A45) ___ For instance, they will have to learn about psychology, which will come in handy when they are questioning suspects and witnesses. Perhaps the most difficult subjects though deal with learning all about the modem scientific methods now used in crime detection.

Once our future Sherlocks have completed their initial training, they begin life as detective constables and start working on unsolved crime cases in the C.I.D. Most of the work they do is not nearly as glamorous as it seems on TV and in novels. (A46) ___ Not exactly exciting, but essential duties all the same.

Apart from having to do painstaking investigative work, detectives also have a lot of paperwork to deal with. (A47) ___ Every detail of a crime and its investigation must be recorded. Most detectives find the amount of clerical work they have to do the most frustrating part of their job.

Nonetheless, it can be a very rewarding job; a detective gets great satisfaction knowing they have solved a major crime. However, a detective's job is still not over after a suspect has been arrested and charged. (A48) ___ Only when the offender is actually behind bars is the detective's goal achieved. Then there's always the next case to tackle, of course.

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

23
Задание 47 № 527

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A47) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов. Один фрагмент является лишним.

 

1 — For every investigation, forms have to be filled in and reports written.

2 — In addition to catching criminals, they have to give evidence in court.

3 — Detectives still have to ask questions and find answers.

4 — Typical boring tasks include going house to house asking questions or searching carefully through a suspect's phone records for clues to a crime.


Wayback in 1828, the world's first modern police force was created by Sir Robert Peel. The Metropolitan Police Force of London made its home at the famous Scotland Yard and quickly became the model for police forces around the world. But it would be another decade before the Detective Branch of Scotland Yard was set up. This branch later became the Criminal Investigation Department (commonly known as C.I.D) and to this day remains the main police department in Britain responsible for major crime investigation.

Becoming a plain clothes detective in the C.I.D is no easy task. Firstly, a police officer needs to have served for at least two years as a uniformed officer. (A43) ___ Once this period has been completed the officer can then apply to go to a detective training school. However, there's no guarantee they will be accepted.

In order to become a detective, an officer needs to possess a wide range of skills and qualities, the most obvious being complete honesty and good character. They also need to be highly observant and to have good judgement. (A44) ___ An officer with all these skills could more than likely find themselves being accepted to train as a detective. Most of these "detectives-to-be' discover that the really hard work begins once they get to the training school. (A45) ___ For instance, they will have to learn about psychology, which will come in handy when they are questioning suspects and witnesses. Perhaps the most difficult subjects though deal with learning all about the modem scientific methods now used in crime detection.

Once our future Sherlocks have completed their initial training, they begin life as detective constables and start working on unsolved crime cases in the C.I.D. Most of the work they do is not nearly as glamorous as it seems on TV and in novels. (A46) ___ Not exactly exciting, but essential duties all the same.

Apart from having to do painstaking investigative work, detectives also have a lot of paperwork to deal with. (A47) ___ Every detail of a crime and its investigation must be recorded. Most detectives find the amount of clerical work they have to do the most frustrating part of their job.

Nonetheless, it can be a very rewarding job; a detective gets great satisfaction knowing they have solved a major crime. However, a detective's job is still not over after a suspect has been arrested and charged. (A48) ___ Only when the offender is actually behind bars is the detective's goal achieved. Then there's always the next case to tackle, of course.

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

24
Задание 48 № 528

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A48) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов. Один фрагмент является лишним.

 

1 — For every investigation, forms have to be filled in and reports written.

2 — In addition to catching criminals, they have to give evidence in court.

3 — Detectives still have to ask questions and find answers.

4 — Typical boring tasks include going house to house asking questions or searching carefully through a suspect's phone records for clues to a crime.


Wayback in 1828, the world's first modern police force was created by Sir Robert Peel. The Metropolitan Police Force of London made its home at the famous Scotland Yard and quickly became the model for police forces around the world. But it would be another decade before the Detective Branch of Scotland Yard was set up. This branch later became the Criminal Investigation Department (commonly known as C.I.D) and to this day remains the main police department in Britain responsible for major crime investigation.

Becoming a plain clothes detective in the C.I.D is no easy task. Firstly, a police officer needs to have served for at least two years as a uniformed officer. (A43) ___ Once this period has been completed the officer can then apply to go to a detective training school. However, there's no guarantee they will be accepted.

In order to become a detective, an officer needs to possess a wide range of skills and qualities, the most obvious being complete honesty and good character. They also need to be highly observant and to have good judgement. (A44) ___ An officer with all these skills could more than likely find themselves being accepted to train as a detective. Most of these "detectives-to-be' discover that the really hard work begins once they get to the training school. (A45) ___ For instance, they will have to learn about psychology, which will come in handy when they are questioning suspects and witnesses. Perhaps the most difficult subjects though deal with learning all about the modem scientific methods now used in crime detection.

Once our future Sherlocks have completed their initial training, they begin life as detective constables and start working on unsolved crime cases in the C.I.D. Most of the work they do is not nearly as glamorous as it seems on TV and in novels. (A46) ___ Not exactly exciting, but essential duties all the same.

Apart from having to do painstaking investigative work, detectives also have a lot of paperwork to deal with. (A47) ___ Every detail of a crime and its investigation must be recorded. Most detectives find the amount of clerical work they have to do the most frustrating part of their job.

Nonetheless, it can be a very rewarding job; a detective gets great satisfaction knowing they have solved a major crime. However, a detective's job is still not over after a suspect has been arrested and charged. (A48) ___ Only when the offender is actually behind bars is the detective's goal achieved. Then there's always the next case to tackle, of course.

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

25
Задание 43 № 583

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A43) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — I think the most valuable piece of advice I can give them is never to throw anything away.

2 — The contents had to be washed, ironed and sorted.

3 — Eric and I managed to persuade them to provide ones for clothes, too.

4 — You might think this would be a relatively easy task.


It was back in 1995, when my husband Eric was working as a rubbish collector for the local town council, that I first got the idea of recycling clothes. He would frequently find bags of perfectly good clothes just thrown into the rubbish. I wondered if I would be able to do something with them which would make money for me and perhaps even help the community at the same time. I decided to give it a try.

The first thing I did was to place an advertisement in the newspaper inviting people in the neighbourhood to bring me their second-hand clothing, shoes and bedding instead of throwing them away. Within a week, our garage was bursting with black plastic bags. (A43) ___ This kept me busy for weeks.

At the same time, I was also looking for a shop to rent where I could sell these items. (A44) ___ But it wasn't until I contacted Adventure, an organisation which helps people to set up their own businesses, that I finally got the assistance I needed. They helped me find the right shop and gave me advice about getting a business loan to get me started. That's how Second Best was born.

For my idea to work, I was going to need a steady supply of clothes. The town council already had recycling bins for paper, glass and the like. (A45) ___ I was able to make arrangements to have the clothes collected and brought to my shop, where I had installed laundry facilities to cope with all the washloads I needed to do!

It wasn't only making money in the shop that interested me, though. I was still eager for the community to benefit from my idea, too, so I started to find ways that the large quantities of very old or damaged clothing that I couldn't sell in the shop could be put to use. (A46) ___ Some of the old clothing is now turned into bandages for hospitals, for example, while one school in the area asks for old jeans to make into lunch bags.

Adventure believes in encouraging people by giving an annual Special Merit Award to the most successful new business they have helped. (A47) ___ Not only had I helped so many others, they said, but I had also had to overcome a difficulty. In 2000, my shop had been destroyed by fire and I had had to start the business all over again from Scratch.

Getting back on track wasn't easy. Not only did I have to search for another shop to rent, but I also had to spend time building up new stocks of clothes, as nearly all of the original stock had been destroyed. (A48) ___ Otherwise, I would have been forced to call it a day.

Today, twelve years after I first started up, Second Best is a very successful small business.

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

26
Задание 44 № 584

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A44) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — I think the most valuable piece of advice I can give them is never to throw anything away.

2 — The contents had to be washed, ironed and sorted.

3 — Eric and I managed to persuade them to provide ones for clothes, too.

4 — You might think this would be a relatively easy task.


It was back in 1995, when my husband Eric was working as a rubbish collector for the local town council, that I first got the idea of recycling clothes. He would frequently find bags of perfectly good clothes just thrown into the rubbish. I wondered if I would be able to do something with them which would make money for me and perhaps even help the community at the same time. I decided to give it a try.

The first thing I did was to place an advertisement in the newspaper inviting people in the neighbourhood to bring me their second-hand clothing, shoes and bedding instead of throwing them away. Within a week, our garage was bursting with black plastic bags. (A43) ___ This kept me busy for weeks.

At the same time, I was also looking for a shop to rent where I could sell these items. (A44) ___ But it wasn't until I contacted Adventure, an organisation which helps people to set up their own businesses, that I finally got the assistance I needed. They helped me find the right shop and gave me advice about getting a business loan to get me started. That's how Second Best was born.

For my idea to work, I was going to need a steady supply of clothes. The town council already had recycling bins for paper, glass and the like. (A45) ___ I was able to make arrangements to have the clothes collected and brought to my shop, where I had installed laundry facilities to cope with all the washloads I needed to do!

It wasn't only making money in the shop that interested me, though. I was still eager for the community to benefit from my idea, too, so I started to find ways that the large quantities of very old or damaged clothing that I couldn't sell in the shop could be put to use. (A46) ___ Some of the old clothing is now turned into bandages for hospitals, for example, while one school in the area asks for old jeans to make into lunch bags.

Adventure believes in encouraging people by giving an annual Special Merit Award to the most successful new business they have helped. (A47) ___ Not only had I helped so many others, they said, but I had also had to overcome a difficulty. In 2000, my shop had been destroyed by fire and I had had to start the business all over again from Scratch.

Getting back on track wasn't easy. Not only did I have to search for another shop to rent, but I also had to spend time building up new stocks of clothes, as nearly all of the original stock had been destroyed. (A48) ___ Otherwise, I would have been forced to call it a day.

Today, twelve years after I first started up, Second Best is a very successful small business.

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

27
Задание 45 № 585

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A45) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — I think the most valuable piece of advice I can give them is never to throw anything away.

2 — The contents had to be washed, ironed and sorted.

3 — Eric and I managed to persuade them to provide ones for clothes, too.

4 — You might think this would be a relatively easy task.


It was back in 1995, when my husband Eric was working as a rubbish collector for the local town council, that I first got the idea of recycling clothes. He would frequently find bags of perfectly good clothes just thrown into the rubbish. I wondered if I would be able to do something with them which would make money for me and perhaps even help the community at the same time. I decided to give it a try.

The first thing I did was to place an advertisement in the newspaper inviting people in the neighbourhood to bring me their second-hand clothing, shoes and bedding instead of throwing them away. Within a week, our garage was bursting with black plastic bags. (A43) ___ This kept me busy for weeks.

At the same time, I was also looking for a shop to rent where I could sell these items. (A44) ___ But it wasn't until I contacted Adventure, an organisation which helps people to set up their own businesses, that I finally got the assistance I needed. They helped me find the right shop and gave me advice about getting a business loan to get me started. That's how Second Best was born.

