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1
Задание 37 № 37

Jamie benefits from his sessions with the dolphins because


§1. As his feet splash through the warm waters of a huge outdoor pool at Dolphin Cove in the Florida Keys, USA, tenyear-old Jamie has a delighted expression on his face. He suffers from a disability which means he has difficulty communicating with the rest of the world, but the presence of playful dolphins elicits attention and squeals of pleasure. His parents are happy, too. 'In the past, he wouldn't even touch anything solid, and now he's grabbing hold of the dolphin's fin', says May, Jamie's mother. 'It's opening a new world for him.'

§2. The captive dolphins are part of the Dolphin Human Therapy programme, established by Dr David Nathanson, who uses dolphins to help children with mental and physical disabilities. The dolphins are not treated as miracle healers. Instead, the possibility of touching their grey-suede skin or even having a swim with a dolphin is a reward that encourages children like Jamie to respond to their teachers, who sit with the children at the water's edge. The sessions start with the teacher encouraging the child to motion 'hello' to a dolphin, which responds with a shake of its head or fin. The child is offered another chance to play with the dolphin if he or she works hard during the session.

§3. Adults too are attracted to swimming with captive dolphins as well. At a theme park near Orlando, people pay to have a 30-minute swim with them. It is a deeply memorable experience. When a swimmer slides into water alongside a dolphin they can actually feel their skin tingling as the dolphin scans them with sonar (гидролокатор). Then with a flip of their powerful tails, the dolphins are off, gliding around effortlessly, clearly observing their human visitors.

§4. Anyone tempted to swim with wild dolphins, however, should be careful. They can have a vicious streak. Male dolphins will sometimes kill baby dolphins, to attract the attention of females. They have also been filmed killing small porpoises (animals similar to dolphins), probably mistaking them for baby dolphins.

§5. Scientists have discovered that dolphins 'talk' to each other, through a form of whistling. The animals practise 'whistle matching', which is when one dolphin whistles and another repeats the sound within three seconds.

§6. Back at Dolphin Cove, the dolphins' contribution to the children's progress is acknowledged. 'I think dolphins are incredible,' says Jeffrey Bicknell, who works with the children. 'I've seen them look at a child and observe what the problem is, and change their behaviour according to the nature of the problem. They are more dominant with some children, more patient with others.'

1
Задание 38 № 38

When the dolphins are with the children, they

1) sometimes play amongst themselves.
2) try to attract the children‟s attention.
3) react when the children wave at them.

2
Задание 39 № 39

Studies of wild dolphins have shown that some are

1) aggressive towards other dolphins.
2) more unfriendly than they used to be.
3) willing to swim with humans.

3
Задание 40 № 40

Jeffrey Bicknell points out that dolphins

1) prefer playing with particular types of children.
2) behave according to the needs of individual children.
3) communicate with each other about the children.

4
Задание 41 № 41

Определите значение указанного слова в тексте.

 

motion (§2)

1) say
2) wave
3) smile

5
Задание 42 № 42

Определите значение указанного слова в тексте.

 

incredible (§6)

1) inattentive
2) unnoticeable
3) unbelievable
1) he has never been swimming before.
2) he plays with the dolphins in the water.
3) he has always enjoyed being with animals.

2
Задание 38 № 38

When the dolphins are with the children, they


§1. As his feet splash through the warm waters of a huge outdoor pool at Dolphin Cove in the Florida Keys, USA, tenyear-old Jamie has a delighted expression on his face. He suffers from a disability which means he has difficulty communicating with the rest of the world, but the presence of playful dolphins elicits attention and squeals of pleasure. His parents are happy, too. 'In the past, he wouldn't even touch anything solid, and now he's grabbing hold of the dolphin's fin', says May, Jamie's mother. 'It's opening a new world for him.'

§2. The captive dolphins are part of the Dolphin Human Therapy programme, established by Dr David Nathanson, who uses dolphins to help children with mental and physical disabilities. The dolphins are not treated as miracle healers. Instead, the possibility of touching their grey-suede skin or even having a swim with a dolphin is a reward that encourages children like Jamie to respond to their teachers, who sit with the children at the water's edge. The sessions start with the teacher encouraging the child to motion 'hello' to a dolphin, which responds with a shake of its head or fin. The child is offered another chance to play with the dolphin if he or she works hard during the session.

