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Вариант № 5380

1.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа. Заполните пропуск (A1).


Hi, Rob!

How are you doing? I'm OK. My day didn't start too well though. My alarm didn't go off and I (A1)... . (My mum (A2) ... to work early today so she wasn't around in the morning to get me up.) Then I got held up on the way to school because the bus I was on (A3) ... down. When I finally made it into class, I (A4) ... off by the teacher and had to stay on after school for a detention (оставление после урока)! Then on the way back home I bumped into Craig. He (A5) ... a few family dramas to deal with recently. Apparently his dad has been laid off from the bank where he worked and his sister (A6) ... out of the university so they're both at home feeling miserable.

What are you up to at the weekend? A few of us (A7) ... together for a game of beach volleyball. Why don't you come along?

Archie

1) have been oversleeping
2) had been overslept
3) was oversleeping
4) overslept
2.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа. Заполните пропуск (A2).


We (A1) ... along this mountain road, miles from anywhere, when we (A2) ... across a trail of tins of food and bottles of water along the road. I looked out of the car window and noticed this camper van about ten metres below us in a field, with its back door hanging off. It (A3) ... off the road. We stopped the car. A young man (A4) ... back up towards the road. He (A5) ... in blood, so we offered to take him to hospital. As we drove off, with him lying on the back seat, he (A6) ... asking about his girlfriend — was she all right? When we (A7) ... the hospital we found that she (A8) ... up and taken to casualty by someone else. Luckily, she was okay — and so was he, eventually.

1) had come
2) were coming
3) came
4) have come
3.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа. Заполните пропуск (A3).


Before I went for my interview for the job with Cramer and Blake Services, I (A1) ... to a few people and found out some information about the company. This strategy worked very effectively as it gave the impression that I was keen and responsible and I (A2) ... the job on the spot. I was absolutely delighted at first, but soon I discovered that my new boss, Tom, worked very hard, spending all his time in the office. He expected the same level of commitment from his employees. He said each time, "If you (A3) ... overtime, you will let the team down." I (A4) ... up with the situation for a couple of months without complaining, before finally I had to confront Tom. I wasn't prepared to work so hard for such a low salary. Tom said that I had great potential and (A5) ... to the top if I made an effort. However, he totally refused to reduce my workload and so in the end I decided to hand in my resignation. Just a week later I got another job. Now I (A6) ... twice as much as my old boss, and my job is twice as interesting. I (A7) ... to the top yet, but I am well on the way!

1) don't work
2) aren't worked
3) haven't been worked
4) won't be working
4.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа. Заполните пропуск (A4).


Have you ever visited the doctor with an earache or a sore throat? Chances are, you (A1) ... antibiotics to treat the problem. Alexander Fleming (A2) ... across the first antibiotic, penicillin, by accident in 1928. The medicine was then developed and became widely available in the 1940s. It (A3) ... against anything from blood poisoning to tonsillitis. In fact, since then, antibiotics (A4) ... so easy to obtain that they are being overused. They are really for treating serious bacterial infections. Some people believe that antibiotics can be used to cure the common cold or flu but, as these are both viruses, antibiotics (A5) ... no effect on them whatsoever. The overuse of antibiotics (A6) ... infections known as superbugs to develop. These superbugs are too tough {устойчивый) for antibiotics to fight and may be a big problem for future generations. So what can we do? Well, only take antibiotics when necessary and, if your doctor (A7) ... them to you, be sure to follow the instructions and finish the course.

1) became
2) have become
3) are becoming
4) become
5.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа. Заполните пропуск (A5).


A few weeks ago I was at a friend's front door when her father walked across the lawn carrying some fruit in a bag. While I (A1) ... for my friend to answer the door, I decided to make polite conversation with her father and said that soon he (A2) ... the fruit of his labours. Instead of smiling, as he usually did, he looked at me rather angrily and explained that it was his fruit and not his neighbour's. He obviously thought I (A3) ... him for running off with his neighbour's fruit. He had heard the word neighbour's, not labours and had been offended. Fortunately, the misunderstanding (A4) ... up and he began Smiling. When I told my friend what (A5) ..., she laughed. No harm had been done but I nearly regretted speaking to her father. From now on, I (A6) ... it safe (не рисковать) and talk only about the weather in case there (A7) ... a misunderstanding.

1) had happened
2) was happened
3) has happened
4) would happen
6.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа. Заполните пропуск (A6).


Antonio and his friend Pietro (A1) ... on the beach when they (A2) ... somebody shouting. They jumped up and saw that there was a man in trouble in the sea. The man had caught his foot between two rocks. He (A3) ... to free himself for quite a long time, but without success. The friends realised that the man (A4) ... and that they needed to act quickly to save him. Without thinking, they jumped into the sea. When they reached the man, they dived underwater. They (A5) ... for several seconds before they managed to free the man. They swam back to the shore, and pulled the man between them. By the time they (A6) ... the beach, many people (A7) ... there, and everyone started to clap and cheer.

1) reach
2) were reached
3) were reaching
4) reached
7.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа. Заполните пропуск (A7).


Hi, Tom!

The holidays have arrived again! It doesn't seem like a year since the last summer break, but in a few days we'll finish school for six weeks! I'm not sure what I'm going to do this year. Last year I did a summer job. I (A1) ... out my dad in his office when he asked me if I wanted to get paid for it! It was only two mornings a week, but it (A2) ... me some money to spend. How about you? (A3) ... to go away anywhere this summer? I (A4) ... by some friends to go on a sailing holiday and I think I will go. I love sailing. One reason I (A5) ... to you is to ask if you would like to come and stay for a weekend. If you (A6) ... at the end of August, we will go to the music festival in the park. I'm not sure if Lily Allen will be there this year, though. Write and tell me soon because there (A7) ... many tickets... .

Love,

Olga

1) aren't... left
2) hadn't... left
3) aren't... leaving
4) haven't... left
8.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа. Заполните пропуск (A8).


Every October I like to go to France (A8) ... my holidays. Last year I visited the Loire Valley and I had the best two weeks of my life. I had such (A9)... good fun I cried when it was time to leave. When I arrived (A10)... Calais, the sun was shining and I was glad I had decided to go (A11)... camping. There are lots of campsites in the Loire, and I found a small one near a beautiful castle. King Louis XIV had (A12) ... castle built in order to impress a princess he wanted to marry, but she rejected him for an English Duke. I fell in love with (A13) ... place at once. Although October is late (A14) ... camping, there were quite a lot of people staying there. It was highly recommended in my guidebook and a friend of mine had also suggested to go to that particular site. Most of the other campers were around (A15) ... my age and I made friends with several of them. Six of us have agreed to meet there again next year for another great holiday.

1) on
2) during
3) for
4) at
9.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа. Заполните пропуск (A9).


I think the computer is such (A8) ... useful invention. Take e-mail, for example. It is a very easy way to write letters. When I was younger, I rarely ever put pen to (A9) ... paper, not even to say 'thank you' for presents sent by my relatives. Now, though, you can't keep me away (A10) ... the keyboard. I can spend hours typing away (A11) ... my computer, all types of messages to all types of people. One of (A12) ... worst disadvantages for me of writing (A13) ... hand was always the embarrassment of knowing that people would criticise my untidy handwriting and careless spelling. Now thanks (A14) ... the spell-check, I can easily edit my letters. Teenagers nowadays take all this (A15) ... granted, they don't realise how fortunate they are.