For my idea to work, I was going to need a steady supply of clothes. The town council already had recycling bins for paper, glass and the like. (A45) ___ I was able to make arrangements to have the clothes collected and brought to my shop, where I had installed laundry facilities to cope with all the washloads I needed to do!

It wasn't only making money in the shop that interested me, though. I was still eager for the community to benefit from my idea, too, so I started to find ways that the large quantities of very old or damaged clothing that I couldn't sell in the shop could be put to use. (A46) ___ Some of the old clothing is now turned into bandages for hospitals, for example, while one school in the area asks for old jeans to make into lunch bags.

Adventure believes in encouraging people by giving an annual Special Merit Award to the most successful new business they have helped. (A47) ___ Not only had I helped so many others, they said, but I had also had to overcome a difficulty. In 2000, my shop had been destroyed by fire and I had had to start the business all over again from Scratch.

Getting back on track wasn't easy. Not only did I have to search for another shop to rent, but I also had to spend time building up new stocks of clothes, as nearly all of the original stock had been destroyed. (A48) ___ Otherwise, I would have been forced to call it a day.

Today, twelve years after I first started up, Second Best is a very successful small business.

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

28
Задание 46 № 586

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A46) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — In 2002, my turn came around.

2 — Once I had learnt the basic principles of managing my own business, I never looked back, they said.

3 — Once again, though, Adventure came to my aid, providing me with financial support through this difficult time.

4 — It turned out that there were plenty!


It was back in 1995, when my husband Eric was working as a rubbish collector for the local town council, that I first got the idea of recycling clothes. He would frequently find bags of perfectly good clothes just thrown into the rubbish. I wondered if I would be able to do something with them which would make money for me and perhaps even help the community at the same time. I decided to give it a try.

The first thing I did was to place an advertisement in the newspaper inviting people in the neighbourhood to bring me their second-hand clothing, shoes and bedding instead of throwing them away. Within a week, our garage was bursting with black plastic bags. (A43) ___ This kept me busy for weeks.

At the same time, I was also looking for a shop to rent where I could sell these items. (A44) ___ But it wasn't until I contacted Adventure, an organisation which helps people to set up their own businesses, that I finally got the assistance I needed. They helped me find the right shop and gave me advice about getting a business loan to get me started. That's how Second Best was born.

For my idea to work, I was going to need a steady supply of clothes. The town council already had recycling bins for paper, glass and the like. (A45) ___ I was able to make arrangements to have the clothes collected and brought to my shop, where I had installed laundry facilities to cope with all the washloads I needed to do!

It wasn't only making money in the shop that interested me, though. I was still eager for the community to benefit from my idea, too, so I started to find ways that the large quantities of very old or damaged clothing that I couldn't sell in the shop could be put to use. (A46) ___ Some of the old clothing is now turned into bandages for hospitals, for example, while one school in the area asks for old jeans to make into lunch bags.

Adventure believes in encouraging people by giving an annual Special Merit Award to the most successful new business they have helped. (A47) ___ Not only had I helped so many others, they said, but I had also had to overcome a difficulty. In 2000, my shop had been destroyed by fire and I had had to start the business all over again from Scratch.

Getting back on track wasn't easy. Not only did I have to search for another shop to rent, but I also had to spend time building up new stocks of clothes, as nearly all of the original stock had been destroyed. (A48) ___ Otherwise, I would have been forced to call it a day.

Today, twelve years after I first started up, Second Best is a very successful small business.

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

29
Задание 47 № 587

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A47) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — In 2002, my turn came around.

2 — Once I had learnt the basic principles of managing my own business, I never looked back, they said.

3 — Once again, though, Adventure came to my aid, providing me with financial support through this difficult time.

4 — It turned out that there were plenty!


It was back in 1995, when my husband Eric was working as a rubbish collector for the local town council, that I first got the idea of recycling clothes. He would frequently find bags of perfectly good clothes just thrown into the rubbish. I wondered if I would be able to do something with them which would make money for me and perhaps even help the community at the same time. I decided to give it a try.

The first thing I did was to place an advertisement in the newspaper inviting people in the neighbourhood to bring me their second-hand clothing, shoes and bedding instead of throwing them away. Within a week, our garage was bursting with black plastic bags. (A43) ___ This kept me busy for weeks.

At the same time, I was also looking for a shop to rent where I could sell these items. (A44) ___ But it wasn't until I contacted Adventure, an organisation which helps people to set up their own businesses, that I finally got the assistance I needed. They helped me find the right shop and gave me advice about getting a business loan to get me started. That's how Second Best was born.

For my idea to work, I was going to need a steady supply of clothes. The town council already had recycling bins for paper, glass and the like. (A45) ___ I was able to make arrangements to have the clothes collected and brought to my shop, where I had installed laundry facilities to cope with all the washloads I needed to do!

It wasn't only making money in the shop that interested me, though. I was still eager for the community to benefit from my idea, too, so I started to find ways that the large quantities of very old or damaged clothing that I couldn't sell in the shop could be put to use. (A46) ___ Some of the old clothing is now turned into bandages for hospitals, for example, while one school in the area asks for old jeans to make into lunch bags.

Adventure believes in encouraging people by giving an annual Special Merit Award to the most successful new business they have helped. (A47) ___ Not only had I helped so many others, they said, but I had also had to overcome a difficulty. In 2000, my shop had been destroyed by fire and I had had to start the business all over again from Scratch.

Getting back on track wasn't easy. Not only did I have to search for another shop to rent, but I also had to spend time building up new stocks of clothes, as nearly all of the original stock had been destroyed. (A48) ___ Otherwise, I would have been forced to call it a day.

Today, twelve years after I first started up, Second Best is a very successful small business.

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

30
Задание 48 № 588

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A48) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — In 2002, my turn came around.

2 — Once I had learnt the basic principles of managing my own business, I never looked back, they said.

3 — Once again, though, Adventure came to my aid, providing me with financial support through this difficult time.

4 — It turned out that there were plenty!


It was back in 1995, when my husband Eric was working as a rubbish collector for the local town council, that I first got the idea of recycling clothes. He would frequently find bags of perfectly good clothes just thrown into the rubbish. I wondered if I would be able to do something with them which would make money for me and perhaps even help the community at the same time. I decided to give it a try.

The first thing I did was to place an advertisement in the newspaper inviting people in the neighbourhood to bring me their second-hand clothing, shoes and bedding instead of throwing them away. Within a week, our garage was bursting with black plastic bags. (A43) ___ This kept me busy for weeks.

At the same time, I was also looking for a shop to rent where I could sell these items. (A44) ___ But it wasn't until I contacted Adventure, an organisation which helps people to set up their own businesses, that I finally got the assistance I needed. They helped me find the right shop and gave me advice about getting a business loan to get me started. That's how Second Best was born.

For my idea to work, I was going to need a steady supply of clothes. The town council already had recycling bins for paper, glass and the like. (A45) ___ I was able to make arrangements to have the clothes collected and brought to my shop, where I had installed laundry facilities to cope with all the washloads I needed to do!

It wasn't only making money in the shop that interested me, though. I was still eager for the community to benefit from my idea, too, so I started to find ways that the large quantities of very old or damaged clothing that I couldn't sell in the shop could be put to use. (A46) ___ Some of the old clothing is now turned into bandages for hospitals, for example, while one school in the area asks for old jeans to make into lunch bags.

Adventure believes in encouraging people by giving an annual Special Merit Award to the most successful new business they have helped. (A47) ___ Not only had I helped so many others, they said, but I had also had to overcome a difficulty. In 2000, my shop had been destroyed by fire and I had had to start the business all over again from Scratch.

Getting back on track wasn't easy. Not only did I have to search for another shop to rent, but I also had to spend time building up new stocks of clothes, as nearly all of the original stock had been destroyed. (A48) ___ Otherwise, I would have been forced to call it a day.

Today, twelve years after I first started up, Second Best is a very successful small business.

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

31
Задание 43 № 643

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A43) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — Then a contemporary dance company who were on tour staged a performance in our town, which I went to see.

2 — For this reason, I feel inspired to try having a similar job myself someday.

3 — What matters is using the act of moving as a means of expressing yourself.

4 — In London, there are literally thousands of highly talented performing artists of all kinds.


When you first meet Beatrice Smythe, you are struck by her wonderful smile and her well-toned muscles.

'Performing on stage is one of the most exciting experiences possible. All the nerves and fright you feel in the wings just melt away when you face the audience. Although you are aware of a sea of faces watching you, this is not what you concentrate on. (A43) ___ If you focus on this, then your dancing will look natural and unforced.'

So how did Beatrice get started? 'I began taking ballet lessons in a local school when I was six. My teachers felt I had talent but after 11 years of ballet, I realised I wanted to do something different. (A44) ___ That was it! I had never seen dancing like this before and immediately decided it was for me. The following year I was offered a place at a London contemporary dance school where I completed a three-year course.'

Today Beatrice is a permanent member of the Charmed Circle Dance Company. But was it a difficult transition from studies to career? 'I was warned that the competition would be fierce. (A45) ___ Applying for even the smallest part meant auditioning with dozens of others. Finally, I was lucky enough to be offered a trial period of one year with Charmed Circle, even though it meant working without pay. It was an extremely difficult period, as you can imagine.'

'I could have been tempted to join other dance companies on a temporary basis doing one-off paid performances. But this would have meant missing out on the chance to become part of the regular line-up of what is now one of Britain's leading contemporary dance companies.' (A46) ___ But Beatrice's ultimate ambition is to make it to America, where the ideas behind contemporary dance were first pioneered and developed.

When asked about what it takes to become a dancer, Beatrice didn't hesitate. 'You have to love what you're doing, you have to keep pushing yourself to the limit and you have to be slightly mad, tool (A47) ___ Most dancers will tell you how physically painful daily training can be. You also have to be extremely self-motivated'

So what does Beatrice particularly enjoy about contemporary dance?"Well, for one thing, contemporary movements are so different from those in other types of dance. In ballet, for example, the movements are strictly structured and you have to stick to them. In contemporary dance, however, the movements are more expressive and each have individual meanings in themselves. (A48) ___ This makes them very moving experiences both to perform and to watch.'

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

32
Задание 44 № 644

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A44) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — Then a contemporary dance company who were on tour staged a performance in our town, which I went to see.

2 — For this reason, I feel inspired to try having a similar job myself someday.

3 — What matters is using the act of moving as a means of expressing yourself.

4 — In London, there are literally thousands of highly talented performing artists of all kinds.


When you first meet Beatrice Smythe, you are struck by her wonderful smile and her well-toned muscles.

'Performing on stage is one of the most exciting experiences possible. All the nerves and fright you feel in the wings just melt away when you face the audience. Although you are aware of a sea of faces watching you, this is not what you concentrate on. (A43) ___ If you focus on this, then your dancing will look natural and unforced.'

So how did Beatrice get started? 'I began taking ballet lessons in a local school when I was six. My teachers felt I had talent but after 11 years of ballet, I realised I wanted to do something different. (A44) ___ That was it! I had never seen dancing like this before and immediately decided it was for me. The following year I was offered a place at a London contemporary dance school where I completed a three-year course.'

