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1
Задание 42 № 102

Выберите правильный вариант перевода (1, 2 или 3) в соответствии с содержанием текста.

 

She Smiles a lot, laughs a lot and is generally a great advert for Capital. (5)


1. Margherita Taylor is the only female presenter at Capital Radio, one of London's top music radio stations. She got into radio while she was a student in Birmingham. Along with hundreds of other hopefuls, she and a friend queued for hours in the rain to take part in a 'Search for a Star' competition held by a local radio station, BRMB. "I had to read a travel script and a weather script, talk about myself for a minute, then introduce a record." Within days the phone call came to say that her voice had earned her a regular show on BRMB. Truly the stuff dreams are made of. After working there for 18 months, she was offered a job with Capital.

2. Margherita claims never to get nervous before a show. "You can't get nervous because then you make mistakes, she says. Of course, there has been the odd disaster. "For instance, when I did my first live concert show at BRMB, I'd only done one programme. In front of a crowd of 50,000, I went on stage to introduce a certain well-known singer. I said: "Please welcome our next performer. You know her best for hits like." Then I just went blank. There was this silence from the crowd, and for the life of me I couldn't think what she'd sung. That's one occasion that will stay with me for ever."

3. Margherita says that her own musical tastes are varied. But she doesn't pick her own music for the show. The Capital computer selects the records in advance from a list approved by the station managers. "The station has a certain sound, and if we all picked our own music, it wouldn't sound like Capital," she says."But for someone who likes music, this is a dream job. I get to go to concerts and meet the bands you can hear on my show. It's great to hear the "behind the scenes"gossip."

4. Most people would expect that a presenter's most important qualities are a nice voice and huge amounts of confidence, but Margherita says that basic maths is handy as well. "You have to make sure that you've got an eye on everything that's going on in the studio, but you've got to be able to add and subtract and think in minutes and seconds," she says. "You're dealing with timed records, and you have to be ready to switch to the news at exactly the right second. If you're going over to a live event, you need to be ready for that on time, not a second earlier or later."

5. Margherita Taylor is very nice and very easy-going, but very much in control. She is so much a "Capital Radio girl" that you might think she is just doing a good job for the station's publicity department, although you know what she's saying really comes from the heart. She smiles a lot, laughs a lot and is generally a great advert for Capital.

1
Задание 36 № 96

Прочитайте текст и выберите вариант ответа, соответствующий его содержанию.

 

What do we learn about Margherita in the first paragraph?

1) She became a radio presenter by chance.
2) She expected to win the competition.
3) She was keen to become a radio presenter.

2
Задание 37 № 97

Прочитайте текст и выберите вариант ответа, соответствующий его содержанию.

 

What do we learn about Margherita's first live concert show?

1) Being nervous was not the cause of the problem.
2) People often remind her of what happened then.
3) She had not expected to have the problem she had.

3
Задание 38 № 98

Прочитайте текст и выберите вариант ответа, соответствующий его содержанию.

 

One point Margherita makes about her job is that she

1) is unhappy that the records she plays are chosen for her.
2) likes most of the music that she plays on her show.
3) enjoys talking to the people whose records she plays.

4
Задание 39 № 99

Прочитайте текст и выберите вариант ответа, соответствующий его содержанию.

 

What does Margherita Say about presenting a show?

1) It is essential to keep in mind what is going to happen next.
2) It is more complicated than she had previously thought.
3) The content of a show is sometimes changed suddenly.

5
Задание 40 № 100

Определите значение указанного слова в тексте.

 

approved (3)

1) corrected
2) accepted
3) composed

6
Задание 41 № 101

Определите значение указанного слова в тексте.

 

handy (4)

1) skilful
2) useful
3) available
1) Она много улыбается и смеется, и в целом она фанат радиостанции «Кэпитал».
2) Она часто улыбается и смеется и все время восхищается радиостанцией «Кэнитал»
3) Она часто улыбается, много смеется, и вообще она прекрасная реклама для радиостанции «Кэпитал».

2
Задание 42 № 162

Выберите правильный вариант перевода в соответствии с содержанием текста.

 

Once there, I rented an apartment and hired a little motorbike. (§ 3)


§ 1. If you walk into any bookstore there is an entire shelf dedicated to books about people who decide to change their lives by relocating to another country. I used to laugh at those kinds of books and wonder why anyone would put themselves through the discomfort of going to live in a foreign country — all in search of a simple lifel

§ 2. One day, instead of walking straight past this section, I selected a book to read on the train. It was about an accountant who realised one day how boring her life was, so she bought a ticket to Italy. After reading the book, the idea of moving abroad had lodged (засела) itself in my mind and was turning into a magnificent possibility.