1) a
2) an
3) the
4) -
10.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа. Заполните пропуск (A10).


During our lifetime most of us have some experience of either owning a pet or being (A8) ... close contact with someone who does. Various factors influence one's choice of pets, from your reasons (A9) ... getting a pet to your lifestyle. For example, although quite a few pets are relatively cheap to buy, (A10) ... cost of maintenance can be considerable. Everything must be taken (A11) ... account, from food and bedding, to vaccinations and veterinary bills. You must be prepared to spend money and time (A12) ... your pet, which involves shopping for it, cleaning and feeding it. Pets can be demanding and (A13) ... big responsibility. People get pets for company, security or to teach responsibility (A14) ... children. Pets can be affectionate and loyal and (A15) ... excellent source of company as long as you know what pet suits you and your lifestyle.

1) -
2) a
3) an
4) the
11.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа. Заполните пропуск (A11).


An eco-tourism project (А8) ... a difference has just been launched in the South Luangwa National Park in Zambia. Tourists will be offered (А9)... chance to encounter a wide range of wildlife and (A10)... great deal more. This project was set (A11)... by the local villagers who were suffering (A12) ... a downturn in the national economy. They decided to raise money themselves to cover the cost of educational and welfare projects. Tourists will be invited to live the African Village Experience. The tours are led by English speaking villagers, and visitors can choose (A13) ... activities such as meeting the local healer to taking part in cooking or farming. Visitors are also offered (A14) ... option (A15) ... staying the night in the village.

1) up
2) off
3) out
4) in
12.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа. Заполните пропуск (A12).


Nobody wants to deal with a medical emergency when they are on (A8) ... holiday. (A9) ... practice you may not have any choice in (A10) ... matter, and it is best to be as well prepared as possible. If you are travelling independently that means taking a medical kit (аптечка). The whole idea of the kit is that you can carry it around (A11) ... you, therefore it needs to be both light and compact. You can buy a pre-packed kit which includes the main things essential (A12) ... all minor inconveniences. Cuts, stings can be sorted (A13) ... easily by using the things in the kit. It's also important to buy and read a good basic first aid book, which will help you to know what to do (A14) ... any possible emergencies. Finally, keep your first aid kit in a pocket or towards the top of your bag in case you need to find it in (A15) ... hurry.

1) on
2) with
3) from
4) for
13.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа. Заполните пропуск (A13).


Imagine the situation: a busy mother is pushing a heavy trolley around a supermarket. Her baby is sitting in the seat and crying (A9) ... food, while her two bigger children have become bored and are starting to run (A10) ... the shop. They have already spent (A11) ... hour in their car, stuck in queues of vehicles waiting to park, and the mother will soon have to carry a large number of bags back to the car. Wouldn't it be a whole lot easier (A12) ... the mother to order her shopping (A13) ... the Internet? This method of shopping saves time and transport costs, enables you to see (A14) ... much greater range of goods, and must surely be a lot less stressful. So why has internet shopping not caught on to (A15) ... greater extent? The answer may well be that most people still enjoy leaving their homes to shop. They want to be able to see and touch the goods, try (A16) ... clothes before buying them, for example. That is why, in my opinion, internet shopping will never replace conventional shopping.

1) on
2) from
3) at
4) with
14.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа. Заполните пропуск (A14).


An eco-tourism project (А8) ... a difference has just been launched in the South Luangwa National Park in Zambia. Tourists will be offered (А9)... chance to encounter a wide range of wildlife and (A10)... great deal more. This project was set (A11)... by the local villagers who were suffering (A12) ... a downturn in the national economy. They decided to raise money themselves to cover the cost of educational and welfare projects. Tourists will be invited to live the African Village Experience. The tours are led by English speaking villagers, and visitors can choose (A13) ... activities such as meeting the local healer to taking part in cooking or farming. Visitors are also offered (A14) ... option (A15) ... staying the night in the village.

1) a
2) an
3) the
4) -
15.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа. Заполните пропуск (A15).


Every October I like to go to France (A8) ... my holidays. Last year I visited the Loire Valley and I had the best two weeks of my life. I had such (A9)... good fun I cried when it was time to leave. When I arrived (A10)... Calais, the sun was shining and I was glad I had decided to go (A11)... camping. There are lots of campsites in the Loire, and I found a small one near a beautiful castle. King Louis XIV had (A12) ... castle built in order to impress a princess he wanted to marry, but she rejected him for an English Duke. I fell in love with (A13) ... place at once. Although October is late (A14) ... camping, there were quite a lot of people staying there. It was highly recommended in my guidebook and a friend of mine had also suggested to go to that particular site. Most of the other campers were around (A15) ... my age and I made friends with several of them. Six of us have agreed to meet there again next year for another great holiday.

1) near
2) of
3) at
4) -
16.

Прочитайте предложения. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

 

Richard is ... now that he's got a permanent job.

1) much happier
2) far most happy
3) much most happy
4) far more happier
17.

Прочитайте предложения. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

 

tried to speak to the manager ... he was in a meeting and couldn’t speak to me.

1) although
2) however
3) whereas
4) while
18.

Укажите номер подчеркнутого фрагмента, в котором допущена ошибка.

 

A new cordless phone priced at (1) three hundreds dollars (2) will be available in the shops (3) from September (4).

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4
19.

Укажите номер подчеркнутого фрагмента, в котором допущена ошибка.

 

Nowadays, it is common (1) for young people (2) to continue to live with their parents (3) until their mid- or late-twenty's (4).

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4
20.

Укажите номер подчеркнутого фрагмента, в котором допущена ошибка.

 

In spite (1) the difficulties in your life (2) at the moment (3), my advice is to be patient (4).

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4
21.

Укажите номер подчеркнутого фрагмента, в котором допущена ошибка.

 

It's (1) been a steady increase in (2) tourism to this country, because (3) visitors staying less than 90 days (4) do not need a visa.

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4
22.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа. Заполните пропуск (A22).


It is difficult to imagine a world without tomatoes. These days, the bright red fruit plays an important role in the cooking of many cultures and is a key ingredient in many types of fast food, (A22) ... both taste and colour to dishes that otherwise would be rather ordinary. The tomato (A23) ... to the nightshade family of plants, many members of which are poisonous. When they were first (A24) ... into North America, therefore, tomatoes were viewed with (A25) ... and people tended to use them as table decorations rather than as food. In Europe, the tomato was first grown in Italy in 1555, although it wasn't (A26) ... with pasta until much later. The first (A27) ... for tomato ketchup dates from 1727 and in the 1800s, tomatoes began to be used more (A28) ... in sources and soups. These days, as well as tasting good, tomatoes are (A29) ... to contain substances which are good for our health. Nutritionists (A30) ... out, however, that many processed tomato products also contain additives such as salt and Sugar which can (A31) ... the beneficial effects of the fruit.

1) mixing
2) putting
3) making
4) giving
23.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа. Заполните пропуск (A23).