Today Beatrice is a permanent member of the Charmed Circle Dance Company. But was it a difficult transition from studies to career? 'I was warned that the competition would be fierce. (A45) ___ Applying for even the smallest part meant auditioning with dozens of others. Finally, I was lucky enough to be offered a trial period of one year with Charmed Circle, even though it meant working without pay. It was an extremely difficult period, as you can imagine.'

'I could have been tempted to join other dance companies on a temporary basis doing one-off paid performances. But this would have meant missing out on the chance to become part of the regular line-up of what is now one of Britain's leading contemporary dance companies.' (A46) ___ But Beatrice's ultimate ambition is to make it to America, where the ideas behind contemporary dance were first pioneered and developed.

When asked about what it takes to become a dancer, Beatrice didn't hesitate. 'You have to love what you're doing, you have to keep pushing yourself to the limit and you have to be slightly mad, tool (A47) ___ Most dancers will tell you how physically painful daily training can be. You also have to be extremely self-motivated'

So what does Beatrice particularly enjoy about contemporary dance?"Well, for one thing, contemporary movements are so different from those in other types of dance. In ballet, for example, the movements are strictly structured and you have to stick to them. In contemporary dance, however, the movements are more expressive and each have individual meanings in themselves. (A48) ___ This makes them very moving experiences both to perform and to watch.'

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

33
Задание 45 № 645

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A45) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — Then a contemporary dance company who were on tour staged a performance in our town, which I went to see.

2 — For this reason, I feel inspired to try having a similar job myself someday.

3 — What matters is using the act of moving as a means of expressing yourself.

4 — In London, there are literally thousands of highly talented performing artists of all kinds.


When you first meet Beatrice Smythe, you are struck by her wonderful smile and her well-toned muscles.

'Performing on stage is one of the most exciting experiences possible. All the nerves and fright you feel in the wings just melt away when you face the audience. Although you are aware of a sea of faces watching you, this is not what you concentrate on. (A43) ___ If you focus on this, then your dancing will look natural and unforced.'

So how did Beatrice get started? 'I began taking ballet lessons in a local school when I was six. My teachers felt I had talent but after 11 years of ballet, I realised I wanted to do something different. (A44) ___ That was it! I had never seen dancing like this before and immediately decided it was for me. The following year I was offered a place at a London contemporary dance school where I completed a three-year course.'

Today Beatrice is a permanent member of the Charmed Circle Dance Company. But was it a difficult transition from studies to career? 'I was warned that the competition would be fierce. (A45) ___ Applying for even the smallest part meant auditioning with dozens of others. Finally, I was lucky enough to be offered a trial period of one year with Charmed Circle, even though it meant working without pay. It was an extremely difficult period, as you can imagine.'

'I could have been tempted to join other dance companies on a temporary basis doing one-off paid performances. But this would have meant missing out on the chance to become part of the regular line-up of what is now one of Britain's leading contemporary dance companies.' (A46) ___ But Beatrice's ultimate ambition is to make it to America, where the ideas behind contemporary dance were first pioneered and developed.

When asked about what it takes to become a dancer, Beatrice didn't hesitate. 'You have to love what you're doing, you have to keep pushing yourself to the limit and you have to be slightly mad, tool (A47) ___ Most dancers will tell you how physically painful daily training can be. You also have to be extremely self-motivated'

So what does Beatrice particularly enjoy about contemporary dance?"Well, for one thing, contemporary movements are so different from those in other types of dance. In ballet, for example, the movements are strictly structured and you have to stick to them. In contemporary dance, however, the movements are more expressive and each have individual meanings in themselves. (A48) ___ This makes them very moving experiences both to perform and to watch.'

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

34
Задание 46 № 646

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A46) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — Also, although the pieces don't tell a story in the way, say, a ballet does, they explore themes and issues related to our everyday lives.

2 — Charmed Circle regularly tours all the major cities at home and has also been to several European capitals, including Madrid, Prague and Berlin.

3 — Contemporary dance is often termed, more simply, modern dance, though some claim there are slight differences between them.

4 — Nobody would willingly put their bodies through what we do.


When you first meet Beatrice Smythe, you are struck by her wonderful smile and her well-toned muscles.

'Performing on stage is one of the most exciting experiences possible. All the nerves and fright you feel in the wings just melt away when you face the audience. Although you are aware of a sea of faces watching you, this is not what you concentrate on. (A43) ___ If you focus on this, then your dancing will look natural and unforced.'

So how did Beatrice get started? 'I began taking ballet lessons in a local school when I was six. My teachers felt I had talent but after 11 years of ballet, I realised I wanted to do something different. (A44) ___ That was it! I had never seen dancing like this before and immediately decided it was for me. The following year I was offered a place at a London contemporary dance school where I completed a three-year course.'

Today Beatrice is a permanent member of the Charmed Circle Dance Company. But was it a difficult transition from studies to career? 'I was warned that the competition would be fierce. (A45) ___ Applying for even the smallest part meant auditioning with dozens of others. Finally, I was lucky enough to be offered a trial period of one year with Charmed Circle, even though it meant working without pay. It was an extremely difficult period, as you can imagine.'

'I could have been tempted to join other dance companies on a temporary basis doing one-off paid performances. But this would have meant missing out on the chance to become part of the regular line-up of what is now one of Britain's leading contemporary dance companies.' (A46) ___ But Beatrice's ultimate ambition is to make it to America, where the ideas behind contemporary dance were first pioneered and developed.

When asked about what it takes to become a dancer, Beatrice didn't hesitate. 'You have to love what you're doing, you have to keep pushing yourself to the limit and you have to be slightly mad, tool (A47) ___ Most dancers will tell you how physically painful daily training can be. You also have to be extremely self-motivated'

So what does Beatrice particularly enjoy about contemporary dance?"Well, for one thing, contemporary movements are so different from those in other types of dance. In ballet, for example, the movements are strictly structured and you have to stick to them. In contemporary dance, however, the movements are more expressive and each have individual meanings in themselves. (A48) ___ This makes them very moving experiences both to perform and to watch.'

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

35
Задание 47 № 647

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A47) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — Also, although the pieces don't tell a story in the way, say, a ballet does, they explore themes and issues related to our everyday lives.

2 — Charmed Circle regularly tours all the major cities at home and has also been to several European capitals, including Madrid, Prague and Berlin.

3 — Contemporary dance is often termed, more simply, modern dance, though some claim there are slight differences between them.

4 — Nobody would willingly put their bodies through what we do.


When you first meet Beatrice Smythe, you are struck by her wonderful smile and her well-toned muscles.

'Performing on stage is one of the most exciting experiences possible. All the nerves and fright you feel in the wings just melt away when you face the audience. Although you are aware of a sea of faces watching you, this is not what you concentrate on. (A43) ___ If you focus on this, then your dancing will look natural and unforced.'

So how did Beatrice get started? 'I began taking ballet lessons in a local school when I was six. My teachers felt I had talent but after 11 years of ballet, I realised I wanted to do something different. (A44) ___ That was it! I had never seen dancing like this before and immediately decided it was for me. The following year I was offered a place at a London contemporary dance school where I completed a three-year course.'

Today Beatrice is a permanent member of the Charmed Circle Dance Company. But was it a difficult transition from studies to career? 'I was warned that the competition would be fierce. (A45) ___ Applying for even the smallest part meant auditioning with dozens of others. Finally, I was lucky enough to be offered a trial period of one year with Charmed Circle, even though it meant working without pay. It was an extremely difficult period, as you can imagine.'

'I could have been tempted to join other dance companies on a temporary basis doing one-off paid performances. But this would have meant missing out on the chance to become part of the regular line-up of what is now one of Britain's leading contemporary dance companies.' (A46) ___ But Beatrice's ultimate ambition is to make it to America, where the ideas behind contemporary dance were first pioneered and developed.

When asked about what it takes to become a dancer, Beatrice didn't hesitate. 'You have to love what you're doing, you have to keep pushing yourself to the limit and you have to be slightly mad, tool (A47) ___ Most dancers will tell you how physically painful daily training can be. You also have to be extremely self-motivated'

So what does Beatrice particularly enjoy about contemporary dance?"Well, for one thing, contemporary movements are so different from those in other types of dance. In ballet, for example, the movements are strictly structured and you have to stick to them. In contemporary dance, however, the movements are more expressive and each have individual meanings in themselves. (A48) ___ This makes them very moving experiences both to perform and to watch.'

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

36
Задание 48 № 648

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A48) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — Also, although the pieces don't tell a story in the way, say, a ballet does, they explore themes and issues related to our everyday lives.

2 — Charmed Circle regularly tours all the major cities at home and has also been to several European capitals, including Madrid, Prague and Berlin.

3 — Contemporary dance is often termed, more simply, modern dance, though some claim there are slight differences between them.

4 — Nobody would willingly put their bodies through what we do.


When you first meet Beatrice Smythe, you are struck by her wonderful smile and her well-toned muscles.

'Performing on stage is one of the most exciting experiences possible. All the nerves and fright you feel in the wings just melt away when you face the audience. Although you are aware of a sea of faces watching you, this is not what you concentrate on. (A43) ___ If you focus on this, then your dancing will look natural and unforced.'

So how did Beatrice get started? 'I began taking ballet lessons in a local school when I was six. My teachers felt I had talent but after 11 years of ballet, I realised I wanted to do something different. (A44) ___ That was it! I had never seen dancing like this before and immediately decided it was for me. The following year I was offered a place at a London contemporary dance school where I completed a three-year course.'

Today Beatrice is a permanent member of the Charmed Circle Dance Company. But was it a difficult transition from studies to career? 'I was warned that the competition would be fierce. (A45) ___ Applying for even the smallest part meant auditioning with dozens of others. Finally, I was lucky enough to be offered a trial period of one year with Charmed Circle, even though it meant working without pay. It was an extremely difficult period, as you can imagine.'

'I could have been tempted to join other dance companies on a temporary basis doing one-off paid performances. But this would have meant missing out on the chance to become part of the regular line-up of what is now one of Britain's leading contemporary dance companies.' (A46) ___ But Beatrice's ultimate ambition is to make it to America, where the ideas behind contemporary dance were first pioneered and developed.

When asked about what it takes to become a dancer, Beatrice didn't hesitate. 'You have to love what you're doing, you have to keep pushing yourself to the limit and you have to be slightly mad, tool (A47) ___ Most dancers will tell you how physically painful daily training can be. You also have to be extremely self-motivated'

So what does Beatrice particularly enjoy about contemporary dance?"Well, for one thing, contemporary movements are so different from those in other types of dance. In ballet, for example, the movements are strictly structured and you have to stick to them. In contemporary dance, however, the movements are more expressive and each have individual meanings in themselves. (A48) ___ This makes them very moving experiences both to perform and to watch.'

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

37
Задание 43 № 1903

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A43) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — But when he trains, he trains very hard.

2 — «I try not to let them, but they do.»

3 — This condition should have made it impossible for him to have a career in sport.

4 — Winning that race changed his whole life, but for much of the next three years he was injured.