§3. Adults too are attracted to swimming with captive dolphins as well. At a theme park near Orlando, people pay to have a 30-minute swim with them. It is a deeply memorable experience. When a swimmer slides into water alongside a dolphin they can actually feel their skin tingling as the dolphin scans them with sonar (гидролокатор). Then with a flip of their powerful tails, the dolphins are off, gliding around effortlessly, clearly observing their human visitors.

§4. Anyone tempted to swim with wild dolphins, however, should be careful. They can have a vicious streak. Male dolphins will sometimes kill baby dolphins, to attract the attention of females. They have also been filmed killing small porpoises (animals similar to dolphins), probably mistaking them for baby dolphins.

§5. Scientists have discovered that dolphins 'talk' to each other, through a form of whistling. The animals practise 'whistle matching', which is when one dolphin whistles and another repeats the sound within three seconds.

§6. Back at Dolphin Cove, the dolphins' contribution to the children's progress is acknowledged. 'I think dolphins are incredible,' says Jeffrey Bicknell, who works with the children. 'I've seen them look at a child and observe what the problem is, and change their behaviour according to the nature of the problem. They are more dominant with some children, more patient with others.'

1
Задание 37 № 37

Jamie benefits from his sessions with the dolphins because

1) he has never been swimming before.
2) he plays with the dolphins in the water.
3) he has always enjoyed being with animals.

2
Задание 39 № 39

Studies of wild dolphins have shown that some are

1) aggressive towards other dolphins.
2) more unfriendly than they used to be.
3) willing to swim with humans.

3
Задание 40 № 40

Jeffrey Bicknell points out that dolphins

1) prefer playing with particular types of children.
2) behave according to the needs of individual children.
3) communicate with each other about the children.

4
Задание 41 № 41

Определите значение указанного слова в тексте.

 

motion (§2)

1) say
2) wave
3) smile

5
Задание 42 № 42

Определите значение указанного слова в тексте.

 

incredible (§6)

1) inattentive
2) unnoticeable
3) unbelievable
1) sometimes play amongst themselves.
2) try to attract the children‟s attention.
3) react when the children wave at them.

3
Задание 39 № 39

Studies of wild dolphins have shown that some are


§1. As his feet splash through the warm waters of a huge outdoor pool at Dolphin Cove in the Florida Keys, USA, tenyear-old Jamie has a delighted expression on his face. He suffers from a disability which means he has difficulty communicating with the rest of the world, but the presence of playful dolphins elicits attention and squeals of pleasure. His parents are happy, too. 'In the past, he wouldn't even touch anything solid, and now he's grabbing hold of the dolphin's fin', says May, Jamie's mother. 'It's opening a new world for him.'

§2. The captive dolphins are part of the Dolphin Human Therapy programme, established by Dr David Nathanson, who uses dolphins to help children with mental and physical disabilities. The dolphins are not treated as miracle healers. Instead, the possibility of touching their grey-suede skin or even having a swim with a dolphin is a reward that encourages children like Jamie to respond to their teachers, who sit with the children at the water's edge. The sessions start with the teacher encouraging the child to motion 'hello' to a dolphin, which responds with a shake of its head or fin. The child is offered another chance to play with the dolphin if he or she works hard during the session.

§3. Adults too are attracted to swimming with captive dolphins as well. At a theme park near Orlando, people pay to have a 30-minute swim with them. It is a deeply memorable experience. When a swimmer slides into water alongside a dolphin they can actually feel their skin tingling as the dolphin scans them with sonar (гидролокатор). Then with a flip of their powerful tails, the dolphins are off, gliding around effortlessly, clearly observing their human visitors.

§4. Anyone tempted to swim with wild dolphins, however, should be careful. They can have a vicious streak. Male dolphins will sometimes kill baby dolphins, to attract the attention of females. They have also been filmed killing small porpoises (animals similar to dolphins), probably mistaking them for baby dolphins.

§5. Scientists have discovered that dolphins 'talk' to each other, through a form of whistling. The animals practise 'whistle matching', which is when one dolphin whistles and another repeats the sound within three seconds.