Don Strange, who works as a vet in northern England, (A22) ... a busy life. As well as having to (A23) ... pets which are unwell, he often visits farms where problems of various kinds await him. He has (A24) ... count of the number of times he has been called out at midnight to give (A25) ... to a farmer with sick sheep or cows. Recently, a television company chose Don as the subject of a documentary programme it was making about the life of a country vet. The programme showed the difficult situations Don (A26) ... every day. It also showed Don (A27) ... a meeting with villagers (A28) ... about the damage a new road might (A29) ... to their local environment. Viewers loved the documentary and, overnight, Don became a household name, known to millions of people. He continues to receive large numbers of letters which make a real impression on him, especially those from teenagers who have (A30) ... the important decision to become vets themselves as a (A31) ... of seeing the programme.

1) deal
2) mend
3) treat
4) solve
24.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа. Заполните пропуск (A24).


There's no (A23) ... to settle for an unhealthy lunch from home or the mysterious unhealthy food in the cafeteria. Why not eat a lunch that is delicious and good for you? Did you know that the types of foods you choose (A24) ... your mood and energy levels? According to dietician Andrea Garen, a healthy lunch 'needs to combine nutrient-rich foods from several food groups to (A25) ... energy and concentration for several (A26) ... .' And, since teenagers are growing and (A27) ... through changes, the need for nutrients is (A28) ... more significant. 'Because of development, calcium needs are greater during adolescence than at any other time,' says Mary Choate, a food and nutrition educator. "Good sources of calcium (A29) ... dairy products and calcium-fortified cereals.' And, that's just the beginning. A balanced meal has a (A30) ... variety of colours and flavours, so you'll never get bored. Basically, any lunch should contain (A31) ... three ounces of protein, plus some good sources of carbohydrates. Lots of nutritious fruits and vegetables are also (A32) ... .

1) affect
2) impress
3) contain
4) effect
25.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа. Заполните пропуск (A25).


When the Moscow State Circus goes on its annual (A22) ... of Europe, the younger members of the circus are still expected to (A23) ... with their education. The circus usually stops for a few days in each town, so how do the young performers manage? One twelve-year-old gets up very early to practise her act before going to school. "It's exhausting (A24) ... but I like the circus life," she says. "The worst part is when I (A25) ... new friends and have to leave them, although I try to keep in (A26) ... with them." The person who (A27)... the circus (A28)... sure that all the children get a proper education. When the circus arrives in Britain, he (A29) ... the traveller education service and gives them the details of all the children and when they will be in certain towns and cities. "It's a fantastic system, he says. "I receive a (A30) ... when we (A31) ... the next town telling us where to meet. We are then accompanied to the school and introduced to the head teacher."

1) make
2) do
3) receive
4) know
26.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа. Заполните пропуск (A26).


A coincidence is a surprising thing that (A22) ... to us. For example, two friends go shopping alone on the same day. When they (A23) ... up afterwards, they discover that they've each bought an identical T-shirt. Many people (A24) ... coincidences as significant or mysterious. But the simple (A25) ... could be that friends tend to have (A26) ... taste in clothes. In reality, life is (A27)... of coincidences, but normally we don't notice them. For example, in almost fifty percent of all football matches, two players (A28) ... the same birthday. This seems surprising, given that there are 365 possible birthdays in the year. But most of these matches will be played without anybody being (A29) ... that the coincidence exists. Unless your birthday is today or tomorrow, you don't generally go around telling people when it is. What's more, without realising it, you probably (A30) ... into contact with lots of people born on the same day as you. But when a coincidence is (A31) ... to your attention, it still seems amazing.

1) close
2) same
3) alike
4) similar
27.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа. Заполните пропуск (A27).


When the Moscow State Circus goes on its annual (A22) ... of Europe, the younger members of the circus are still expected to (A23) ... with their education. The circus usually stops for a few days in each town, so how do the young performers manage? One twelve-year-old gets up very early to practise her act before going to school. "It's exhausting (A24) ... but I like the circus life," she says. "The worst part is when I (A25) ... new friends and have to leave them, although I try to keep in (A26) ... with them." The person who (A27)... the circus (A28)... sure that all the children get a proper education. When the circus arrives in Britain, he (A29) ... the traveller education service and gives them the details of all the children and when they will be in certain towns and cities. "It's a fantastic system, he says. "I receive a (A30) ... when we (A31) ... the next town telling us where to meet. We are then accompanied to the school and introduced to the head teacher."

1) drives
2) charges
3) conducts
4) runs
28.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа. Заполните пропуск (A28).


Hollywood is associated with fame, fortune and glamour. Every year, thousands of young people (A25) ... up there, hoping that a producer will spot them and think they have that special something that audiences want to see. Unfortunately, most of them are (A26) ... on a journey that leads to disappointment. Take a (A27) ... round Los Angeles and ask any waiter or waitress and they will tell you that they are only working there for the time being, until they get their break in films. A combination of failure and economic problems usually means that they eventually (A28)... up their minds to leave and return to the small town they came from, without having made their fortune.

Before you come to the (A29) ... that a life in film is for you, ask yourself carefully if you are ready for that change of direction. You'll have to travel and live for a long time at your own (A30) ..., working in jobs that provide you with a low (A31) ..., with only the occasional glimpse of a star to (A32) ... you where you want to be.

1) do
2) make
3) run
4) come
29.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа. Заполните пропуск (A29).


Can people (A23) ... change? If you (A24) ... the Internet, you'll find huge numbers of websites that offer encouraging plans for personal change. The problem is that most of these sites are operated by someone who's selling something, whether it's a self-help book or a series of audio CDs (A25) ... at making you the best you can be. What's more difficult to find are accurate statistics on personal change. However, there are plenty of statistics on getting rid of a habit, but they only (A26) ... that a set of individuals could make that one change. Experts say that for a person to change his or her habits, many things need to line up. The person must have a (A27) ... to change, and he or she must set up organised systems to (A28) ... this change. Generally, it's believed that people have more success when one major change is tackled at a time. It also (A29) ... if you write your plan out and (A30) ... it with someone. Most professionals say that it (A31) ... 21 to 30 days to make or (A32) ... a habit.

1) advises
2) recommends
3) helps
4) needs
30.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа. Заполните пропуск (A30).


The Hanging Gardens of Babylon were (A25) ... to be one of the Seven Wonders of the (A26) ... World. They are believed to have been built by King Nebuchadnezzar in the sixth century BC as a present for his wife, Amytis.

The gardens were constructed in layers. Each layer was a large terrace (A27) ... with tropical flowers, plants and The large amount of water which these plants required was pumped from the river Euphrates nearby. It is said that Nebuchadnezzar and his wife would sit in the shade of the gardens and (A28) ... down on the city of Babylon below.

The gardens' fame quickly (A29) ..., and travellers would come from far and wide to (A30) ... them. Even thousands of years ago, people used to go (A31) ... Sadly, nothing (A32) ... today of the beautiful hanging gardens, and the city of Babylon lies in ruins in what is modern-day Iraq.

1) approve
2) respect
3) admire
4) judge
31.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа. Заполните пропуск (A31).