When Usain Bolt was a young boy growing up in Jamaica, his parents took him to the doctor because he couldn’t keep still. He was gifted at cricket, his first love. ‘But I just happened to run fast. It was easy and I was winning. And my dad said I should concentrate on running because it’s an individual sport and, if you do good, you do good for yourself.’

Nobody can hold a light to Usain Bolt — he is a one-off (уникум). There’s the size, for a start: 1.96 metres (ideal sprinters are thought to be no more than 1.85 metres). Then there’s the scoliosis, a curved spine which means one leg

is shorter than the other. (A43)__And the attitude — at warm-up his rivals look as if they will explode with tension, but Bolt smiles, even dances. And, of course, Bolt is said to be the fastest man ever.

Bolt maintains that he isn’t quite as cool and laid-back as he appears to be. There are things that bother him. (A44)__For example, he says he was so uptight before the junior World Championships final — where he became the youngest gold medallist at the age of fifteen — that he put his shoes on the wrong feet.

(A45)__That’s when Jamaica turned on him. His own people said he was undisciplined, he partied too much.

And yes, he did; but the truth was he was suffering with his spine. People, he says, are quick to criticise.

Bolt arrived in athletics at a time when the profession had lost a lot of respect over drug-taking. Here was a man who looked and acted differently. In 2008, though, he had to beg his coach to let him run the 100 metres at the Beijing Olympics. (A46)__Despite that, not only did he win gold but he broke the 100 metre world record. He broke his own record at the 2009 World Championships and went on to win gold in the 2012 London Olympics in the 100 metre and 200 metre races and the relay.

‘The image on the track is that he just turns up and runs but it isn’t true,’ says his manager. ‘He’s very competitive.’ And the thing is, says Bolt, if he weren’t easy-going, he wouldn’t run so fast. He looks a little blank when I ask him what makes him such a good runner. Perhaps his height help., and those huge strides, he suggests. (A47)__‘The way his feet move, the way the mechanics are so perfect. Everything is perfect for running.’

I’ve never met a sportsman quite like Bolt. He is opinionated, funny and grounded. I ask him about his ambitions. Eventually, he says, he’d like to make a go of playing football professionally. (A48)__‘People say I’m a legend but I’m not until I’ve fulfilled my potential.’

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

38
Задание 44 № 1904

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A44) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — But when he trains, he trains very hard.

2 — «I try not to let them, but they do.»

3 — This condition should have made it impossible for him to have a career in sport.

4 — Winning that race changed his whole life, but for much of the next three years he was injured.


When Usain Bolt was a young boy growing up in Jamaica, his parents took him to the doctor because he couldn’t keep still. He was gifted at cricket, his first love. ‘But I just happened to run fast. It was easy and I was winning. And my dad said I should concentrate on running because it’s an individual sport and, if you do good, you do good for yourself.’

Nobody can hold a light to Usain Bolt — he is a one-off (уникум). There’s the size, for a start: 1.96 metres (ideal sprinters are thought to be no more than 1.85 metres). Then there’s the scoliosis, a curved spine which means one leg

is shorter than the other. (A43)__And the attitude — at warm-up his rivals look as if they will explode with tension, but Bolt smiles, even dances. And, of course, Bolt is said to be the fastest man ever.

Bolt maintains that he isn’t quite as cool and laid-back as he appears to be. There are things that bother him. (A44)__For example, he says he was so uptight before the junior World Championships final — where he became the youngest gold medallist at the age of fifteen — that he put his shoes on the wrong feet.

(A45)__That’s when Jamaica turned on him. His own people said he was undisciplined, he partied too much.

And yes, he did; but the truth was he was suffering with his spine. People, he says, are quick to criticise.

Bolt arrived in athletics at a time when the profession had lost a lot of respect over drug-taking. Here was a man who looked and acted differently. In 2008, though, he had to beg his coach to let him run the 100 metres at the Beijing Olympics. (A46)__Despite that, not only did he win gold but he broke the 100 metre world record. He broke his own record at the 2009 World Championships and went on to win gold in the 2012 London Olympics in the 100 metre and 200 metre races and the relay.

‘The image on the track is that he just turns up and runs but it isn’t true,’ says his manager. ‘He’s very competitive.’ And the thing is, says Bolt, if he weren’t easy-going, he wouldn’t run so fast. He looks a little blank when I ask him what makes him such a good runner. Perhaps his height help., and those huge strides, he suggests. (A47)__‘The way his feet move, the way the mechanics are so perfect. Everything is perfect for running.’

I’ve never met a sportsman quite like Bolt. He is opinionated, funny and grounded. I ask him about his ambitions. Eventually, he says, he’d like to make a go of playing football professionally. (A48)__‘People say I’m a legend but I’m not until I’ve fulfilled my potential.’

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

39
Задание 45 № 1905

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A45) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — But when he trains, he trains very hard.

2 — «I try not to let them, but they do.»

3 — This condition should have made it impossible for him to have a career in sport.

4 — Winning that race changed his whole life, but for much of the next three years he was injured.


When Usain Bolt was a young boy growing up in Jamaica, his parents took him to the doctor because he couldn’t keep still. He was gifted at cricket, his first love. ‘But I just happened to run fast. It was easy and I was winning. And my dad said I should concentrate on running because it’s an individual sport and, if you do good, you do good for yourself.’

Nobody can hold a light to Usain Bolt — he is a one-off (уникум). There’s the size, for a start: 1.96 metres (ideal sprinters are thought to be no more than 1.85 metres). Then there’s the scoliosis, a curved spine which means one leg

is shorter than the other. (A43)__And the attitude — at warm-up his rivals look as if they will explode with tension, but Bolt smiles, even dances. And, of course, Bolt is said to be the fastest man ever.

Bolt maintains that he isn’t quite as cool and laid-back as he appears to be. There are things that bother him. (A44)__For example, he says he was so uptight before the junior World Championships final — where he became the youngest gold medallist at the age of fifteen — that he put his shoes on the wrong feet.

(A45)__That’s when Jamaica turned on him. His own people said he was undisciplined, he partied too much.

And yes, he did; but the truth was he was suffering with his spine. People, he says, are quick to criticise.

Bolt arrived in athletics at a time when the profession had lost a lot of respect over drug-taking. Here was a man who looked and acted differently. In 2008, though, he had to beg his coach to let him run the 100 metres at the Beijing Olympics. (A46)__Despite that, not only did he win gold but he broke the 100 metre world record. He broke his own record at the 2009 World Championships and went on to win gold in the 2012 London Olympics in the 100 metre and 200 metre races and the relay.

‘The image on the track is that he just turns up and runs but it isn’t true,’ says his manager. ‘He’s very competitive.’ And the thing is, says Bolt, if he weren’t easy-going, he wouldn’t run so fast. He looks a little blank when I ask him what makes him such a good runner. Perhaps his height help., and those huge strides, he suggests. (A47)__‘The way his feet move, the way the mechanics are so perfect. Everything is perfect for running.’

I’ve never met a sportsman quite like Bolt. He is opinionated, funny and grounded. I ask him about his ambitions. Eventually, he says, he’d like to make a go of playing football professionally. (A48)__‘People say I’m a legend but I’m not until I’ve fulfilled my potential.’

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

40
Задание 46 № 1906

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A46) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — It took a lot of persuasion because Bolt had been running the distance for less than a year and was surviving on a diet of junk food.

2 — But before that he has more to achieve on the track.

3 — I ask him what’s it like to run so fast, to race the wind.

4 — His manager says he runs like a cheetah.


When Usain Bolt was a young boy growing up in Jamaica, his parents took him to the doctor because he couldn’t keep still. He was gifted at cricket, his first love. ‘But I just happened to run fast. It was easy and I was winning. And my dad said I should concentrate on running because it’s an individual sport and, if you do good, you do good for yourself.’

Nobody can hold a light to Usain Bolt — he is a one-off (уникум). There’s the size, for a start: 1.96 metres (ideal sprinters are thought to be no more than 1.85 metres). Then there’s the scoliosis, a curved spine which means one leg

is shorter than the other. (A43)__And the attitude — at warm-up his rivals look as if they will explode with tension, but Bolt smiles, even dances. And, of course, Bolt is said to be the fastest man ever.

Bolt maintains that he isn’t quite as cool and laid-back as he appears to be. There are things that bother him. (A44)__For example, he says he was so uptight before the junior World Championships final — where he became the youngest gold medallist at the age of fifteen — that he put his shoes on the wrong feet.

(A45)__That’s when Jamaica turned on him. His own people said he was undisciplined, he partied too much.

And yes, he did; but the truth was he was suffering with his spine. People, he says, are quick to criticise.

Bolt arrived in athletics at a time when the profession had lost a lot of respect over drug-taking. Here was a man who looked and acted differently. In 2008, though, he had to beg his coach to let him run the 100 metres at the Beijing Olympics. (A46)__Despite that, not only did he win gold but he broke the 100 metre world record. He broke his own record at the 2009 World Championships and went on to win gold in the 2012 London Olympics in the 100 metre and 200 metre races and the relay.

‘The image on the track is that he just turns up and runs but it isn’t true,’ says his manager. ‘He’s very competitive.’ And the thing is, says Bolt, if he weren’t easy-going, he wouldn’t run so fast. He looks a little blank when I ask him what makes him such a good runner. Perhaps his height help., and those huge strides, he suggests. (A47)__‘The way his feet move, the way the mechanics are so perfect. Everything is perfect for running.’

I’ve never met a sportsman quite like Bolt. He is opinionated, funny and grounded. I ask him about his ambitions. Eventually, he says, he’d like to make a go of playing football professionally. (A48)__‘People say I’m a legend but I’m not until I’ve fulfilled my potential.’

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

41
Задание 47 № 1907

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A47) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — It took a lot of persuasion because Bolt had been running the distance for less than a year and was surviving on a diet of junk food.

2 — But before that he has more to achieve on the track.

3 — I ask him what’s it like to run so fast, to race the wind.

4 — His manager says he runs like a cheetah.


When Usain Bolt was a young boy growing up in Jamaica, his parents took him to the doctor because he couldn’t keep still. He was gifted at cricket, his first love. ‘But I just happened to run fast. It was easy and I was winning. And my dad said I should concentrate on running because it’s an individual sport and, if you do good, you do good for yourself.’

Nobody can hold a light to Usain Bolt — he is a one-off (уникум). There’s the size, for a start: 1.96 metres (ideal sprinters are thought to be no more than 1.85 metres). Then there’s the scoliosis, a curved spine which means one leg

is shorter than the other. (A43)__And the attitude — at warm-up his rivals look as if they will explode with tension, but Bolt smiles, even dances. And, of course, Bolt is said to be the fastest man ever.

Bolt maintains that he isn’t quite as cool and laid-back as he appears to be. There are things that bother him. (A44)__For example, he says he was so uptight before the junior World Championships final — where he became the youngest gold medallist at the age of fifteen — that he put his shoes on the wrong feet.

(A45)__That’s when Jamaica turned on him. His own people said he was undisciplined, he partied too much.

And yes, he did; but the truth was he was suffering with his spine. People, he says, are quick to criticise.