§6. Back at Dolphin Cove, the dolphins' contribution to the children's progress is acknowledged. 'I think dolphins are incredible,' says Jeffrey Bicknell, who works with the children. 'I've seen them look at a child and observe what the problem is, and change their behaviour according to the nature of the problem. They are more dominant with some children, more patient with others.'

1
Задание 37 № 37

Jamie benefits from his sessions with the dolphins because

1) he has never been swimming before.
2) he plays with the dolphins in the water.
3) he has always enjoyed being with animals.

2
Задание 38 № 38

When the dolphins are with the children, they

1) sometimes play amongst themselves.
2) try to attract the children‟s attention.
3) react when the children wave at them.

3
Задание 40 № 40

Jeffrey Bicknell points out that dolphins

1) prefer playing with particular types of children.
2) behave according to the needs of individual children.
3) communicate with each other about the children.

4
Задание 41 № 41

Определите значение указанного слова в тексте.

 

motion (§2)

1) say
2) wave
3) smile

5
Задание 42 № 42

Определите значение указанного слова в тексте.

 

incredible (§6)

1) inattentive
2) unnoticeable
3) unbelievable
1) aggressive towards other dolphins.
2) more unfriendly than they used to be.
3) willing to swim with humans.

4
Задание 40 № 40

Jeffrey Bicknell points out that dolphins


§1. As his feet splash through the warm waters of a huge outdoor pool at Dolphin Cove in the Florida Keys, USA, tenyear-old Jamie has a delighted expression on his face. He suffers from a disability which means he has difficulty communicating with the rest of the world, but the presence of playful dolphins elicits attention and squeals of pleasure. His parents are happy, too. 'In the past, he wouldn't even touch anything solid, and now he's grabbing hold of the dolphin's fin', says May, Jamie's mother. 'It's opening a new world for him.'

§2. The captive dolphins are part of the Dolphin Human Therapy programme, established by Dr David Nathanson, who uses dolphins to help children with mental and physical disabilities. The dolphins are not treated as miracle healers. Instead, the possibility of touching their grey-suede skin or even having a swim with a dolphin is a reward that encourages children like Jamie to respond to their teachers, who sit with the children at the water's edge. The sessions start with the teacher encouraging the child to motion 'hello' to a dolphin, which responds with a shake of its head or fin. The child is offered another chance to play with the dolphin if he or she works hard during the session.

§3. Adults too are attracted to swimming with captive dolphins as well. At a theme park near Orlando, people pay to have a 30-minute swim with them. It is a deeply memorable experience. When a swimmer slides into water alongside a dolphin they can actually feel their skin tingling as the dolphin scans them with sonar (гидролокатор). Then with a flip of their powerful tails, the dolphins are off, gliding around effortlessly, clearly observing their human visitors.

§4. Anyone tempted to swim with wild dolphins, however, should be careful. They can have a vicious streak. Male dolphins will sometimes kill baby dolphins, to attract the attention of females. They have also been filmed killing small porpoises (animals similar to dolphins), probably mistaking them for baby dolphins.

§5. Scientists have discovered that dolphins 'talk' to each other, through a form of whistling. The animals practise 'whistle matching', which is when one dolphin whistles and another repeats the sound within three seconds.

§6. Back at Dolphin Cove, the dolphins' contribution to the children's progress is acknowledged. 'I think dolphins are incredible,' says Jeffrey Bicknell, who works with the children. 'I've seen them look at a child and observe what the problem is, and change their behaviour according to the nature of the problem. They are more dominant with some children, more patient with others.'

1
Задание 37 № 37

Jamie benefits from his sessions with the dolphins because

1) he has never been swimming before.
2) he plays with the dolphins in the water.
3) he has always enjoyed being with animals.

2
Задание 38 № 38

When the dolphins are with the children, they

1) sometimes play amongst themselves.
2) try to attract the children‟s attention.
3) react when the children wave at them.

3
Задание 39 № 39

Studies of wild dolphins have shown that some are

1) aggressive towards other dolphins.
2) more unfriendly than they used to be.
3) willing to swim with humans.

4
Задание 41 № 41

Определите значение указанного слова в тексте.

 

motion (§2)

1) say
2) wave
3) smile

5
Задание 42 № 42

Определите значение указанного слова в тексте.