§ 3. I resigned from the hospital where I worked, sold my apartment and moved to the region of Umbria in Italy. Once there, I rented an apartment and hired a little motorbike. I loved sampling the local cuisine and I signed up for a short cooking course. A very charming local man called Francesco ran the course. Each lesson not only did we learn how to prepare an authentic Umbrian dish, we were also rolling around the floor in fits of laughter, since Francesco was a natural storyteller and we enjoyed his talent for imitating people.

§ 4. I also took a three-month Italian language course. It is fair to say that my attempts at cooking were more successful than my attempts to acquire a new language. I tried hard, however, and after a few weeks of lessons I actually had a short conversation with a local — OK, I only asked for directions to the train station. In my mind, though, this was a triumph of communication and I was satisfied with my modest progress.

§ 5. It was at one of these language classes that I heard a fellow student, John, mention that his neighbour, Sandro, was moving to Rome and selling his farmhouse very cheap. John said he wished he had the money to purchase it himself, as the property was sure to be snapped up soon. I couldn't believe that it cost less than half the amount that I had sold my tiny apartment for. Would I dare to copy the writers of all those books? I had to go and have a look, of course. The farmhouse was located on the top of a hill, and although it was very run-down, it possessed charm. I bought it straight away.

§ 6. The project wasn't without its difficulties, though. The farmhouse was collapsing in several places. My first priority, therefore, was to hire some local workers to add supports to the building. I also strengthened the foundations, installed a new kitchen and renovated the rest of the property. In the end, all the cost and effort were worthwhile, because I felt I belonged here as much as I did anywhere in the world, and I was determined to make it my home. I must say I sometimes look at my collection of books on Italy and think I'd like to have a goal writing one myself I'd like to share my experience and let other dreamers out there know that the difficulty is worth it. I didn't quite find the simple life, but I did find what the Italians call the sweet life — la dolce vita.

1
Задание 36 № 156

Прочитайте текст и выберите вариант ответа, соответствующий его содержанию.

 

What did the author originally think of books about going to live in a foreign country?

1) They took up too much space in bookstores.
2) They didn't interest her in any way.
3) They contained many entertaining stories.

2
Задание 37 № 157

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The impression that the writer gives of Francesco is that

1) he could only cook local food.
2) his cookery course was too short.
3) his students found him amusing.

3
Задание 38 № 158

Прочитайте текст и выберите вариант ответа, соответствующий его содержанию.

 

What did the writer realise about learning the Italian language?

1) that she could learn Italian easily in spite of her age
2) that it was harder than learning to cook local dishes
3) that it would help her to get on better with the locals

4
Задание 39 № 159

Прочитайте текст и выберите вариант ответа, соответствующий его содержанию.

 

What did the writer conclude about her decision to move to Italy?

1) She felt that the unexpected difficulties had spoilt her dreams.
2) She knew that anywhere else in the world would feel just as much like home.
3) She felt that, despite the problems, her decision had been a good one.

5
Задание 40 № 160

Определите значение указанного слова в тексте.

 

be snapped up (§ 5)

1) be in demand
2) become unwanted
3) be pulled down

6
Задание 41 № 161

Определите значение указанного слова в тексте.

 

run-down (§ 5)

1) very low
2) shabby
3) small
1) Когда-то посетив это место, я оплатила квартиру и взяла в аренду небольшой мотоцикл.
2) Приехав туда, я сняла квартиру и взяла напрокат небольшой мотоцикл.
3) В один из своих приездов туда я сдала в аренду апартаменты и взяла в кредит маленький мотоцикл.

3
Задание 42 № 222

Выберите правильный вариант перевода (1, 2 или 3) в соответствии с содержанием текста.

 

Once you arrive, you stay in the Olympic 'Village', ... (§ 3)


§ 1. The moment for Olympic glory and gold occurs once every four years - a moment which becomes the focus for the lives of athletes from all over the world. This one event is their main goal and in order to achieve their dream they are prepared to make any sacrifice. All athletes are selected by their national Olympic Committee to represent their country, and once selected they face two major demands. The first is the mountain of form filling, paperwork and administration. The second is to finalise their preparation for the Games. Most athletes have highly-developed training schedules which enable them to reach the height of their performance for a particular event. However, the Olympics, creates its own timetable and pressures.

§ 2. When I was selected to represent Great Britain, I had approximately a hundred days to prepare. This included finalising training plans, raising nearly £16,000 towards the costs, seeing to travel arrangements and entry forms, and having discussions with my employer about extra time off work to allow me to prepare fully. Throughout my sailing career I had never had the opportunity to become a full-time athlete, so I needed to pursue my business career at the same time as my sporting objectives. However, any top-class athlete in any sport needs a level of business skills when competing at Olympic standard. They need the ability to plan and arrange for all the expenses effectively as well as work towards definite aims.