Bolt arrived in athletics at a time when the profession had lost a lot of respect over drug-taking. Here was a man who looked and acted differently. In 2008, though, he had to beg his coach to let him run the 100 metres at the Beijing Olympics. (A46)__Despite that, not only did he win gold but he broke the 100 metre world record. He broke his own record at the 2009 World Championships and went on to win gold in the 2012 London Olympics in the 100 metre and 200 metre races and the relay.

‘The image on the track is that he just turns up and runs but it isn’t true,’ says his manager. ‘He’s very competitive.’ And the thing is, says Bolt, if he weren’t easy-going, he wouldn’t run so fast. He looks a little blank when I ask him what makes him such a good runner. Perhaps his height help., and those huge strides, he suggests. (A47)__‘The way his feet move, the way the mechanics are so perfect. Everything is perfect for running.’

I’ve never met a sportsman quite like Bolt. He is opinionated, funny and grounded. I ask him about his ambitions. Eventually, he says, he’d like to make a go of playing football professionally. (A48)__‘People say I’m a legend but I’m not until I’ve fulfilled my potential.’

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

42
Задание 48 № 1908

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A48) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — It took a lot of persuasion because Bolt had been running the distance for less than a year and was surviving on a diet of junk food.

2 — But before that he has more to achieve on the track.

3 — I ask him what’s it like to run so fast, to race the wind.

4 — His manager says he runs like a cheetah.


When Usain Bolt was a young boy growing up in Jamaica, his parents took him to the doctor because he couldn’t keep still. He was gifted at cricket, his first love. ‘But I just happened to run fast. It was easy and I was winning. And my dad said I should concentrate on running because it’s an individual sport and, if you do good, you do good for yourself.’

Nobody can hold a light to Usain Bolt — he is a one-off (уникум). There’s the size, for a start: 1.96 metres (ideal sprinters are thought to be no more than 1.85 metres). Then there’s the scoliosis, a curved spine which means one leg

is shorter than the other. (A43)__And the attitude — at warm-up his rivals look as if they will explode with tension, but Bolt smiles, even dances. And, of course, Bolt is said to be the fastest man ever.

Bolt maintains that he isn’t quite as cool and laid-back as he appears to be. There are things that bother him. (A44)__For example, he says he was so uptight before the junior World Championships final — where he became the youngest gold medallist at the age of fifteen — that he put his shoes on the wrong feet.

(A45)__That’s when Jamaica turned on him. His own people said he was undisciplined, he partied too much.

And yes, he did; but the truth was he was suffering with his spine. People, he says, are quick to criticise.

Bolt arrived in athletics at a time when the profession had lost a lot of respect over drug-taking. Here was a man who looked and acted differently. In 2008, though, he had to beg his coach to let him run the 100 metres at the Beijing Olympics. (A46)__Despite that, not only did he win gold but he broke the 100 metre world record. He broke his own record at the 2009 World Championships and went on to win gold in the 2012 London Olympics in the 100 metre and 200 metre races and the relay.

‘The image on the track is that he just turns up and runs but it isn’t true,’ says his manager. ‘He’s very competitive.’ And the thing is, says Bolt, if he weren’t easy-going, he wouldn’t run so fast. He looks a little blank when I ask him what makes him such a good runner. Perhaps his height help., and those huge strides, he suggests. (A47)__‘The way his feet move, the way the mechanics are so perfect. Everything is perfect for running.’

I’ve never met a sportsman quite like Bolt. He is opinionated, funny and grounded. I ask him about his ambitions. Eventually, he says, he’d like to make a go of playing football professionally. (A48)__‘People say I’m a legend but I’m not until I’ve fulfilled my potential.’

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

43
Задание 43 № 1963

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A43) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — And if they lift weights, they risk permanent injury unless they are very careful.

2 — I want to look good on stage, of course, but I’m not sure people realise the amount of time and effort that goes into that.

3 — Back then, models were allowed to have blemishes like spots or wrinkles.

4 — Open a magazine or turn on the TV and you’ll see glamorous people living the ‘perfect’ life.


«Body image» is the picture you have in your mind of your size, shape and general appearance — and how you feel about it. Where does this image come from? Lifestyle adviser Anne Banks examines the issues.

Do you love what you see in the mirror? No? Then you are not alone. Almost everybody worries about what other people think, and we all get stressed out about the size of our feet or the shape of our nose.

It’s the images we see in the media that are mostly to blame. (А43)__ Whether it’s a hunky actor in designer jeans and trendy jacket or a stunning model in an elegant dress, they’re sending the same message: «If you look like me, your life will be perfect».

But appearances can be deceptive. Compare today’s magazine covers with those of fifty years ago. (A44)__ Not any more! Nowadays, blemishes are removed from photographs with the help of a technique called «airbrushing». A photographer or designer can straighten teeth, alter skin colour, and even change a hairstyle. That perfect face is just a trick of the camera after all!

The «perfect» body shapes aren’t natural, either. Go down to any gym and you’ll find young men «pumping iron» in an effort to live up to some masculine ideal that says that «real» men should be strong and muscular. Body builders, desperate to increase the size of their muscles, often eat food with far more calories and protein than is natural, which is a danger to their health. (A45)__

It’s the same for the girls. We all know of celebrities who go on starvation diets so that they can wear «size zero» clothes. They end up ruining their health. The irony is, naturally curvy girls who diet until they’re stick-thin actually end up looking awful. Ask boys! (A46)__ Unfortunately, some girls are so obsessed with their weight they just don’t

realise!

(A47)__ These include pop singers like Mis-Teeq, Jamelia, and Rachel Stevens. Rachel Stevens doesn’t want

to be stick-thin. «There’s always been this pressure to be skinny, but you’ve got artists now like J-Lo and Beyoncé who are really curvy and look absolutely stunning», she says.

So come on boys and girls, take control of your life! We hr mans come in all shapes and sizes and there’s no «correct» to look. It’s what you say and do that really matters. (A48)__ They’re not what they seem! Anyway, why waste

your time trying to live up to somebody else’s ideal? Being fit and healthy is far more important. Just believe in yourself! After all, if you like yourself as you are, everyone else will pro oably end up liking you, too!

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

44
Задание 44 № 1964

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A44) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — And if they lift weights, they risk permanent injury unless they are very careful.

2 — I want to look good on stage, of course, but I’m not sure people realise the amount of time and effort that goes into that.

3 — Back then, models were allowed to have blemishes like spots or wrinkles.

4 — Open a magazine or turn on the TV and you’ll see glamorous people living the ‘perfect’ life.


«Body image» is the picture you have in your mind of your size, shape and general appearance — and how you feel about it. Where does this image come from? Lifestyle adviser Anne Banks examines the issues.

Do you love what you see in the mirror? No? Then you are not alone. Almost everybody worries about what other people think, and we all get stressed out about the size of our feet or the shape of our nose.

It’s the images we see in the media that are mostly to blame. (А43)__ Whether it’s a hunky actor in designer jeans and trendy jacket or a stunning model in an elegant dress, they’re sending the same message: «If you look like me, your life will be perfect».

But appearances can be deceptive. Compare today’s magazine covers with those of fifty years ago. (A44)__ Not any more! Nowadays, blemishes are removed from photographs with the help of a technique called «airbrushing». A photographer or designer can straighten teeth, alter skin colour, and even change a hairstyle. That perfect face is just a trick of the camera after all!

The «perfect» body shapes aren’t natural, either. Go down to any gym and you’ll find young men «pumping iron» in an effort to live up to some masculine ideal that says that «real» men should be strong and muscular. Body builders, desperate to increase the size of their muscles, often eat food with far more calories and protein than is natural, which is a danger to their health. (A45)__

It’s the same for the girls. We all know of celebrities who go on starvation diets so that they can wear «size zero» clothes. They end up ruining their health. The irony is, naturally curvy girls who diet until they’re stick-thin actually end up looking awful. Ask boys! (A46)__ Unfortunately, some girls are so obsessed with their weight they just don’t

realise!

(A47)__ These include pop singers like Mis-Teeq, Jamelia, and Rachel Stevens. Rachel Stevens doesn’t want

to be stick-thin. «There’s always been this pressure to be skinny, but you’ve got artists now like J-Lo and Beyoncé who are really curvy and look absolutely stunning», she says.

So come on boys and girls, take control of your life! We hr mans come in all shapes and sizes and there’s no «correct» to look. It’s what you say and do that really matters. (A48)__ They’re not what they seem! Anyway, why waste

your time trying to live up to somebody else’s ideal? Being fit and healthy is far more important. Just believe in yourself! After all, if you like yourself as you are, everyone else will pro oably end up liking you, too!

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

45
Задание 45 № 1965

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A45) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — And if they lift weights, they risk permanent injury unless they are very careful.

2 — I want to look good on stage, of course, but I’m not sure people realise the amount of time and effort that goes into that.

3 — Back then, models were allowed to have blemishes like spots or wrinkles.

4 — Open a magazine or turn on the TV and you’ll see glamorous people living the ‘perfect’ life.


«Body image» is the picture you have in your mind of your size, shape and general appearance — and how you feel about it. Where does this image come from? Lifestyle adviser Anne Banks examines the issues.

Do you love what you see in the mirror? No? Then you are not alone. Almost everybody worries about what other people think, and we all get stressed out about the size of our feet or the shape of our nose.

It’s the images we see in the media that are mostly to blame. (А43)__ Whether it’s a hunky actor in designer jeans and trendy jacket or a stunning model in an elegant dress, they’re sending the same message: «If you look like me, your life will be perfect».

But appearances can be deceptive. Compare today’s magazine covers with those of fifty years ago. (A44)__ Not any more! Nowadays, blemishes are removed from photographs with the help of a technique called «airbrushing». A photographer or designer can straighten teeth, alter skin colour, and even change a hairstyle. That perfect face is just a trick of the camera after all!

The «perfect» body shapes aren’t natural, either. Go down to any gym and you’ll find young men «pumping iron» in an effort to live up to some masculine ideal that says that «real» men should be strong and muscular. Body builders, desperate to increase the size of their muscles, often eat food with far more calories and protein than is natural, which is a danger to their health. (A45)__

It’s the same for the girls. We all know of celebrities who go on starvation diets so that they can wear «size zero» clothes. They end up ruining their health. The irony is, naturally curvy girls who diet until they’re stick-thin actually end up looking awful. Ask boys! (A46)__ Unfortunately, some girls are so obsessed with their weight they just don’t

realise!

(A47)__ These include pop singers like Mis-Teeq, Jamelia, and Rachel Stevens. Rachel Stevens doesn’t want

to be stick-thin. «There’s always been this pressure to be skinny, but you’ve got artists now like J-Lo and Beyoncé who are really curvy and look absolutely stunning», she says.

So come on boys and girls, take control of your life! We hr mans come in all shapes and sizes and there’s no «correct» to look. It’s what you say and do that really matters. (A48)__ They’re not what they seem! Anyway, why waste

your time trying to live up to somebody else’s ideal? Being fit and healthy is far more important. Just believe in yourself! After all, if you like yourself as you are, everyone else will pro oably end up liking you, too!

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

46
Задание 46 № 1966

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A46) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — Fortunately, some media stars are beginning to resist the pressure to look skinny.