A soda drink with a turkey and gravy flavour that is (A22) ... as undrinkable by its manufacturers is selling extraordinarily well. Unexpectedly large quantities of bottles have been sold in the United States where they are preparing to (A23) ... Thanksgiving later this week. A company in Seattle which (A24) ... in unusual flavours put 6,000 bottles on (A25) ... last week at 99 cents each. They sold out within hours. Yesterday bidding (ставки) on the eBay online auction site (A26) ... more than 60 dollars a bottle. The nastiness of Turkey and Gravy Soda appears to be its biggest selling point. It (A27) ... the perfect joke gift to take home to Mum or a younger brother or sister. At Thanksgiving families traditionally (A28) ... a long weekend together. One newspaper reporter who (A29) ... the drink said that, at first sip, it tasted of sweet caramel and savoury butter and it got worse from there. Curiously, the drink is (A30) ... for vegetarians. Peter Van Stolk who (A31) ... the company which makes the drink called his product 'gross'.

1) runs
2) governs
3) employs
4) rules
32.

Выберите ответную реплику, подходящую по смыслу к предложенной реплике-стимулу.

 

I'd like to go for a drink now.

1) Nor do I.
2) Neither would I.
3) Either had I.
4) So would I.
33.

Выберите ответную реплику, подходящую по смыслу к предложенной реплике-стимулу.

 

Shall we go now? I have had enough.

1) Haven't you? I don't think so.
2) Aren't we?
3) Let me see. Did you really?
4) OK. I'll just get your coat.
34.

Выберите реплику-стимул, подходящую по смыслу к предложенной ответной реплике.

 

I’d rather you hadn’t.

1) I told him the truth yesterday.
2) I had realised it was the wrong one.
3) I’d rather go fishing this afternoon.
4) If only I hadn’t lied to Sally.
35.

Расположите реплики так, чтобы получился связный диалог. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

 

A. Is it a difficult language to learn?

B. What have you been doing in Lebanon since you arrived?

C. I love it so I wanted to continue doing it here. A lot of Lebanese women want to learn how to belly dance.

D. Incredibly! Especially the pronunciation. You have to learn to make a lot of new sounds.

E. You also teach belly dancing here. How did that happen?

F. Well, I found a fantastic art teacher, and I've been having classes with her since October. She's great and she speaks English, which is lucky because I don't know much Arabic yet.

1) BCAFED
2) BFADEC
3) AFBCED
4) ADBCEF
36.

Прочитайте текст. Ответьте на вопросы.

 

According to the writer, Harbin produces a spectacle every year that's like


§ 1. Imagine an entire town made up of spectacular buildings of multi-coloured ice. A town devoted to pleasure where you can ride in a horse-drawn carriage, go down ice slides (горки) and watch swimming events by an icy river. It sounds like a setting for a work of children's fiction, but this magical scene appears every January on an island just outside the Chinese city of Harbin.

§ 2. Winter in Harbin would be very boring indeed without its annual month-long Ice and Snow Sculpture Festival. Harbin has average temperatures of −16 °C at the time of the festival. So what better way to brighten up winter than with a colourful winter wonderland that recreates some of the world's most impressive architectural landmarks? It's possible to reproduce them using blocks of ice at Harbin because its winters, though freezing cold, are dry. There is a tradition of ice sculpture in the region that goes back hundreds of years and began with ice lantern (фонарь) artworks lit by candles.

§ 3. People who have been to the festival say the sculptures are most impressive at night, when they are lit by floodlights or from inside by clever use of LED (светодиодный) bulbs that change colour periodically. You can also appreciate the amazing detail of the snow sculptures better when there's no sunshine. If you want to see as many sculptures as possible, you should plan your trip for a few weeks into the festival. That's because by then the international snow-sculpting competition that is held during every festival is over and you can admire the creations in all their beauty.

§ 4. If you are more interested in physical activities than art, you'll still find plenty to amuse you at the festival. The event is well-known for the long snow slides that are incorporated into the designs of the ice buildings.

§ 5. Perhaps the most extreme event at the festival is the river swimming. Even setting up the event is a challenge. The organisers have to remove enough ice from the surface of the River Songhua to make a pool for the friendly competitions. The brave participants jump into the water wearing nothing but swimming costumes and caps, surrounded by spectators in winter hats, coats and gloves! Although the festival has become well-known enough to attract visitors from outside China, it's rare to see a non-local swimmer in the competitions. In northern China, however, there is a strong tradition of winter outdoor swimming, especially among the middle-aged and the elderly.

1) child's fantasy.
2) a place described in literature.
3) a town from the past.
37.

Прочитайте текст и выберите вариант ответа, соответствующий его содержанию.

 

What surprised the writer about the bear's behaviour?


§ 1. Cruising over the pack-ice with our heavy snowmobiles, my guide, Arne, and I looked out across the dazzling expanse of snow. We had come to the tiny, remote island of Svalbard northeast of Greenland, to photograph polar bears, but now we were exhausted with searching. The day had been particularly frustrating, as every bear we'd slowly approached had run away from us. Fed up and hungry, we decided to abandon our search for the afternoon and stop for a snack beside one of the many tall, blue icebergs.

§ 2. As always, a good meal was followed by an intense desire to sleep, and we decided to give in to it, even though the temperature was down to −30 °C. Sleeping at the same time would be unwise with our furry friends around, so we decided to take it in turns. As Arne slept, I scanned the Snow with my binoculars, looking for anything moving. An hour passed. I was just about to wake my companion, when I noticed a dot on the horizon. I wiped the lens, but it was still there. I began to make out the typical mayonnaise colour and the striding walk — it was a polar bear and it was heading in our direction. I awoke Arne instantly. For the next thirty minutes, the bear continued on its direct course towards us, which was strange because the wind was blowing our scent straight towards him, so he must have been aware of our presence.

§ 3. When he was a couple of hundred metres away, I decided to lie down in the snow so as to get a better photograph. "You realise you look like seal like that, don't you?" warned Arne, for once sounding a bit worried. ave for dinner. Onwards the bear came, and by now I could hear the crunching Seals are what polar bears like to sound of his feet on the ice. It struck me that this was a big bear, travelling at some speed. I turned to speak to Arne, and saw him pulling a gun from his bag. Polar bears are incredibly unpredictable animals, and to be in their environment without protection is foolish. But Arne had strict instructions from me only to use the gun to frighten the bear away, and then only if necessary.

§ 4. By now the animal was only 25 metres away and the atmosphere had changed. Arne sat up on the snowmobile calmly awaiting the bear's next move, while struggled to change the film in my camera with my cold, shaking hands. Then, just as I was thinking that there was no escape, as I tensed myself for the inevitable attack, the bear veered off (изменил направление) to one side and then went straight past us. "Look!" whispered Arne. "Behind us!" I turned and saw a second creamy head with two black eyes peering around the corner of an iceberg a few hundred metres behind us. A female bear. Our friend's goal had clearly been in his sight the whole time, and we were the only thing between him and his beloved.

1) It was moving very strangely.
2) It didn't seem put off by humans.
3) It was moving against the wind.
38.

Прочитайте текст. Ответьте на вопросы.

 

Roberts started working as a professional puppeteer


1. Watching wooden dolls come to life may not be one of the most popular forms of entertainment today, but with over twenty years’ experience, talented puppeteer (кукольник) Peter Roberts has earned himself the title ‘master puppeteer’ due to his extraordinary ability to transform puppets into believable, almost living characters. “People are quite often surprised to hear what I do for a living and have little appreciation of puppetry as a form of entertainment. But puppet theatre has been popular in many cultures and may have been the very first kind of theatre,” he explains.