 

incredible (§6)

1) inattentive
2) unnoticeable
3) unbelievable
1) prefer playing with particular types of children.
2) behave according to the needs of individual children.
3) communicate with each other about the children.

5
Задание 36 № 96

Прочитайте текст и выберите вариант ответа, соответствующий его содержанию.

 

What do we learn about Margherita in the first paragraph?


1. Margherita Taylor is the only female presenter at Capital Radio, one of London's top music radio stations. She got into radio while she was a student in Birmingham. Along with hundreds of other hopefuls, she and a friend queued for hours in the rain to take part in a 'Search for a Star' competition held by a local radio station, BRMB. "I had to read a travel script and a weather script, talk about myself for a minute, then introduce a record." Within days the phone call came to say that her voice had earned her a regular show on BRMB. Truly the stuff dreams are made of. After working there for 18 months, she was offered a job with Capital.

2. Margherita claims never to get nervous before a show. "You can't get nervous because then you make mistakes, she says. Of course, there has been the odd disaster. "For instance, when I did my first live concert show at BRMB, I'd only done one programme. In front of a crowd of 50,000, I went on stage to introduce a certain well-known singer. I said: "Please welcome our next performer. You know her best for hits like." Then I just went blank. There was this silence from the crowd, and for the life of me I couldn't think what she'd sung. That's one occasion that will stay with me for ever."

3. Margherita says that her own musical tastes are varied. But she doesn't pick her own music for the show. The Capital computer selects the records in advance from a list approved by the station managers. "The station has a certain sound, and if we all picked our own music, it wouldn't sound like Capital," she says."But for someone who likes music, this is a dream job. I get to go to concerts and meet the bands you can hear on my show. It's great to hear the "behind the scenes"gossip."

4. Most people would expect that a presenter's most important qualities are a nice voice and huge amounts of confidence, but Margherita says that basic maths is handy as well. "You have to make sure that you've got an eye on everything that's going on in the studio, but you've got to be able to add and subtract and think in minutes and seconds," she says. "You're dealing with timed records, and you have to be ready to switch to the news at exactly the right second. If you're going over to a live event, you need to be ready for that on time, not a second earlier or later."

5. Margherita Taylor is very nice and very easy-going, but very much in control. She is so much a "Capital Radio girl" that you might think she is just doing a good job for the station's publicity department, although you know what she's saying really comes from the heart. She smiles a lot, laughs a lot and is generally a great advert for Capital.

1
Задание 37 № 97

Прочитайте текст и выберите вариант ответа, соответствующий его содержанию.

 

What do we learn about Margherita's first live concert show?

1) Being nervous was not the cause of the problem.
2) People often remind her of what happened then.
3) She had not expected to have the problem she had.

2
Задание 38 № 98

Прочитайте текст и выберите вариант ответа, соответствующий его содержанию.

 

One point Margherita makes about her job is that she

1) is unhappy that the records she plays are chosen for her.
2) likes most of the music that she plays on her show.
3) enjoys talking to the people whose records she plays.

3
Задание 39 № 99

Прочитайте текст и выберите вариант ответа, соответствующий его содержанию.

 

What does Margherita Say about presenting a show?

1) It is essential to keep in mind what is going to happen next.
2) It is more complicated than she had previously thought.
3) The content of a show is sometimes changed suddenly.

4
Задание 40 № 100

Определите значение указанного слова в тексте.

 

approved (3)

1) corrected
2) accepted
3) composed

5
Задание 41 № 101

Определите значение указанного слова в тексте.

 

handy (4)

1) skilful
2) useful
3) available

6
Задание 42 № 102

Выберите правильный вариант перевода (1, 2 или 3) в соответствии с содержанием текста.

 

She Smiles a lot, laughs a lot and is generally a great advert for Capital. (5)

1) Она много улыбается и смеется, и в целом она фанат радиостанции «Кэпитал».
2) Она часто улыбается и смеется и все время восхищается радиостанцией «Кэнитал»
3) Она часто улыбается, много смеется, и вообще она прекрасная реклама для радиостанции «Кэпитал».
1) She became a radio presenter by chance.
2) She expected to win the competition.
3) She was keen to become a radio presenter.

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