2 — Forget the ‘perfect’ people you see pictured in the media.

3 — They often spend huge amounts of time and money trying to look good.

4 — Most of them prefer girls with a bit of shape.


«Body image» is the picture you have in your mind of your size, shape and general appearance — and how you feel about it. Where does this image come from? Lifestyle adviser Anne Banks examines the issues.

Do you love what you see in the mirror? No? Then you are not alone. Almost everybody worries about what other people think, and we all get stressed out about the size of our feet or the shape of our nose.

It’s the images we see in the media that are mostly to blame. (А43)__ Whether it’s a hunky actor in designer jeans and trendy jacket or a stunning model in an elegant dress, they’re sending the same message: «If you look like me, your life will be perfect».

But appearances can be deceptive. Compare today’s magazine covers with those of fifty years ago. (A44)__ Not any more! Nowadays, blemishes are removed from photographs with the help of a technique called «airbrushing». A photographer or designer can straighten teeth, alter skin colour, and even change a hairstyle. That perfect face is just a trick of the camera after all!

The «perfect» body shapes aren’t natural, either. Go down to any gym and you’ll find young men «pumping iron» in an effort to live up to some masculine ideal that says that «real» men should be strong and muscular. Body builders, desperate to increase the size of their muscles, often eat food with far more calories and protein than is natural, which is a danger to their health. (A45)__

It’s the same for the girls. We all know of celebrities who go on starvation diets so that they can wear «size zero» clothes. They end up ruining their health. The irony is, naturally curvy girls who diet until they’re stick-thin actually end up looking awful. Ask boys! (A46)__ Unfortunately, some girls are so obsessed with their weight they just don’t

realise!

(A47)__ These include pop singers like Mis-Teeq, Jamelia, and Rachel Stevens. Rachel Stevens doesn’t want

to be stick-thin. «There’s always been this pressure to be skinny, but you’ve got artists now like J-Lo and Beyoncé who are really curvy and look absolutely stunning», she says.

So come on boys and girls, take control of your life! We hr mans come in all shapes and sizes and there’s no «correct» to look. It’s what you say and do that really matters. (A48)__ They’re not what they seem! Anyway, why waste

your time trying to live up to somebody else’s ideal? Being fit and healthy is far more important. Just believe in yourself! After all, if you like yourself as you are, everyone else will pro oably end up liking you, too!

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

47
Задание 47 № 1967

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A47) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — Fortunately, some media stars are beginning to resist the pressure to look skinny.

2 — Forget the ‘perfect’ people you see pictured in the media.

3 — They often spend huge amounts of time and money trying to look good.

4 — Most of them prefer girls with a bit of shape.


«Body image» is the picture you have in your mind of your size, shape and general appearance — and how you feel about it. Where does this image come from? Lifestyle adviser Anne Banks examines the issues.

Do you love what you see in the mirror? No? Then you are not alone. Almost everybody worries about what other people think, and we all get stressed out about the size of our feet or the shape of our nose.

It’s the images we see in the media that are mostly to blame. (А43)__ Whether it’s a hunky actor in designer jeans and trendy jacket or a stunning model in an elegant dress, they’re sending the same message: «If you look like me, your life will be perfect».

But appearances can be deceptive. Compare today’s magazine covers with those of fifty years ago. (A44)__ Not any more! Nowadays, blemishes are removed from photographs with the help of a technique called «airbrushing». A photographer or designer can straighten teeth, alter skin colour, and even change a hairstyle. That perfect face is just a trick of the camera after all!

The «perfect» body shapes aren’t natural, either. Go down to any gym and you’ll find young men «pumping iron» in an effort to live up to some masculine ideal that says that «real» men should be strong and muscular. Body builders, desperate to increase the size of their muscles, often eat food with far more calories and protein than is natural, which is a danger to their health. (A45)__

It’s the same for the girls. We all know of celebrities who go on starvation diets so that they can wear «size zero» clothes. They end up ruining their health. The irony is, naturally curvy girls who diet until they’re stick-thin actually end up looking awful. Ask boys! (A46)__ Unfortunately, some girls are so obsessed with their weight they just don’t

realise!

(A47)__ These include pop singers like Mis-Teeq, Jamelia, and Rachel Stevens. Rachel Stevens doesn’t want

to be stick-thin. «There’s always been this pressure to be skinny, but you’ve got artists now like J-Lo and Beyoncé who are really curvy and look absolutely stunning», she says.

So come on boys and girls, take control of your life! We hr mans come in all shapes and sizes and there’s no «correct» to look. It’s what you say and do that really matters. (A48)__ They’re not what they seem! Anyway, why waste

your time trying to live up to somebody else’s ideal? Being fit and healthy is far more important. Just believe in yourself! After all, if you like yourself as you are, everyone else will pro oably end up liking you, too!

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

48
Задание 48 № 1968

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A48) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — Fortunately, some media stars are beginning to resist the pressure to look skinny.

2 — Forget the ‘perfect’ people you see pictured in the media.

3 — They often spend huge amounts of time and money trying to look good.

4 — Most of them prefer girls with a bit of shape.


«Body image» is the picture you have in your mind of your size, shape and general appearance — and how you feel about it. Where does this image come from? Lifestyle adviser Anne Banks examines the issues.

Do you love what you see in the mirror? No? Then you are not alone. Almost everybody worries about what other people think, and we all get stressed out about the size of our feet or the shape of our nose.

It’s the images we see in the media that are mostly to blame. (А43)__ Whether it’s a hunky actor in designer jeans and trendy jacket or a stunning model in an elegant dress, they’re sending the same message: «If you look like me, your life will be perfect».

But appearances can be deceptive. Compare today’s magazine covers with those of fifty years ago. (A44)__ Not any more! Nowadays, blemishes are removed from photographs with the help of a technique called «airbrushing». A photographer or designer can straighten teeth, alter skin colour, and even change a hairstyle. That perfect face is just a trick of the camera after all!

The «perfect» body shapes aren’t natural, either. Go down to any gym and you’ll find young men «pumping iron» in an effort to live up to some masculine ideal that says that «real» men should be strong and muscular. Body builders, desperate to increase the size of their muscles, often eat food with far more calories and protein than is natural, which is a danger to their health. (A45)__

It’s the same for the girls. We all know of celebrities who go on starvation diets so that they can wear «size zero» clothes. They end up ruining their health. The irony is, naturally curvy girls who diet until they’re stick-thin actually end up looking awful. Ask boys! (A46)__ Unfortunately, some girls are so obsessed with their weight they just don’t

realise!

(A47)__ These include pop singers like Mis-Teeq, Jamelia, and Rachel Stevens. Rachel Stevens doesn’t want

to be stick-thin. «There’s always been this pressure to be skinny, but you’ve got artists now like J-Lo and Beyoncé who are really curvy and look absolutely stunning», she says.

So come on boys and girls, take control of your life! We hr mans come in all shapes and sizes and there’s no «correct» to look. It’s what you say and do that really matters. (A48)__ They’re not what they seem! Anyway, why waste

your time trying to live up to somebody else’s ideal? Being fit and healthy is far more important. Just believe in yourself! After all, if you like yourself as you are, everyone else will pro oably end up liking you, too!

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

49
Задание 43 № 2023

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A43) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — By sçheduling your study time, you’ll be better prepared and will be able to avoid marathon cramming sessions.

2 — Tell yourself that you’ll give it your best shot and make the effort.

3 — Wanting to learn is the first step to smarter study.

4 — Too many students do their homework or exam revision at the last minute.


If there’s one thing above all that students need to learn, it’s how to learn! More specifically, students need to know how to learn effectively. There are a number of techniques and skills you can employ to improve your learning. Read on to find out more.

First of all, you need to be in the right frame of mind. Studying should be seen as an enjoyable opportunity to learn rather than a necessary evil that prevents you from relaxing or having fun. (A43)___In order to take that step, get rid of any distractions. If you have a computer, a TV or PlayStation in your room, turn it off or study somewhere else. Also, think positively when you study by reminding yourself that you have the skills and abilities to get ahead. Don’t let negative thoughts take over. If you haven’t allowed yourself enough time to prepare for an exam or to write an assignment, don’t give up! (A4)___And never, ever compare yourself with others. We’re all different and we all have different abilities and talents.

Then there’s sçheduling. You have to develop a schedule in order to make the best use of your most valuable resource, time. Маке that schedule and stick to it because it will guide you in how to manage the available time most productively. Don’t! You must take your studying seriously — it isn’t something to be done when you get around to it or have some spare time. (A45)___Do you really think you can learn an entire term’s worth of course material in one night? Of course not. By spending just half an hour a day revising the material, you’ll stay on top of things. Study regularly throughout the term for as many subjects as you car Don’t wait until exam time to open your books!

So, you’re ready to study and you’ve got a schedule. W hat next? Read effectively. (A46)___How often have you read to the bottom of a page and suddenly realised that you remember absolutely nothing? Probably more often than you care to admit. Unless you read ‘actively’, you won’t learn. How do you become an active reader? (A7)___This makes sense as the important things to learn are usually answers to questions. If you ask and answer questions about what, why, how, when, who and where, you will begin to make sense of the material and remember it more easily. Another good technique to use is to break up chapters into sections and deal with each one separately. (A48)___Make sure you understand everything before continuing to the next section. In this way, you steadily build up your understanding of the material in small, manageable steps.

See? It is possible to study and learn without stress if you study smart!

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

50
Задание 44 № 2024

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A44) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — By sçheduling your study time, you’ll be better prepared and will be able to avoid marathon cramming sessions.

2 — Tell yourself that you’ll give it your best shot and make the effort.

3 — Wanting to learn is the first step to smarter study.

4 — Too many students do their homework or exam revision at the last minute.


If there’s one thing above all that students need to learn, it’s how to learn! More specifically, students need to know how to learn effectively. There are a number of techniques and skills you can employ to improve your learning. Read on to find out more.

First of all, you need to be in the right frame of mind. Studying should be seen as an enjoyable opportunity to learn rather than a necessary evil that prevents you from relaxing or having fun. (A43)___In order to take that step, get rid of any distractions. If you have a computer, a TV or PlayStation in your room, turn it off or study somewhere else. Also, think positively when you study by reminding yourself that you have the skills and abilities to get ahead. Don’t let negative thoughts take over. If you haven’t allowed yourself enough time to prepare for an exam or to write an assignment, don’t give up! (A4)___And never, ever compare yourself with others. We’re all different and we all have different abilities and talents.

Then there’s sçheduling. You have to develop a schedule in order to make the best use of your most valuable resource, time. Маке that schedule and stick to it because it will guide you in how to manage the available time most productively. Don’t! You must take your studying seriously — it isn’t something to be done when you get around to it or have some spare time. (A45)___Do you really think you can learn an entire term’s worth of course material in one night? Of course not. By spending just half an hour a day revising the material, you’ll stay on top of things. Study regularly throughout the term for as many subjects as you car Don’t wait until exam time to open your books!