2. As Roberts writes his own scripts and musical scores, his shows are highly original. “A puppet show can involve anything from clowning to storytelling,” he explains. Equally varied is the audience he performs for. Roberts believes that this form of entertainment crosses international boundaries and can be appreciated by people of all ages and cultures.

3. Roberts’ fascination for puppets started when he received some beautiful glove puppets one Christmas. He started putting on shows with these for family and friends and then moved on to handmade Chinese string puppets. Learning mostly from books and personal experience, he continued with his ‘hobby’ while studying for a degree in architecture. “By the time I left university,” he explains, “I was already spending most of my free time carving puppets and putting on shows in the community, so I hardly noticed the transition from student to full-time professional puppeteer. I realised I had long since abandoned all thoughts of pursuing any other career!”

4. The puppets are designed specifically for each show, which is extremely time-consuming. Each one is out of English limewood and then painted. Some of his ‘characters’ appear in exhibitions; others are used for puppeteering workshops. Anyone interested in puppetry can be trained to assist, and not just with the actual puppet making. Puppet theatre companies in the UK are usually small, but each one still needs writers, performers, musicians and even sound and lighting engineers.

5. When most people hear the word ‘puppetry’, they more than likely think of a way of keeping children entertained at birthday parties. However, Roberts is keen to point out that puppet theatre can often be used as an effective educational tool. “Through the mouths of pup sets come serious messages sometimes,” he says.

1) while he was still a student.
2) when he realised he didn’t want to be an architect.
3) after doing a puppetry course.
39.

Прочитайте текст и выберите вариант ответа, соответствующий его содержанию.

 

What two things are required of a World Cup player?


§ 1. My parents always said I was born to be a sportsman. They said that even when I was in nappies, I wasn't happy unless I was kicking or throwing a ball. My first memory is of Dad and me playing football in our back garden. I recall my mum sitting down on the grass cheering me on as I clumsily kicked a football into the goal net my dad was 'defending'. The sense of achievement when I scored my first goal stuck with me, and my life has revolved around football ever since. As I grew up, I dreamed of becoming a football player. During class, I tried to stay focused on my studies; I knew that few people became professional sportsmen and it was crucial to get a good education. But I devoted every spare second to my passion. I knew that if I wanted to become a success, I would have to put all my energy into the game.

§ 2. My big break came when I was 18. Leicester City FC offered me a place in the team. It was there that I learned the true value of teamwork. I played with a fantastic group of guys there and we worked toward one common goal — to win! I learned that every person has their own individual talents, and a great team brings these talents together. We enjoyed great success at Leicester, and I was lucky enough to become one of the UK's top scorers I was transferred to Everton and, while I was sad to leave my fellow team-mates, I was excited about working with new people and making new friends. My time at Everton was an outstanding experience. While I was there, I scored 38 goals in 52 games. It wasn't long until I was on a new journey, this time across the sea to Spain to play for FC Barcelona. I was nervous at first, but it turned out that there was no reason to panic. I felt great pride when I stepped into the stadium and onto the pitch in Barcelona.

§ 3. As you can imagine, the proudest I felt was when I played for my country, England, in the World Cup. The tournament raises the level of competitiveness for every player. Not only do you have to be mentally prepared, but you have to be at the peak of physical fitness — so, as you can imagine, it didn't help that I had to play the tournament with my left arm heavily strapped up! But I was determined not to let one injury stop me and played anyway! Because we were astrong team, we got to the quarter finals, and I scored six goals during the entire competition and won the 'Golden Boot' award

§ 4. Football has taken me around the world, from England to Spain to Japan! I have become fluent in two other languages and have experienced other cultures. My career provided me with many happy memories that I wouldn't change for the world.

1) competitiveness and physical fitness
2) determination and mental fitness
3) physical and mental fitness
40.

Определите значение указанного слова в тексте.

 

would not be amused (§ 3)


§ 1. I started as a paperboy when I was 11. The route covered the richest neighbourhood in town filled with grand mansions. This sounded like a desirable post, when it was presented to me by the route manager, Mr McTivity, but of course mansions have the longest driveways and widest lawns, so it took many minutes to deliver each paper. And papers weighed a ton back then.

§ 2. During my route, I would devote a good length of time to asking myself "what if" — what I would do if I could make myself invisible or if I could hypnotise everyone in the world. Then I might move on to consider unanswerable questions. How do migrating birds know which bird to follow? And how could we be sure that we all saw the same colours?

§ 3. In those days, I was hardly worried by the problems of the real world, so the combination of long walks, fresh air and being alone on my route let me slip easily into my own private thoughts and fantasies. But there was a price to pay for my absent-mindedness. I would suddenly realise that I couldn't remember any of the last 47 houses I had visited. I didn't know if I had left a paper, or instead just walked up to the door, stood for a moment like a mechanical robot and turned round and walked away again. It is not easy to describe the sense of self-disappointment that comes with reaching the end of your route and finding that there are sixteen undelivered papers in your bag and you don't have the least idea to whom they should have gone. Mr McTivity would not be amused if he found out. There was only one way to find the solution to this. So I spent much of my early years first walking an enormous newspaper route and then revisiting large parts of it — sometimes twice!

§ 4. As if delivering papers seven days a week weren't enough, you also had to collect the subscription (подписка) money. There wasn't a more unpleasant task than this. But in particular, the moment that filled me with dread was collecting from Mrs Vandermeister. Mrs Vandermeister was 70 years old, possibly 80. She was very small, forgetful and practically deaf.

§ 5. Getting money from her was a nightmare, if I rang the doorbell at 15-second intervals for an hour and 10 minutes, eventually she would realise someone was at the door. "Now who the heck is that?" she would shout to herself, and begin the long process of getting from her chair to the front door, which was just twenty-five feet away. When eventually she came to the door, it would take an extra half-hour to convince her that I was not a murderer. When she finally opened the door, she was always alarmed to find me standing there. "Oh, Billy, you gave me a start!" she'd say. "It's nice of you to pop by." After I reminded her why I was there, there would be another long pause while she went off to find her purse. She would return half an hour later to ask how much again. There would be another detour to kitchen, and finally the announcement that she didn't have that much cash and I'd have to call again another time.

1) would not like it
2) would not be joking
3) would not be worried
41.

Определите значение указанного слова в тексте.

 

handy (4)


1. Margherita Taylor is the only female presenter at Capital Radio, one of London's top music radio stations. She got into radio while she was a student in Birmingham. Along with hundreds of other hopefuls, she and a friend queued for hours in the rain to take part in a 'Search for a Star' competition held by a local radio station, BRMB. "I had to read a travel script and a weather script, talk about myself for a minute, then introduce a record." Within days the phone call came to say that her voice had earned her a regular show on BRMB. Truly the stuff dreams are made of. After working there for 18 months, she was offered a job with Capital.

2. Margherita claims never to get nervous before a show. "You can't get nervous because then you make mistakes, she says. Of course, there has been the odd disaster. "For instance, when I did my first live concert show at BRMB, I'd only done one programme. In front of a crowd of 50,000, I went on stage to introduce a certain well-known singer. I said: "Please welcome our next performer. You know her best for hits like." Then I just went blank. There was this silence from the crowd, and for the life of me I couldn't think what she'd sung. That's one occasion that will stay with me for ever."