§ 3. Once you arrive, you stay in the Olympic "Village', which is really a small town housing 15,000 people from every imaginable culture and background. It is fascinating to watch athletes from tiny gymnasts to huge weightlifters and basketball players, and best of all is the excitement at being part of such a select gathering. There are training facilities, souvenir shops, launderettes, a bank and post office, as well as the Village restaurant which seats over 3,000 at one time.

§ 4. So what does it feel like to go to an Olympics? It can be summed up in many ways by the opening ceremony, where thousands of athletes and officials parade wearing their team kit. To most it is an event they will never forget and the honour of just being there is almost magical. And perhaps winning a medal is one of life's major experiences. For me it was the thoughts of family and friends who had all played a part on my road to success, and it felt wonderful. I feel that it is important to try and repay everyone's faith in me by putting something back into the community. I want the younger generation of athletes to benefit in the ways that I did.

1
Задание 36 № 216

Прочитайте текст и выберите вариант ответа, соответствующий его содержанию.

 

In preparation for the Olympics, athletes' training programmes are

1) organised by their personal trainers.
2) designed to avoid too much individual stress.
3) affected by the stress of the occasion itself.

2
Задание 37 № 217

Прочитайте текст и выберите вариант ответа, соответствующий его содержанию.

 

Anyone who reaches the Olympics will benefit from having

1) their expenses professionally handled.
2) a background in the business world.
3) a full-time job in the sporting world.

3
Задание 38 № 218

Прочитайте текст и выберите вариант ответа, соответствующий его содержанию.

 

What did the writer enjoy most about staying in the Olympic Village?

1) the range of competitors
2) the sense of belonging
3) the variety of nationalities

4
Задание 39 № 219

Прочитайте текст и выберите вариант ответа, соответствующий его содержанию.

 

How did the writer react when she won a medal?

1) She thought of all the support she had received.
2) She knew it was a very important moment.
3) She felt it was the greatest honour of her life.

5
Задание 40 № 220

Определите значение указанного слова в тексте.

 

to pursue (§ 2)

1) to keep up
2) to give up
3) to brush up

6
Задание 41 № 221

Определите значение указанного слова в тексте.

 

to benefit (§ 4)

1) to encourage
2) to gain
3) to help
1) Как только вы приезжаете, вы останавливаетесь в Олимпийской деревне, ... .
2) Однажды вы приедете и устроитесь в Олимпийской деревне, ... .
3) Когда вы приедете впервые, вы останетесь в Олимпийской деревне, ... .

4
Задание 42 № 282

Выберите правильный вариант перевода в соответствии с содержанием текста.

 

The free evening events, called "First Saturdays', are Lehman's way of reaching out to people. (§ 4)


§ 1. It is Saturday night at the Brooklyn Museum of Art in New York. In the galleries devoted to African art, children are playing hide-and-seek while the parents sip beer from plastic cups. Some teenage girls head through the sculpture exhibition to a temporary dance floor where a DJ is playing reggae music. Watching the scene is Bryan, a young teacher from a local school. What brings him out tonight? 'I'm here for the reggae, of course,' he says. When I heard they were playing that I thought, "I have to be there," and obviously a lot of people feel the same way.' Besides the DJ, the museum has laid on gallery talks, a Martin Scorsese film, a puppet show and a samba band.

§ 2. The Brooklyn Museum of Art wasn't always so trendy. For decades, it put on excellent exhibitions that few came to see. Had it been over in the city's fashionable Upper East Side, of course, the museum would have been packing them in. Even when they put on dull exhibitions, New York's top museums can count on a steady stream of visitors — mostly tourists. But Brooklyn, one of New York's toughest districts, isn't on the standard tourist route. When the museum was built, it was in a wealthy suburb, but these days the surrounding streets are home to recent immigrants, mostly poor folk from the Caribbean.

§ 3. Two years ago, in an effort to revive itself, the museum appointed a new director, Arnold Lehman, who was born in Brooklyn. Lehman was convinced that the museum should forget about trying to attract visitors from the other side of town and try to appeal instead to people from the surrounding area.

§ 4. The free evening events, called 'First Saturdays', are Lehman's way of reaching out to people. The great thing for me is when you see teenage boys looking at art in the galleries without being handcuffed to their parents,' he says. What's more, the annual number of visitors to the museum has roughly doubled since the scheme was introduced. Similar institutions across the country are now calling, wanting to know how much it costs to throw a good party'. The answer, incidentally, is about $25,000 per event. 'And worth every penny,' says Lehman.

§ 5. The real achievement of First Saturdays is more significant and profound than the increased visitor numbers suggest. Most people visit art museums because they want to have a special 'artistic' experience. The Brooklyn Museum of Art has introduced thousands of people to the idea that museum-going can be a perfectly ordinary part of their lives.

1
Задание 36 № 276

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What has attracted the man called Bryan to the museum this evening?