So, you’re ready to study and you’ve got a schedule. W hat next? Read effectively. (A46)___How often have you read to the bottom of a page and suddenly realised that you remember absolutely nothing? Probably more often than you care to admit. Unless you read ‘actively’, you won’t learn. How do you become an active reader? (A7)___This makes sense as the important things to learn are usually answers to questions. If you ask and answer questions about what, why, how, when, who and where, you will begin to make sense of the material and remember it more easily. Another good technique to use is to break up chapters into sections and deal with each one separately. (A48)___Make sure you understand everything before continuing to the next section. In this way, you steadily build up your understanding of the material in small, manageable steps.

See? It is possible to study and learn without stress if you study smart!

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

51
Задание 45 № 2025

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A45) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — By sçheduling your study time, you’ll be better prepared and will be able to avoid marathon cramming sessions.

2 — Tell yourself that you’ll give it your best shot and make the effort.

3 — Wanting to learn is the first step to smarter study.

4 — Too many students do their homework or exam revision at the last minute.


If there’s one thing above all that students need to learn, it’s how to learn! More specifically, students need to know how to learn effectively. There are a number of techniques and skills you can employ to improve your learning. Read on to find out more.

First of all, you need to be in the right frame of mind. Studying should be seen as an enjoyable opportunity to learn rather than a necessary evil that prevents you from relaxing or having fun. (A43)___In order to take that step, get rid of any distractions. If you have a computer, a TV or PlayStation in your room, turn it off or study somewhere else. Also, think positively when you study by reminding yourself that you have the skills and abilities to get ahead. Don’t let negative thoughts take over. If you haven’t allowed yourself enough time to prepare for an exam or to write an assignment, don’t give up! (A4)___And never, ever compare yourself with others. We’re all different and we all have different abilities and talents.

Then there’s sçheduling. You have to develop a schedule in order to make the best use of your most valuable resource, time. Маке that schedule and stick to it because it will guide you in how to manage the available time most productively. Don’t! You must take your studying seriously — it isn’t something to be done when you get around to it or have some spare time. (A45)___Do you really think you can learn an entire term’s worth of course material in one night? Of course not. By spending just half an hour a day revising the material, you’ll stay on top of things. Study regularly throughout the term for as many subjects as you car Don’t wait until exam time to open your books!

So, you’re ready to study and you’ve got a schedule. W hat next? Read effectively. (A46)___How often have you read to the bottom of a page and suddenly realised that you remember absolutely nothing? Probably more often than you care to admit. Unless you read ‘actively’, you won’t learn. How do you become an active reader? (A7)___This makes sense as the important things to learn are usually answers to questions. If you ask and answer questions about what, why, how, when, who and where, you will begin to make sense of the material and remember it more easily. Another good technique to use is to break up chapters into sections and deal with each one separately. (A48)___Make sure you understand everything before continuing to the next section. In this way, you steadily build up your understanding of the material in small, manageable steps.

See? It is possible to study and learn without stress if you study smart!

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

52
Задание 46 № 2026

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A46) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — Read, stop and review what you have just read.

2 — This doesn’t mean just running your eyes over the lines of the text.

3 — It depends on the content of the review and the length of the text.

4 — By asking yourself questions as you read or study.


If there’s one thing above all that students need to learn, it’s how to learn! More specifically, students need to know how to learn effectively. There are a number of techniques and skills you can employ to improve your learning. Read on to find out more.

First of all, you need to be in the right frame of mind. Studying should be seen as an enjoyable opportunity to learn rather than a necessary evil that prevents you from relaxing or having fun. (A43)___In order to take that step, get rid of any distractions. If you have a computer, a TV or PlayStation in your room, turn it off or study somewhere else. Also, think positively when you study by reminding yourself that you have the skills and abilities to get ahead. Don’t let negative thoughts take over. If you haven’t allowed yourself enough time to prepare for an exam or to write an assignment, don’t give up! (A4)___And never, ever compare yourself with others. We’re all different and we all have different abilities and talents.

Then there’s sçheduling. You have to develop a schedule in order to make the best use of your most valuable resource, time. Маке that schedule and stick to it because it will guide you in how to manage the available time most productively. Don’t! You must take your studying seriously — it isn’t something to be done when you get around to it or have some spare time. (A45)___Do you really think you can learn an entire term’s worth of course material in one night? Of course not. By spending just half an hour a day revising the material, you’ll stay on top of things. Study regularly throughout the term for as many subjects as you car Don’t wait until exam time to open your books!

So, you’re ready to study and you’ve got a schedule. W hat next? Read effectively. (A46)___How often have you read to the bottom of a page and suddenly realised that you remember absolutely nothing? Probably more often than you care to admit. Unless you read ‘actively’, you won’t learn. How do you become an active reader? (A7)___This makes sense as the important things to learn are usually answers to questions. If you ask and answer questions about what, why, how, when, who and where, you will begin to make sense of the material and remember it more easily. Another good technique to use is to break up chapters into sections and deal with each one separately. (A48)___Make sure you understand everything before continuing to the next section. In this way, you steadily build up your understanding of the material in small, manageable steps.

See? It is possible to study and learn without stress if you study smart!

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

53
Задание 47 № 2027

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A47) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — Read, stop and review what you have just read.

2 — This doesn’t mean just running your eyes over the lines of the text.

3 — It depends on the content of the review and the length of the text.

4 — By asking yourself questions as you read or study.


If there’s one thing above all that students need to learn, it’s how to learn! More specifically, students need to know how to learn effectively. There are a number of techniques and skills you can employ to improve your learning. Read on to find out more.

First of all, you need to be in the right frame of mind. Studying should be seen as an enjoyable opportunity to learn rather than a necessary evil that prevents you from relaxing or having fun. (A43)___In order to take that step, get rid of any distractions. If you have a computer, a TV or PlayStation in your room, turn it off or study somewhere else. Also, think positively when you study by reminding yourself that you have the skills and abilities to get ahead. Don’t let negative thoughts take over. If you haven’t allowed yourself enough time to prepare for an exam or to write an assignment, don’t give up! (A4)___And never, ever compare yourself with others. We’re all different and we all have different abilities and talents.

Then there’s sçheduling. You have to develop a schedule in order to make the best use of your most valuable resource, time. Маке that schedule and stick to it because it will guide you in how to manage the available time most productively. Don’t! You must take your studying seriously — it isn’t something to be done when you get around to it or have some spare time. (A45)___Do you really think you can learn an entire term’s worth of course material in one night? Of course not. By spending just half an hour a day revising the material, you’ll stay on top of things. Study regularly throughout the term for as many subjects as you car Don’t wait until exam time to open your books!

So, you’re ready to study and you’ve got a schedule. W hat next? Read effectively. (A46)___How often have you read to the bottom of a page and suddenly realised that you remember absolutely nothing? Probably more often than you care to admit. Unless you read ‘actively’, you won’t learn. How do you become an active reader? (A7)___This makes sense as the important things to learn are usually answers to questions. If you ask and answer questions about what, why, how, when, who and where, you will begin to make sense of the material and remember it more easily. Another good technique to use is to break up chapters into sections and deal with each one separately. (A48)___Make sure you understand everything before continuing to the next section. In this way, you steadily build up your understanding of the material in small, manageable steps.

See? It is possible to study and learn without stress if you study smart!

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

54
Задание 48 № 2028

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A48) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — Read, stop and review what you have just read.

2 — This doesn’t mean just running your eyes over the lines of the text.

3 — It depends on the content of the review and the length of the text.

4 — By asking yourself questions as you read or study.


If there’s one thing above all that students need to learn, it’s how to learn! More specifically, students need to know how to learn effectively. There are a number of techniques and skills you can employ to improve your learning. Read on to find out more.

First of all, you need to be in the right frame of mind. Studying should be seen as an enjoyable opportunity to learn rather than a necessary evil that prevents you from relaxing or having fun. (A43)___In order to take that step, get rid of any distractions. If you have a computer, a TV or PlayStation in your room, turn it off or study somewhere else. Also, think positively when you study by reminding yourself that you have the skills and abilities to get ahead. Don’t let negative thoughts take over. If you haven’t allowed yourself enough time to prepare for an exam or to write an assignment, don’t give up! (A4)___And never, ever compare yourself with others. We’re all different and we all have different abilities and talents.

Then there’s sçheduling. You have to develop a schedule in order to make the best use of your most valuable resource, time. Маке that schedule and stick to it because it will guide you in how to manage the available time most productively. Don’t! You must take your studying seriously — it isn’t something to be done when you get around to it or have some spare time. (A45)___Do you really think you can learn an entire term’s worth of course material in one night? Of course not. By spending just half an hour a day revising the material, you’ll stay on top of things. Study regularly throughout the term for as many subjects as you car Don’t wait until exam time to open your books!

So, you’re ready to study and you’ve got a schedule. W hat next? Read effectively. (A46)___How often have you read to the bottom of a page and suddenly realised that you remember absolutely nothing? Probably more often than you care to admit. Unless you read ‘actively’, you won’t learn. How do you become an active reader? (A7)___This makes sense as the important things to learn are usually answers to questions. If you ask and answer questions about what, why, how, when, who and where, you will begin to make sense of the material and remember it more easily. Another good technique to use is to break up chapters into sections and deal with each one separately. (A48)___Make sure you understand everything before continuing to the next section. In this way, you steadily build up your understanding of the material in small, manageable steps.

See? It is possible to study and learn without stress if you study smart!

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

55
Задание 43 № 2085

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A43) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — Last but not least, a high degree of patience is an absolute must as, believe it or not, crime investigation can often be a very lengthy and boring process.

2 — During this time, the officer learns all the basics of general police work.

3 — So great is the volume, that the police have set up road shows where victims can search for their property.

4 — Typical mundane tasks include going house to house asking questions or searching carefully through a suspect’s phone records for clues to a crime.


Anne Carlisle explains the history and work of Britain’s police detectives.

Way back in 1828, the world’s first modern police force was created by Sir Robert Peel. The Metropolitan Police Force of London made its home at the famous Scotland Yard and quickly became the model for police forces around the world. But it would be another decade before the Detective Branch of Scotland Yard was set up. This branch later became the Criminal Investigation Department (commonly known as CID) and to this day remains the main police department in Britain responsible for major crime investigation.

Becoming a plain-clothes detective in the CID is no easy task. Firstly, a police officer needs to have served for at least two years as a uniformed officer. (A43)____Once this period has been completed the officer can then apply to go to a detective training school. However, there’s no guarantee they will be accepted.

In order to become a detective, an officer needs to possess a wide range of skills and qualities, the most obvious being complete honesty and good character. They also need to be highly observant and to have good judgement. (A44) ____An officer with all these skills could more than likely find themselves being accepted to train as a detective.

Most of these ‘detectives-to-be’ discover that the really hard work begins once they get to the training school. There, the officers receive intensive instruction in all areas related to solving major crime. For instance, they will have to learn about psychology, which will come in handy when they are questioning suspects and witnesses. Perhaps the most difficult subjects, though, deal with learning all about the modem scientific methods now used in crime detection.

Once our future Sherlocks have completed their initial training, they begin life as detective constables and start working on unsolved crime cases in the CID. Most of the work they do is not nearly as glamorous as it seems on TV and in novels. (A45)____Not exactly fascinating work, but essential all the same.