3. Margherita says that her own musical tastes are varied. But she doesn't pick her own music for the show. The Capital computer selects the records in advance from a list approved by the station managers. "The station has a certain sound, and if we all picked our own music, it wouldn't sound like Capital," she says."But for someone who likes music, this is a dream job. I get to go to concerts and meet the bands you can hear on my show. It's great to hear the "behind the scenes"gossip."

4. Most people would expect that a presenter's most important qualities are a nice voice and huge amounts of confidence, but Margherita says that basic maths is handy as well. "You have to make sure that you've got an eye on everything that's going on in the studio, but you've got to be able to add and subtract and think in minutes and seconds," she says. "You're dealing with timed records, and you have to be ready to switch to the news at exactly the right second. If you're going over to a live event, you need to be ready for that on time, not a second earlier or later."

5. Margherita Taylor is very nice and very easy-going, but very much in control. She is so much a "Capital Radio girl" that you might think she is just doing a good job for the station's publicity department, although you know what she's saying really comes from the heart. She smiles a lot, laughs a lot and is generally a great advert for Capital.

1) skilful
2) useful
3) available
42.

Выберите правильный вариант перевода (1, 2 или 3) в соответствии с содержанием текста.

 

Once you arrive, you stay in the Olympic 'Village', ... (§ 3)


§ 1. The moment for Olympic glory and gold occurs once every four years - a moment which becomes the focus for the lives of athletes from all over the world. This one event is their main goal and in order to achieve their dream they are prepared to make any sacrifice. All athletes are selected by their national Olympic Committee to represent their country, and once selected they face two major demands. The first is the mountain of form filling, paperwork and administration. The second is to finalise their preparation for the Games. Most athletes have highly-developed training schedules which enable them to reach the height of their performance for a particular event. However, the Olympics, creates its own timetable and pressures.

§ 2. When I was selected to represent Great Britain, I had approximately a hundred days to prepare. This included finalising training plans, raising nearly £16,000 towards the costs, seeing to travel arrangements and entry forms, and having discussions with my employer about extra time off work to allow me to prepare fully. Throughout my sailing career I had never had the opportunity to become a full-time athlete, so I needed to pursue my business career at the same time as my sporting objectives. However, any top-class athlete in any sport needs a level of business skills when competing at Olympic standard. They need the ability to plan and arrange for all the expenses effectively as well as work towards definite aims.

§ 3. Once you arrive, you stay in the Olympic "Village', which is really a small town housing 15,000 people from every imaginable culture and background. It is fascinating to watch athletes from tiny gymnasts to huge weightlifters and basketball players, and best of all is the excitement at being part of such a select gathering. There are training facilities, souvenir shops, launderettes, a bank and post office, as well as the Village restaurant which seats over 3,000 at one time.

§ 4. So what does it feel like to go to an Olympics? It can be summed up in many ways by the opening ceremony, where thousands of athletes and officials parade wearing their team kit. To most it is an event they will never forget and the honour of just being there is almost magical. And perhaps winning a medal is one of life's major experiences. For me it was the thoughts of family and friends who had all played a part on my road to success, and it felt wonderful. I feel that it is important to try and repay everyone's faith in me by putting something back into the community. I want the younger generation of athletes to benefit in the ways that I did.

1) Как только вы приезжаете, вы останавливаетесь в Олимпийской деревне, ... .
2) Однажды вы приедете и устроитесь в Олимпийской деревне, ... .
3) Когда вы приедете впервые, вы останетесь в Олимпийской деревне, ... .
43.

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A43) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — Firstly, he said, we should try to include the background in an unusual way.

2 — Yet by myself I didn't have a clue how to go about getting some good shots.

3 — Some of the advice didn't work as well as I expected.

4 — How you position yourself is also really important.


Like most tourists, I enjoy taking photographs on holiday and can't wait to show them to friends and family when I get back. But whilst for me they represent treasured memories, to others they are more often than not simply a collection of boring, badly composed, out of focus pictures. So this year I decided to do something about this by booking myself on a trip to Rome which included photography lessons.

The first time I went to Rome, I remember thinking that it was a photographer's paradise with a fantastic photo opportunity lying around every corner. (A43) ___ Added to this was the fact that there were crowds of tourists everywhere, blocking all the best views. But this second time things were different. Antonio, my photography tutor, was on hand to give expert advice every step of the way.

The first thing Antonio told our group was that the secret to creating a good photographic image rather than just a snapshot is to first take a long look at what you want to photograph. For example, he said, you should consider the background just as much as you do the subject. (A44) ___ You can get unwanted figures out of your image simply by getting down on your knees to take a picture, for instance, or changing the angle of the shot.

Our first port of call was Piazza Navona, where Antonio gave us advice about how to photograph the Fountain of Neptune. (A45) ___ Then, he added that we should take the photo with the fountain slightly off centre.

Next, we headed off to the Pantheon, which was originally an ancient Roman temple. Along the way, I took the opportunity to photograph anything that caught my eye. The Pantheon itself is so huge that it is impossible to take a good photograph of the whole thing. (A46) ___ I tried out this technique by lying down on the floor and taking a picture of just one section of the great domed ceiling. I was pretty pleased with the results.

For the next couple of hours, we wandered around the historic centre visiting many of Rome's architectural highlights. (A47) ___ And I felt that I was really able to appreciate the sights as I had to look at each one so carefully in order to get good pictures.

We finished off our first morning tour with a stop at a traditional Roman street café. After all the hard work and walking I'd done, a large Italian ice cream seemed like the perfect reward! (A48) ___ It felt like a whole new world had opened up to me. I learnt an incredible amount over the next two days, as well as having a thoroughly enjoyable time in one of the world's most beautiful cities.

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4
44.

Прочитайте тексты. Ответьте на вопросы. Выберите номер текста, отвечающего на вопрос.

 

Which of the writers was comfortable in the climate?


1. Paula West: Seville, Spain

For our first ever visit to Andalucia we based ourselves in the splendid Parador de Carmona, a former 14th century Arabic fortress, which has been converted into a hotel and restaurant. The small town of Carmona is just a half-hour bus ride from Seville, Spain's fourth largest city and the capital of Andalucia. We spent the morning climbing La Giralda tower before stopping for lunch. The temperatures at midday are very high in Seville, so we cooled down with gazpacho, the delicious cold soup made with tomatoes, cucumbers and peppers.

2. Jo Smith: Dubai

Dubai has clearly grown in popularity as a holiday destination since my first visit five years ago. The number of hotels has risen and there are now far more activities on offer to tourists. On my recent holiday there in April, I avoided the water-skiing, windsurfing and horse-riding, and chose instead to visit the oasis town of Dhaid. Being early spring, it was pleasantly warm with daytime temperatures in the low 30s, dropping to a cool 15 °C at night. Dubai has always been a marvellous place to shop, with a wide range of souvenirs on offer in the Bedouin markets. I resisted the temptation, however, promising myself I would buy something on my next visit.

3. Katie Smart: Marrakech, Morocco

I never tire of going to Marrakech, and the market, or 'souk', in the old town is always first on my itinerary. It has a wonderful selection of rugs, jewellery, pottery and leather bags, and I normally come home with enough items to fill a suitcase — and my last visit there was no exception. But I am particularly attracted by the tremendous warmth and good humour of the inhabitants of Marrakech, who are delighted to be able to offer their hospitality and welcome foreign visitors to their city.