1) the range of entertainment on offer
2) the chance to meet new people
3) the type of music being played

2
Задание 37 № 277

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In the past, the museum attracted few visitors because of

1) the negative way it was described in reviews.
2) the part of the city where it was located.
3) the limited space it had for exhibitions.

3
Задание 38 № 278

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What did Arnold Lehman decide to do when he became director of the museum?

1) concentrate on art from Brooklyn
2) improve the appearance of the building
3) get local people interested in the museum

4
Задание 39 № 279

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What has pleased Arnold Lehman most about "Free Saturdays"?

1) Young people are showing an interest in art.
2) Other museums are now trying to copy the idea.
3) The idea has made money for the museum.

5
Задание 40 № 280

Определите значение указанного слова в тексте.

 

laid on (§ 1)

1) organised
2) caused
3) studied

6
Задание 41 № 281

Определите значение указанного слова в тексте.

 

steady (§ 2)

1) confident
2) permanent
3) calm
1) Бесплатные вечерние программы под названием «Первые субботы» — это способ, которым Леман пытается привлечь людей.
2) Свободные вечера, которые называются «Первые субботы», — это путь, который приводит Лемана к людям.
3) Вечерние развлечения в свободное время, так называемые «Первые субботы», — это метод, которым Леман пользуется, чтобы быть популярным среди людей.

5
Задание 42 № 942

Выберите правильный вариант перевода в соответствии с содержанием текста.

 

But it didn't turn out that way. (§ 1)


Everyone, whatever their age, can share in the joy and fulfillment of learning, as June Weatherall found out.

§ 1. When I first retired, I thought I'd love spending more time on the gardening, needlework, and other creative activities I'd found so relaxing after my demanding job. But it didn't turn out that way. I found that I didn't want, or need, that kind of relaxation anymore, I wanted to stimulate my mind instead.

§ 2. So, with a couple of friends, I went along to an art appreciation evening class at our local regional college. It was wonderful, but only lasted a year. At the end, I asked my tutor, "What next?' He suggested I attend his history of art access course. "Whatever's that?' I asked. The college had an open evening coming up, so I went along to find out. A full-time access course takes one year and gives you access to university if, like me, you left school without any qualifications, and it's free if you do it full-time. I only wanted to do the art history bit.

§ 3. Lyn, who organises the courses for the college, was enthusiastic. "Why don't you do the whole course? You could start in the spring term with art history, do another module in the summer, then go full-time in the autumn and do all the subjects." It sounded wonderful, but wasn't I a bit old, at 63, to start being a student? A definite 'no'. One of the students that year was 82. That decided it. It must be worth having a go.

§ 4. The art history part of the course, which I've just completed, was stimulating. The tutors are enthusiasts and infect us all with their enjoyment of the subjects they teach. "Lively' would be the word to describe the classes. My fellow students, who are also doing subjects like psychology, maths, biology, etc., are good company. They're mainly people in their thirties with children, taking a second bite at the educational cherry.

§ 5. We have homework and have to do an essay each term for each subject, and sit exams. For art history, we had to produce a journal about all the painters we'd learnt about — which was fun, but rather time-consuming. Occasionally, I envy the more typical mature students, who just do courses for fun and don't have to do exams or essays, but really I'm a very happy lady. There are drawbacks, however. The main one is you have to make a commitment. During term time, you can't just drop everything and go out for the day if the sun shines — one of the supposed joys of retirement.

§ 6. Will I go on to university if I'm successful? I'll see how next year goes. Meanwhile, exercising my brain cells is working well for me. I feel alive. The garden's getting a bit out of control, but that's the least of my worries!

1
Задание 36 № 936

Прочитайте текст. Ответьте на вопросы.

 

What did June discover when she first retired?

1) She had more free time than she expected.
2) She had not really been very happy in her job.
3) She no longer found her old hobbies satisfying.

2
Задание 37 № 937

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What does June say about the teachers on the access course?

1) They are very patient with the more mature students.
2) They appear to be genuinely interested in what they teach.
3) They have problems dealing with such a variety of students.

3
Задание 38 № 938

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What disadvantage of the access course does June mention?

1) It limits her freedom in some ways.
2) It involves homework which is rather boring.
3) It attracts students who are not really committed.

4
Задание 39 № 939

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From the last paragraph, we understand that June is

1) anxious about her garden.
2) enjoying what she's currently doing.
3) determined to take a degree.

5
Задание 40 № 940

Определите значение указанного слова в тексте.

 

a go (§ 3)

1) a try
2) a prize
3) a trick

6
Задание 41 № 941

Определите значение указанного слова в тексте.

 

make a commitment (§ 5)

1) make a suggestion
2) have an achievement
3) feel an obligation
1) Но это не исключало тот путь.
2) Но она не отключалась таким образом.
3) Но все оказалось совсем не так.

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