Apart from having to do painstaking investigative work, detectives also have a lot of paperwork to deal with. (A46)____Every detail of a crime and its investigation must be recorded. Most detectives find the amount of clerical work they have to do the most frustrating part of their job.

Nonetheless, it can be a very rewarding job; a detective gets great satisfaction knowing they have solved a major crime. However, a detective’s job is still not over after a suspect has been arrested and charged. (A47)____Only when the offender is actually behind bars is the detective’s goal achieved. Then there’s always the next case to tackle, of course.

In many ways, the detectives of today are similar to the ones of the past. Much of the work has hardly changed at all. Detectives still have to ask questions and find answers. (A48)____Whether it is using computers or looking through a microscope, it all helps to get the crime solved. In the end, just like the detectives we avidly watch on TV, they are heroes doing everything in their power to get the bad guys off our streets.

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

56
Задание 44 № 2086

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A44) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — Last but not least, a high degree of patience is an absolute must as, believe it or not, crime investigation can often be a very lengthy and boring process.

2 — During this time, the officer learns all the basics of general police work.

3 — So great is the volume, that the police have set up road shows where victims can search for their property.

4 — Typical mundane tasks include going house to house asking questions or searching carefully through a suspect’s phone records for clues to a crime.


Anne Carlisle explains the history and work of Britain’s police detectives.

Way back in 1828, the world’s first modern police force was created by Sir Robert Peel. The Metropolitan Police Force of London made its home at the famous Scotland Yard and quickly became the model for police forces around the world. But it would be another decade before the Detective Branch of Scotland Yard was set up. This branch later became the Criminal Investigation Department (commonly known as CID) and to this day remains the main police department in Britain responsible for major crime investigation.

Becoming a plain-clothes detective in the CID is no easy task. Firstly, a police officer needs to have served for at least two years as a uniformed officer. (A43)____Once this period has been completed the officer can then apply to go to a detective training school. However, there’s no guarantee they will be accepted.

In order to become a detective, an officer needs to possess a wide range of skills and qualities, the most obvious being complete honesty and good character. They also need to be highly observant and to have good judgement. (A44) ____An officer with all these skills could more than likely find themselves being accepted to train as a detective.

Most of these ‘detectives-to-be’ discover that the really hard work begins once they get to the training school. There, the officers receive intensive instruction in all areas related to solving major crime. For instance, they will have to learn about psychology, which will come in handy when they are questioning suspects and witnesses. Perhaps the most difficult subjects, though, deal with learning all about the modem scientific methods now used in crime detection.

Once our future Sherlocks have completed their initial training, they begin life as detective constables and start working on unsolved crime cases in the CID. Most of the work they do is not nearly as glamorous as it seems on TV and in novels. (A45)____Not exactly fascinating work, but essential all the same.

Apart from having to do painstaking investigative work, detectives also have a lot of paperwork to deal with. (A46)____Every detail of a crime and its investigation must be recorded. Most detectives find the amount of clerical work they have to do the most frustrating part of their job.

Nonetheless, it can be a very rewarding job; a detective gets great satisfaction knowing they have solved a major crime. However, a detective’s job is still not over after a suspect has been arrested and charged. (A47)____Only when the offender is actually behind bars is the detective’s goal achieved. Then there’s always the next case to tackle, of course.

In many ways, the detectives of today are similar to the ones of the past. Much of the work has hardly changed at all. Detectives still have to ask questions and find answers. (A48)____Whether it is using computers or looking through a microscope, it all helps to get the crime solved. In the end, just like the detectives we avidly watch on TV, they are heroes doing everything in their power to get the bad guys off our streets.

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

57
Задание 46 № 2088

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A46) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — The main difference is the technology and modern science now available to help them.

2 — For every investigation, forms have to be filled in and reports written.

3 — In fact, it is nothing like it used to be.

4 — In addition to catching criminals, they have to give evidence in court.


Anne Carlisle explains the history and work of Britain’s police detectives.

Way back in 1828, the world’s first modern police force was created by Sir Robert Peel. The Metropolitan Police Force of London made its home at the famous Scotland Yard and quickly became the model for police forces around the world. But it would be another decade before the Detective Branch of Scotland Yard was set up. This branch later became the Criminal Investigation Department (commonly known as CID) and to this day remains the main police department in Britain responsible for major crime investigation.

Becoming a plain-clothes detective in the CID is no easy task. Firstly, a police officer needs to have served for at least two years as a uniformed officer. (A43)____Once this period has been completed the officer can then apply to go to a detective training school. However, there’s no guarantee they will be accepted.

In order to become a detective, an officer needs to possess a wide range of skills and qualities, the most obvious being complete honesty and good character. They also need to be highly observant and to have good judgement. (A44) ____An officer with all these skills could more than likely find themselves being accepted to train as a detective.

Most of these ‘detectives-to-be’ discover that the really hard work begins once they get to the training school. There, the officers receive intensive instruction in all areas related to solving major crime. For instance, they will have to learn about psychology, which will come in handy when they are questioning suspects and witnesses. Perhaps the most difficult subjects, though, deal with learning all about the modem scientific methods now used in crime detection.

Once our future Sherlocks have completed their initial training, they begin life as detective constables and start working on unsolved crime cases in the CID. Most of the work they do is not nearly as glamorous as it seems on TV and in novels. (A45)____Not exactly fascinating work, but essential all the same.

Apart from having to do painstaking investigative work, detectives also have a lot of paperwork to deal with. (A46)____Every detail of a crime and its investigation must be recorded. Most detectives find the amount of clerical work they have to do the most frustrating part of their job.

Nonetheless, it can be a very rewarding job; a detective gets great satisfaction knowing they have solved a major crime. However, a detective’s job is still not over after a suspect has been arrested and charged. (A47)____Only when the offender is actually behind bars is the detective’s goal achieved. Then there’s always the next case to tackle, of course.

In many ways, the detectives of today are similar to the ones of the past. Much of the work has hardly changed at all. Detectives still have to ask questions and find answers. (A48)____Whether it is using computers or looking through a microscope, it all helps to get the crime solved. In the end, just like the detectives we avidly watch on TV, they are heroes doing everything in their power to get the bad guys off our streets.

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

58
Задание 48 № 2090

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A48) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — The main difference is the technology and modern science now available to help them.

2 — For every investigation, forms have to be filled in and reports written.

3 — In fact, it is nothing like it used to be.

4 — In addition to catching criminals, they have to give evidence in court.


Anne Carlisle explains the history and work of Britain’s police detectives.

Way back in 1828, the world’s first modern police force was created by Sir Robert Peel. The Metropolitan Police Force of London made its home at the famous Scotland Yard and quickly became the model for police forces around the world. But it would be another decade before the Detective Branch of Scotland Yard was set up. This branch later became the Criminal Investigation Department (commonly known as CID) and to this day remains the main police department in Britain responsible for major crime investigation.

Becoming a plain-clothes detective in the CID is no easy task. Firstly, a police officer needs to have served for at least two years as a uniformed officer. (A43)____Once this period has been completed the officer can then apply to go to a detective training school. However, there’s no guarantee they will be accepted.

In order to become a detective, an officer needs to possess a wide range of skills and qualities, the most obvious being complete honesty and good character. They also need to be highly observant and to have good judgement. (A44) ____An officer with all these skills could more than likely find themselves being accepted to train as a detective.

Most of these ‘detectives-to-be’ discover that the really hard work begins once they get to the training school. There, the officers receive intensive instruction in all areas related to solving major crime. For instance, they will have to learn about psychology, which will come in handy when they are questioning suspects and witnesses. Perhaps the most difficult subjects, though, deal with learning all about the modem scientific methods now used in crime detection.

Once our future Sherlocks have completed their initial training, they begin life as detective constables and start working on unsolved crime cases in the CID. Most of the work they do is not nearly as glamorous as it seems on TV and in novels. (A45)____Not exactly fascinating work, but essential all the same.

Apart from having to do painstaking investigative work, detectives also have a lot of paperwork to deal with. (A46)____Every detail of a crime and its investigation must be recorded. Most detectives find the amount of clerical work they have to do the most frustrating part of their job.

Nonetheless, it can be a very rewarding job; a detective gets great satisfaction knowing they have solved a major crime. However, a detective’s job is still not over after a suspect has been arrested and charged. (A47)____Only when the offender is actually behind bars is the detective’s goal achieved. Then there’s always the next case to tackle, of course.

In many ways, the detectives of today are similar to the ones of the past. Much of the work has hardly changed at all. Detectives still have to ask questions and find answers. (A48)____Whether it is using computers or looking through a microscope, it all helps to get the crime solved. In the end, just like the detectives we avidly watch on TV, they are heroes doing everything in their power to get the bad guys off our streets.

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4

59
Задание 45 № 2208

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A45) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — That meant the added cost of a private tutor at £ 140 a month.

2 — However, all these sacrifices have not been enough.

3 — June has her own reasons for wanting Kelly’s success.

4 — All to give their daughter Kelly the chance to become a world champion ice-skater.


June and Malcolm Harding spent their life savings on their first home, and thought they were set for life. But just over a year later, June handed the keys back to the estate agent. Since then they’ve also sold

most of their furniture. (A43)____

What started as a way to stop Kelly being bored in the summer holiday has become the focus of all their lives. She won her first competition after only 10 weeks of skating lessons. Soon after, Kelly’s coach left Britain for Canada and her parting words changed the Harding’s lives for ever. “Find the money to keep Kelly on the ice,” she urged. “She’ll go all the way to the top.” From then on, there was no question — whatever it cost to make Kelly a winner, they’d find a way.

(A44)____“I started skating when I was 10,” — June said. “I saved all the money I could for lessons by doing errands for neighbours. But Mum and Dad were poor and when Mum saved to buy me boots, Dad said that it was a mere waste. I never skated again. I wasn’t going to let that happen to Kelly.” They had to take Kelly out of school so she could practise more. As she was still only fourteen, they had to guarantee the local authorities she’d continue her studies until she was seventeen. (A45)____

“I worked out we only got £ 500 for £ 5,000 worth of furniture — but at least it paid for some more lessons,” said June. “The only things we kept were the TV and video because we can never afford to go out. Luckily, our new accommodation is furnished. We took our car off the road because we can’t afford to run it. We haven’t had a phone for four months, or a holiday in six years.” (A46)____

Despite being permanently poor, June and Malcolm have no doubt they’re doing the right thing. “Just seeing Kelly on the ice, smiling and happy, makes it all worthwhile,” her father said. .“Even if she doesn’t make it she’ll have had the opportunity thousands of girls haven’t.”

Kelly, now seventeen, was placed 13th in last year’s junior championship and has won nearly thirty competitions so far. “I know I’m very lucky,” she admits. (A47)____Her coach, a former British champion, is

convinced she’ll go far. “I think she’ll make the Olympic squad,” she said. “Kelly is an exceptional girl — gifted and very hardworking.”

(A48)____It’s unlikely that her mum will ever see her win, though, because she gets too nervous to watch. “People think we’re mad giving up everything,” continues June, “but we believe in our daughter... I’d do it all over again tomorrow.”

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