4. Fiona Miller: Lake Garda, Italy

My husband and I chose Lake Garda as our honeymoon destination and fell in love with its magnificent mountain setting and pretty lakeside villages. Based in the medieval town of Garda, we took advantage of the numerous outings organised by our tour operator to the many other resorts on the shores of the lake: Desenzano, with its 16th century cathedral; Malcesine, with its impressive castle built on a huge rock; and Limone, with its distinctive lemon groves and charming beach. We were so taken with the beauty of the area that we barely noticed the light showers which accompanied us on all our trips.

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4
45.

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуски одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов. Заполните пропуск А45 одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов (1–4).

 

Nero, the handsome seven-year-old African lion, can obviously sense, early though it still is, that this is not going to be

just another day. (A43) _____

The courtyard outside is noisy with people carrying bottles, syringes, drugs, drips and bandages and in half an hour a

mini operating theatre is set up right on Nero's doorstep. (A44) _____

'The nerve in the tooth is now totally dead,' explains veterinary dentist Peter Kertesz, who has worked on animals' teeth

for 14 years. (A45) _____

Peter and his assistant Samantha divide their time between working with humans (Mondays to Thursdays) and treating

animals (Fridays). Under the name Zoodent International, Peter, 47, performs more dental work on animals than any

other practice in the world

1) He has spent the night in his cage, as usual, but now, when he should be wandering through the Safari Park, he‟s still here. He paws irritably at the bars of his cage.
2) As he roars his disapproval, he reveals the broken front tooth that is the reason for all this fuss. Today, the dentist is visiting the king of the jungle.
3) 'It could become infected and result in an abscess. An infected tooth may eventually kill an animal once the bacteria enter the bloodstream.'
4) 'The tinned food we feed them doesn't contain the fibre, which is a self-cleaning agent and is bad for the teeth,' says Peter.
46.

Прочитайте тексты. Ответьте на вопросы. Выберите номер текста, отвечающего на вопрос.

 

Which person mentions not being taken seriously by others?


1. Django

Coming second in the free running world championships has landed me roles in music videos, but it doesn't bring in quite enough to get by, so I'm a bike courier. That isn't ideal, but it won't make me quit, and I try to stop it getting me down. I'm always looking out for new opportunities. For instance, I'm currently working on a deal with a potential sponsor — a sportswear company called Free Spirit. That's me! I don't run on a track, I go wherever I want. I don't let any obstacles or worries about danger hold me back. Not when I'm running, nor any other time! There are too many distractions when you play sports in groups. Alone, you can concentrate on each movement, completely in tune your body and your surroundings.

2. Monica

There's still this stereotype of relaxed, supercool surfer. If only it were true! You can't be relaxed if you want to succeed, and for me, second place is as bad as last place. If I see someone doing a new trick it obsesses me. I study all their moves and work out how to copy them. I don't care how many times I fall off the board or how many bruises I get as long as I can do it perfectly in the end. It can be a lonely sport. If you're getting up at dawn every day to catch the best waves, then you don't want to go out much in the evenings. But I figure, I'm young, and all that can wait — I just want a few more trophies first!

3. Mario

My parents were initially against my taking up wheelchair rugby because it's often perceived to be dangerous. Some people even call it 'murderball'! So far I've managed to avoid any crashes on the court myself, although I've had a few near misses. I reckon if you're speedy enough you can avoid most collisions! Anyway, luckily, I managed to persuade my parents to change their minds and so I wasn't forced to give it up. Now I regularly hear them cheering in the stands — they nearly deafen me each time I scorel Wheelchair rugby's so exciting it's becoming increasingly popular with spectators, which is great because that may mean more funding. Sadly, the modified chairs don't come cheap! It'd be a shame if that put anyone off the sport.

4. Gabriella

When I tell people what I do they often laugh, which drives me mad. If I hadn't trained really hard, I wouldn't be where I am today. Looks aren't enough; you've got to have talent, determination and strength. And I mean that in both ways. I work out a lot, often to the point of being completely worn out. As part of an acrobatic routine I sometimes have to carry other girls on my shoulders, and they're not as skinny as they look on TV You also need inner strength. Cheerleading is largely an amateur sport, so you don't get paid, but that doesn't stop it from being very competitive. I have seen instances of bullying among team mates, which is just terrible. I wish it wasn't an issue; I want to feel proud of my sport.

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4
47.

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (A47) одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов.

 

1 — “Mum and Dad have given up their own lives just for me and I’m determined not to let them down.”

2 — Kelly now hopes to make the final three in the British Ice Skating Championship.

3 — The last time I bought a dress was for my son John’s wedding last year.

4 — A few simple steps could reduce the cost.


June and Malcolm Harding spent their life savings on their first home, and thought they were set for life. But just over a year later, June handed the keys back to the estate agent. Since then they’ve also sold

most of their furniture. (A43)____

What started as a way to stop Kelly being bored in the summer holiday has become the focus of all their lives. She won her first competition after only 10 weeks of skating lessons. Soon after, Kelly’s coach left Britain for Canada and her parting words changed the Harding’s lives for ever. “Find the money to keep Kelly on the ice,” she urged. “She’ll go all the way to the top.” From then on, there was no question — whatever it cost to make Kelly a winner, they’d find a way.

(A44)____“I started skating when I was 10,” — June said. “I saved all the money I could for lessons by doing errands for neighbours. But Mum and Dad were poor and when Mum saved to buy me boots, Dad said that it was a mere waste. I never skated again. I wasn’t going to let that happen to Kelly.” They had to take Kelly out of school so she could practise more. As she was still only fourteen, they had to guarantee the local authorities she’d continue her studies until she was seventeen. (A45)____

“I worked out we only got £ 500 for £ 5,000 worth of furniture — but at least it paid for some more lessons,” said June. “The only things we kept were the TV and video because we can never afford to go out. Luckily, our new accommodation is furnished. We took our car off the road because we can’t afford to run it. We haven’t had a phone for four months, or a holiday in six years.” (A46)____

Despite being permanently poor, June and Malcolm have no doubt they’re doing the right thing. “Just seeing Kelly on the ice, smiling and happy, makes it all worthwhile,” her father said. .“Even if she doesn’t make it she’ll have had the opportunity thousands of girls haven’t.”

Kelly, now seventeen, was placed 13th in last year’s junior championship and has won nearly thirty competitions so far. “I know I’m very lucky,” she admits. (A47)____Her coach, a former British champion, is

convinced she’ll go far. “I think she’ll make the Olympic squad,” she said. “Kelly is an exceptional girl — gifted and very hardworking.”

(A48)____It’s unlikely that her mum will ever see her win, though, because she gets too nervous to watch. “People think we’re mad giving up everything,” continues June, “but we believe in our daughter... I’d do it all over again tomorrow.”

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4
48.

Прочитайте тексты. Ответьте на вопросы. Выберите номер текста, отвечающего на вопрос.

 

Which festival / celebration involved strange clothes?


1. Halloween

Halloween was originally a Celtic festival for the dead, celebrated on the last day of the Celtic year, October 31. One story says that, on that day, the spirits of all those who had died throughout the preceding year would come back in search of living bodies to possess for the next year. Naturally, the still-living did not want to be possessed. So, on the night of October 31, villagers would put out the fires in their homes, to make them cold and undesirable. They would then dress up in all manner of devilish costumes and noisily parade around the neighbourhood, in order to frighten away spirits looking for bodies to possess. The custom of "trick-or-treating (when children go from house to house on Halloween to get Small presents) is thought to have originated with a ninth-century European custom called 'souling where early Christians would walk from village to village begging for 'soul cakes', made out of square pieces of bread with currants.

2. Independence Day

Independence Day is the national holiday of the USA commemorating the signing of the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776. At the time of the signing, the US was under the rule of England's King George III. There was growing protest in the 13 colonies concerning the taxes that had to be paid to England. King George sent extra troops to help control any rebellion (восстание). In April 1775 the King's troops reached Concord. The battle of Concord would mark the beginning of the war for Independence. By June 1776 a committee was formed to compose a formal declaration of independence. Thomas Jefferson was chosen to write the first draft which was presented to the Congress.

3. Carnival

The Origins of Carnival are unclear, but most agree that it started as a pagan (языческое) celebration in ancient Rome or Greece. In Brazil, Carnival rules the country for four days a year. It happens at the peak of summer, attracting thgusands of visitors from all corners of the world. Carnival changes dates every year but it usually happens some time in February or early March. Carnival is supposed to be a time to 'forget or recall an old love affair, to celebrate new passion or search for new romantic experiences'.

4. Guy Fawkes' Night

In 1605, Guy Fawkes and a group of his supporters attempted to blow up the Houses of Parliament to kill the King, James I and the entire Parliament. The conspirators were angered because King James had been forcing Jesuits to leave England. The plotters (заговорщики) wanted to take power away from the king and return the country to the Catholic faith. However, in an attempt to protect a friend, one of the group members sent an anonymous letter warning him to stay away from the Parliament. The warning letter reached the King, and the conspirators were caught and sentenced to death.

1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4
49.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите подходящее по смыслу слово из предложенных. B ответ запишите слово в той форме, в которой оно должно стоять в предложении. Помните, что каждое слово может быть использовано только один раз и что заданную форму слова необходимо изменить. Заполните пропуск (B1).

 

END, INCREASE, IMPORTANCE, EXCITE


Many years ago, archaeology was about making discoveries and finding buried treasure. Now it has become a more scientific subject. Archaeologists are becoming (B1) ... interested in finding out more about the lives of ordinary people rather than the dramatic lives of kings and emperors. 99% of archaeology is concerned with reading, excavating, recording, and classifying, and it is neither thrilling nor dangerous. However, the real (B2) ... of archaeology comes through an (B3) ... stream of new discoveries. Even the smallest piece of pottery, however (B4) ... it may appear at first glance, can change our whole understanding of things that happened in the past.

50.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите подходящее по смыслу слово из предложенных. B ответ запишите слово в той форме, в которой оно должно стоять в предложении. Помните, что каждое слово может быть использовано только один раз и что заданную форму слова необходимо изменить. Заполните пропуск (B2).

 

ESSENCE, CARRY, MISERY, CURE


Rising temperatures and a hotter climate? Well, if you are fortunate enough to live in a country with a (B1) ... climate, it sounds great, doesn't it? But there is a dark side. This climate might bring with it mosquitoes, (B2) ... of malaria. It is important to remember that malaria is not an (B3) ... disease providing it is dealt with promptly. So if you should come back from the tropics feeling ill, it is (B4) ... to receive medical treatment as quickly as possible.

51.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите подходящее по смыслу слово из предложенных. B ответ запишите слово в той форме, в которой оно должно стоять в предложении. Помните, что каждое слово может быть использовано только один раз и что заданную форму слова необходимо изменить. Заполните пропуск (B3).

 

ESSENCE, CARRY, MISERY, CURE


Rising temperatures and a hotter climate? Well, if you are fortunate enough to live in a country with a (B1) ... climate, it sounds great, doesn't it? But there is a dark side. This climate might bring with it mosquitoes, (B2) ... of malaria. It is important to remember that malaria is not an (B3) ... disease providing it is dealt with promptly. So if you should come back from the tropics feeling ill, it is (B4) ... to receive medical treatment as quickly as possible.

52.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите подходящее по смыслу слово из предложенных. B ответ запишите слово в той форме, в которой оно должно стоять в предложении. Помните, что каждое слово может быть использовано только один раз и что заданную форму слова необходимо изменить. Заполните пропуск (B4).

 

SUN, DOUBT, COMPLETE, ENTERTAIN


York is (B1) ... one of the most interesting cities in Britain. It is a very well-preserved walled city which has seen over 2,000 years of eventful history. However, York is also a modern city with an excellent shopping centre and plenty of clubs and other places of (B2) ... for those who like to stay out late. Any visit to York would be (B3) ... without going to the Minster, York's Cathedral, a wonderful example of Gothic architecture on the grand scale. The Minster supposedly took 250 years to finish. One of its most impressive sights is the stained glass Rose Window, which looks particulary magnificent on a fine, (B4) ... day.

53.

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (B5) только одним словом, подходящим по смыслу. Слово должно содержать не более 15 символов.


Honey was the main source of sugar in ancient times. It was highly prized not only as a foodstuff but (B5) ... as a medicine. In those days, the art of bee keeping (B6) ... known only to a select few members of secret societies, who were treated with great respect. Nowadays, of course, bee-keeping is not surrounded by such mystique. It is a popular hobby that can be (B7) ... up by anyone with a (B8) ... money to spend and some space in their garden.

54.

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (B6) только одним словом, подходящим по смыслу. Слово должно содержать не более 15 символов.


Have you ever wanted to come home from a holiday with something more useful (B5) ... a suitcase full of souvenirs? What if you could come back with a new skill instead? Learning holidays, which combine travel and learning, have become (B6) ... of the latest new trends in travel. (B7) ... days, travellers can learn how to make chocolates in Italy and how to dance the tango in Argentina as (B8) ....

55.

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск (B7) только одним словом, подходящим по смыслу. Слово должно содержать не более 15 символов.


The most common materials which are recycled are paper and glass. Some plastics, metals and textiles can be recycled as (B5) ... . In theory recycling seems obvious: however, in practice it is not always cost-effective. Often the cost of collection and transportation is greater (B6) ... the cost of the energy saved. It also means that (B7) ... are fewer jobs available in industries (B8) ... as mining, as demand for raw materials is lower.

56.

Прочитайте текст. Выпишите по два лишних слова в порядке их предъявления в тексте.

 

Modern ballet has a so long and colourful history. As its aristocratic look suggests, this dance form has its roots in the royal courts of Western Europe. At first, the graceful movements accompanied by not only music, but speech and poetry as well.

57.

Прочитайте текст. Выпишите по два лишних слова в порядке их предъявления в тексте.

 

The fire which started at 8 o'clock in the morning and the tragedy was unavoidable because the miners were working without oxygen masks, meaning there was no any escape from the thick smoke in the mine.

58.

Переведите на английский язык фрагмент предложения, данный в скобках.

 

I bumped into an old friend of mine in Woolworth's the (на днях).

59.

Переведите на английский язык фрагмент предложения, данный в скобках.

 

We can't (позволить себе) to wait for everyone to agree or we'll miss the opportunity.

60.

Переведите на английский язык фрагмент предложения, данный в скобках.

 

It was probably too late to (сказать) sorry.